nep-ifn New Economics Papers
on International Finance
Issue of 2015‒05‒09
two papers chosen by
Vimal Balasubramaniam
University of Oxford

  1. For a Few Dollars More: Reserves and Growth in Times of Crises By M. Bussière, Gong Cheng, Menzie Chinn and Noëmie Lisack; G. Cheng; M. Chinn; N. Lisack
  2. Large Capital Inflows, Sectoral Allocation and Economic Performance By Gianluca Benigno; Nathan Converse; Luca Fornaro

  1. By: M. Bussière, Gong Cheng, Menzie Chinn and Noëmie Lisack; G. Cheng; M. Chinn; N. Lisack
    Abstract: Based on a dataset of 112 emerging economies and developing countries, this paper addresses the question whether the accumulation of international reserves has effectively protected countries during the 2008-09 financial crisis. More specifically, the paper investigates the relation between international reserves and the existence of capital controls. We find that the level of reserves matters: countries with high reserves relative to short-term debt suffered less from the crisis, particularly when associated with a less open capital account. This suggests some degree of complementarity between reserve accumulation and capital controls.
    Keywords: Foreign reserves, capital controls, financial crises, economic growth.
    JEL: F31 G01
    Date: 2015
  2. By: Gianluca Benigno; Nathan Converse; Luca Fornaro
    Abstract: This paper describes the stylized facts characterizing periods of exceptionally large capital inflows in a sample of 70 middle- and high-income countries over the last 35 years. We identify 155 episodes of large capital inflows and find that these events are typically accompanied by an economic boom and followed by a slump. Moreover, during episodes of large capital inflows capital and labor shift out of the manufacturing sector, especially if the inflows begin during a period of low international interest rates. However, accumulating reserves during the period in which capital inflows are unusually large appears to limit the extent of labor reallocation. Larger credit booms and capital inflows during the episodes we identify increase the probability of a sudden stop occurring during or immediately after the episode. In addition, the severity of the post-inflows recession is significantly related to the extent of labor reallocation during the boom, with a stronger shift of labor out of manufacturing during the inflows episode associated with a sharper contraction in the aftermath of the episode.
    Keywords: Capital flows, surges, sectoral allocation, sudden stops
    JEL: F31 F32 F41 O41
    Date: 2015–05

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