nep-ifn New Economics Papers
on International Finance
Issue of 2020‒10‒19
four papers chosen by
Vimal Balasubramaniam
University of Oxford

  1. Cross-Sectional Uncertainty and the Business Cycle: Evidence from 40 Years of Options Data By Ian Dew-Becker; Stefano Giglio
  2. Global Financial Cycle and Liquidity Management By Olivier Jeanne; Damiano Sandri
  3. The Global Factor Structure of Exchange Rates By Sofonias Korsaye; Fabio Trojani; Andrea Vedolin
  4. The Economics of Currency Risk By Tarek Alexander Hassan; Tony Zhang

  1. By: Ian Dew-Becker; Stefano Giglio
    Abstract: This paper presents a novel and unique measure of cross-sectional uncertainty constructed from stock options on individual firms. Cross-sectional uncertainty varied little between 1980 and 1995, and subsequently had three distinct peaks -- during the tech boom, the financial crisis, and the coronavirus epidemic. Cross-sectional uncertainty has had a mixed relationship with overall economic activity, and aggregate uncertainty is much more powerful for forecasting aggregate growth. The data and moments can be used to calibrate and test structural models of the effects of uncertainty shocks. In international data, we find similar dynamics and a strong common factor in cross-sectional uncertainty. The data is available on our websites. A companion paper [Dew-Becker and Giglio, "Real-time forward-looking skewness over the business cycle"] finds firm-level skewness is significantly procyclical.
    JEL: C58 D81 D84 E22 E30 E32 E37 G13
    Date: 2020–09
  2. By: Olivier Jeanne; Damiano Sandri
    Abstract: We use a tractable model to show that emerging markets can protect themselves from the global financial cycle by expanding (rather than restricting) capital flows. This involves accumulating reserves when global liquidity is high to buy back domestic assets at a discount when global financial conditions tighten. Since the private sector does not internalize how this buffering mechanism reduces international borrowing costs, a social planner increases the size of capital flows beyond the laissez-faire equilibrium. The model also provides a role for foreign exchange intervention in less financially developed countries. The main predictions of the model are consistent with the data.
    JEL: F31 F32 F36 F38
    Date: 2020–10
  3. By: Sofonias Korsaye; Fabio Trojani; Andrea Vedolin
    Abstract: We provide a model-free framework to study the global factor structure of exchange rates. To this end, we propose a new methodology to estimate international stochastic discount factors (SDFs) that jointly price cross-sections of international assets, such as stocks, bonds, and currencies, in the presence of frictions. We theoretically establish a two-factor representation for the cross-section of international SDFs, consisting of one global and one local factor, which is independent of the currency denomination. We show that our two-factor specification prices a large cross-section of international asset returns, not just in- but also out-of-sample with R2s of up to 80%.
    JEL: F3 F31 G15
    Date: 2020–10
  4. By: Tarek Alexander Hassan; Tony Zhang
    Abstract: This article reviews the literature on currency and country risk with a focus on its macroeconomic origins and implications. A growing body of evidence shows countries with safer currencies enjoy persistently lower interest rates and a lower required return to capital. As a result, they accumulate relatively more capital than countries with currencies international investors perceive as risky. Whereas earlier research focused mainly on the role of currency risk in generating violations of uncovered interest parity and other financial anomalies, more recent evidence points to important implications for the allocation of capital across countries, the efficacy of exchange rate stabilization policies, the sustainability of trade deficits, and the spillovers of shocks across international borders.
    JEL: E22 E4 F31 F34 F4 G12 G15 G3
    Date: 2020–09

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