nep-ifn New Economics Papers
on International Finance
Issue of 2022‒10‒17
six papers chosen by
Vimal Balasubramaniam
University of Oxford

  1. Perceptions about Monetary Policy By Michael D. Bauer; Carolin Pflueger; Adi Sunderam
  2. Effect of Macroprudential Policies on Sovereign Bond Markets: Evidence from the ASEAN-4 Countries By Joshua Aizenman; Gazi Salah. Uddin; Tianqi Luo; Ranadeva Jayasekera; Donghyun Park
  3. Liquidity derivatives By Bagnara, Matteo; Jappelli, Ruggero
  4. Long-Run Trends in Long-Maturity Real Rates 1311-2021 By Kenneth S. Rogoff; Barbara Rossi; Paul Schmelzing
  5. Dollar Reserves and U.S. Yields: Identifying the Price Impact of Official Flows By Rashad Ahmed; Alessandro Rebucci
  6. Deflationary financial shocks and inflationary uncertainty shocks: an SVAR Investigation By De Santis, Roberto A.; Van der Veken, Wouter

  1. By: Michael D. Bauer; Carolin Pflueger; Adi Sunderam
    Abstract: We estimate perceptions about the Fed's monetary policy rule from micro data on professional forecasters. The perceived rule varies significantly over time, with important consequences for monetary policy and bond markets. Over the monetary policy cycle, easings are perceived to be quick and surprising, while tightenings are perceived to be gradual and data-dependent. Consistent with the idea that forecasters learn about the policy rule from policy decisions, the perceived monetary policy rule responds to high-frequency monetary policy surprises. Variation in the perceived rule impacts financial markets, explaining changes in the sensitivity of interest rates to macroeconomic announcements and affecting risk premia on long-term Treasury bonds. It also helps explain forecast errors for the future federal funds rate. We interpret these findings through the lens of a model with forecaster heterogeneity and learning from observed policy decisions.
    JEL: E03 E4 E42 E44 G12
    Date: 2022–09
  2. By: Joshua Aizenman; Gazi Salah. Uddin; Tianqi Luo; Ranadeva Jayasekera; Donghyun Park
    Abstract: This paper examines whether prudential policies help to reduce sovereign bond vulnerability to global spillover risk in ASEAN-4 countries (Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Thailand). We measure sovereign vulnerability within a risk connectedness network among sovereign bonds. The direct effect is that markets with tighter prudential policies have significantly smaller spillovers from the Treasury yield shocks of other regional and global economies. The sum of indirect and direct effects indicates that prudential policies reduce sovereign spillover risk in the long term. These findings suggest prudential policies have dual efficiency in sovereign risk regulation and Treasury internationalization.
    JEL: E52 E58 F42
    Date: 2022–09
  3. By: Bagnara, Matteo; Jappelli, Ruggero
    Abstract: It is well established that investors price market liquidity risk. Yet, there exists no financial claim contingent on liquidity. We propose a contract to hedge uncertainty over future transaction costs, detailing potential buyers and sellers. Introducing liquidity derivatives in Brunnermeier and Pedersen (2009) improves financial stability by mitigating liquidity spirals. We simulate liquidity option prices for a panel of NYSE stocks spanning 2000 to 2020 by fitting a stochastic process to their bidask spreads. These contracts reduce the exposure to liquidity factors. Their prices provide a novel illiquidity measure reflecting cross-sectional commonalities. Finally, stock returns significantly spread along simulated prices.
    Keywords: Asset Pricing,Market Liquidity,Liquidity Risk
    JEL: G12 G13 G17
    Date: 2022
  4. By: Kenneth S. Rogoff; Barbara Rossi; Paul Schmelzing
    Abstract: Taking advantage of key recent advances in long-run financial and economic data, this paper analyzes the statistical properties of global long-maturity real interest rates over the past seven centuries. In contrast to existing consensus, which has overwhelmingly concentrated on short samples for short-maturity rates, we find that long-maturity real interest rates across advanced economies are in fact trend stationary, and exhibit a persistent downward trend since the Renaissance. We investigate structural breaks in real interest rates over time using multiple statistical approaches, and find that only the Black Death and the "Trinity default" of 1557 appear as consistent inflection points in capital markets on both global and country levels. While a 1914 break is also suggested in multiple series (though less robust than existing literature would lead one to expect), the evidence for an inflection point in 1981 appears much weaker. We further examine trends in persistence, as well as commonly-invoked drivers of global real rates: exploiting significant data advances, we argue that historically, demographic and productivity factors appear to show no promising causal role, and in fact diverge from real interest rates over the long run.
    JEL: E4 F3 N20
    Date: 2022–09
  5. By: Rashad Ahmed; Alessandro Rebucci
    Abstract: This paper shows that the price impact of foreign official (FO) purchases or sales of U.S. Treasuries (USTs) is about twice as large as previously reported in the literature once critical sources of endogeneity are addressed. We also show that prevailing estimates of this price impact suffer from omitted variable bias when foreign government bond yields and Federal Reserve policies are not controlled for. By exploiting changes in the volatility of FO flows and U.S. yields after the 2008 Global Financial Crisis, we identify a FO flow shock via heteroskedasticity in a structural VAR. We estimate that a $100B flow shock moves the 5-year, 10-year, and 30-year yields by more than 100 basis points on impact, compared to the 19-44 basis points range that we estimate by assuming FO flows are price inelastic and without controlling for foreign yields and Fed actions. Our findings suggest that FO sales of USTs played a critical role during the March 2020 episode of Treasury market turmoil and that even a small reduction in the Dollar's share of China's reserves could have a significant impact on U.S. long-term interest rates.
    JEL: E4 F2 F30 G1
    Date: 2022–09
  6. By: De Santis, Roberto A.; Van der Veken, Wouter
    Abstract: What are the economic implications of financial and uncertainty shocks? We show that financial shocks cause a decline in output and goods prices, while uncertainty shocks cause a decline in output and an increase in goods prices. In response to un-certainty shocks, firms increase their markups, in line with the theory of self-insurance against being stuck with too low a price. This explains why goods prices may increase at the onset of a recession and are not accompanied by pronounced deflationary pressures. The two shocks are identified jointly with an approach that is less restrictive than Antolín-Díaz and Rubio-Ramírez’s method. JEL Classification: C32, E32
    Keywords: Business cycles, narrative identification, SVAR, uncertainty shocks, financial shocks
    Date: 2022–09

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