nep-ifn New Economics Papers
on International Finance
Issue of 2020‒09‒07
five papers chosen by
Vimal Balasubramaniam
University of Oxford

  1. How Global is Your Mutual Fund? International Diversification from Multinationals By Irem Demirci; Miguel A. Ferreira; Pedro Matos; Clemens Sialm
  2. Domestic Price Dollarization in Emerging Economies By Andres Drenik; Diego Perez
  3. A Quantity-Driven Theory of Term Premia and Exchange Rates By Robin Greenwood; Samuel G. Hanson; Jeremy C. Stein; Adi Sunderam
  4. Kicking the Can Down the Road: Government Interventions in the European Banking Sector By Viral V. Acharya; Lea Borchert; Maximilian Jager; Sascha Steffen
  5. Financial Fragility in the COVID-19 Crisis: The Case of Investment Funds in Corporate Bond Markets By Antonio Falato; Itay Goldstein; Ali Hortaçsu

  1. By: Irem Demirci; Miguel A. Ferreira; Pedro Matos; Clemens Sialm
    Abstract: We show that mutual funds worldwide provide substantial international exposure through their domestic holdings of multinationals. An average domestic fund's international exposure increases by 32 percentage points when we consider international corporate diversification. We find that funds with higher indirect international exposure perform better in both the cross section and the time series. This outperformance is more pronounced among small fund families, and funds that invest in small stocks, growth stocks, and less developed capital markets. Our findings support the hypothesis that international diversification from multinationals reduces the transaction and information costs of investing abroad and captures fund manager skill.
    JEL: F23 G11 G15 G23
    Date: 2020–08
  2. By: Andres Drenik; Diego Perez
    Abstract: This paper studies the dollarization of prices in retail markets of emerging economies. We develop a model of the firm’s optimal currency choice in retail markets in inflationary economies. We derive theoretical predictions regarding the optimality of dollar pricing, and test them using data from the largest e-trade platform in Latin America. Across countries, price dollarization is positively correlated with asset dollarization and inflation, and negatively correlated with exchange rate volatility. At the micro level, larger sellers are more likely to price in dollars, and more tradeable goods are more likely to be posted in dollars. We then show that prices are sticky, and hence the currency of prices determines the short-run reaction of both prices and quantities to a nominal exchange rate shock.
    JEL: E31 F41
    Date: 2020–08
  3. By: Robin Greenwood; Samuel G. Hanson; Jeremy C. Stein; Adi Sunderam
    Abstract: We develop a model in which specialized bond investors must absorb shocks to the supply and demand for long-term bonds in two currencies. Since long-term bonds and foreign exchange are both exposed to unexpected movements in short-term interest rates, a shift in the supply of long-term bonds in one currency influences the foreign exchange rate between the two currencies, as well as bond term premia in both currencies. Our model matches several important empirical patterns, including the co-movement between exchange rates and term premia, as well as the finding that central banks' quantitative easing policies impact exchange rates. An extension of our model sheds light on the persistent deviations from covered interest rate parity that have emerged since 2008.
    JEL: F31 G12
    Date: 2020–07
  4. By: Viral V. Acharya; Lea Borchert; Maximilian Jager; Sascha Steffen
    Abstract: We analyze the determinants and the long-run consequences of government interventions in the eurozone banking sector during the 2008/09 financial crisis. Using a novel and comprehensive dataset, we document that fiscally constrained governments “kicked the can down the road” by providing banks with guarantees instead of full-fledged recapitalizations. We adopt an econometric approach that addresses the endogeneity associated with governmental bailout decisions in identifying their consequences. We find that forbearance caused undercapitalized banks to shift their assets from loans to risky sovereign debt and engage in zombie lending, resulting in weaker credit supply, elevated risk in the banking sector, and, eventually, greater reliance on liquidity support from the European Central Bank.
    JEL: E44 G21 G28 G32 G34
    Date: 2020–07
  5. By: Antonio Falato; Itay Goldstein; Ali Hortaçsu
    Abstract: In the decade following the financial crisis of 2008, investment funds in corporate bond markets became prominent market players and generated concerns of financial fragility. The COVID-19 crisis provides an opportunity to inspect their resilience in a major stress event. Using daily microdata, we document major outflows in these funds during this period, far greater than anything they experienced in past events. Large outflows were sustained over several weeks and were widespread across funds. Inspecting the role of sources of fragility, we show that both the illiquidity of fund assets and the vulnerability to fire sales were important factors in explaining outflows in this episode. The exposure to sectors most hurt by the COVID-19 crisis was also important. Two policy announcements by the Federal Reserve about extraordinary direct interventions in corporate-bond markets seem to have played an important role in calming down the panic and reversing the outflows.
    JEL: G01 G1 G23 G38
    Date: 2020–07

This nep-ifn issue is ©2020 by Vimal Balasubramaniam. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.