nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2024‒02‒26
six papers chosen by
Marek Giebel, Universität Dortmund

  1. Home broadband and human capital formation By Jose Montalban; Rosa Sanchis-Guarner; Felix Weinhardt
  2. Managerial innovation in multi-channel payment services: the case of port fees in Morocco By Chafik Bensfia; Ahmed Bouklata
  3. Use of ICTs: What Effect on the Quality of Youth Employment in Cameroon? By Cosmas Benard Meka'a; Astride Claudel Njiepue Nouffeussie; Romus Noufelie; Gaëlle Tatiana Timba
  4. The Arrival of Fast Internet and Employment in Africa: Comment By David Roodman
  5. Empirical investigation of the Fintech and financial literacy nexus: small business managers' insights in Cameroon By Prince HIKOUATCHA; Alain G. TAGNE FOKA; Armand D. FOSSI; Simplice A ASONGU
  6. Tracing the adoption of digital technologies By Vatsala Shreeti

  1. By: Jose Montalban; Rosa Sanchis-Guarner; Felix Weinhardt
    Abstract: Using administrative data, we estimate the effect of home broadband speed on student-level value-added test scores. Our headline estimate relies on jumps in connection quality between close neighbours that occur across thousands of invisible telephone exchange station catchment-area boundaries. We find that increasing speed by 1 Mbit/s increases test scores by 1.37 percentile ranks, equivalent to 5% of a standard deviation. School-level factors or broadband take-up cannot explain this. Instead, the positive effects are concentrated among high-ability and non-free-school-meal eligible students and result from more education-oriented internet use. Differences in ICT quality can thus lead to increasing education inequalities.
    Keywords: broadband, education, spatial regression discontinuity
    Date: 2024–02–08
  2. By: Chafik Bensfia (USMBA - Université Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah - Fès [Université de Taza]); Ahmed Bouklata
    Abstract: The demand for the use of remote services is increasing year by year in a connected world where 62% of the population will have access to the Internet in 2020 (Internet Live Stats). Despite the need to use these information and communication technologies (ICT) in various areas of life, the issue of acceptance and use has and continues to generate interest among several researchers. The purpose of this paper is to identify the factors that influence the acceptance and use of ICT in the context of port clearance payments for cross-border trade. 144 users of multi-channel payment platforms for passenger rights in Moroccan ports were interviewed in this study. After processing the data, the results of the study showed that the ease of use and perceived usefulness of these new payments positively affect users' attitudes towards these payment methods and increase the percentage of use, which confirms previous work on the validity of the TAM and TAM2 acceptance models.
    Abstract: La demande d'utilisation des services à distance augmente d'année en année dans un monde connecté où 62% de la population avoir accès à Internet en 2020 (Internet Live Stats). Malgré la nécessité d'utiliser ces technologies de l'information et de la communication (TIC) dans divers domaines de la vie, la question d'acceptation et d'utilisation a suscité et continue de susciter l'intérêt de plusieurs chercheurs. Le but de ce papier est d'identifier les facteurs qui influencent l'acceptation et l'utilisation des TIC dans le cadre du paiement des droits de passage portuaire concernant le commerce transfrontalier en utilisant la méthode des équations structurelles basées sur les moindres carrés partiels (PLS-SEM), 144 utilisateurs des plateformes de paiement multicanal pour les droits des passagers dans les ports marocains ont été interrogés dans le cadre de cette étude. Après avoir traité les données, les résultats de l'étude ont montré que la facilité d'utilisation et l'utilité perçue de ces nouveaux paiements affectent positivement l'attitude des utilisateurs à l'égard de ces moyens de paiement et augmentent le pourcentage d'utilisation, ce qui confirme les travaux antérieurs de la validité des modèles d'acceptation TAM et TAM2.
    Keywords: Technological acceptance, determinants of use, Multichannel payment., Mots Clés : Acceptation technologique, déterminants d’utilisation, paiement multicanal.
    Date: 2023–01–01
  3. By: Cosmas Benard Meka'a; Astride Claudel Njiepue Nouffeussie; Romus Noufelie; Gaëlle Tatiana Timba
    Abstract: The objective of this article is to evaluate the effects of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) on the quality of youth employment in Cameroon. The study uses data from the Cameroonian Household Survey (CHS 4) carried out by the National Institute of Statistics of Cameroon (NIS) in 2014. The quality of employment is apprehended here by five of its dimensions: income by sector of activity, the nature of the contract, regularity of employment, job satisfaction and length of employment. Our results suggest that young active workers in the formal sector and the informal agricultural sector, demonstrating ICTs skills.
    Keywords: ICTs, youth, job quality, heckman model, Cameroon
    JEL: J13 J24 J64 J18
    Date: 2023
  4. By: David Roodman
    Abstract: Hjort and Poulsen (2019) frames the staggered arrival of submarine Internet cables on the shores of Africa circa 2010 as a difference-in-differences natural experiment in broadband access. The paper finds positive impacts on individual- and firm-level employment and nighttime light emissions. These results are largely ascribable to geocoding errors; to discontinuities from a satellite changeover at end-2009; and to a definition of the treated zone that has unclear technological basis, is narrower than the spatial resolution of nearly all the data sources, and is weakly representative of the geography of broadband availability.
    Date: 2024–01
  5. By: Prince HIKOUATCHA (University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon); Alain G. TAGNE FOKA (niversity of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon); Armand D. FOSSI (niversity of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon); Simplice A ASONGU (Johannesburg, South Africa)
    Abstract: Recent and ongoing advancements in the field of ICT have led to the introduction of increasingly diversified financial products, and their use is improving people's level of financial knowledge and skills. This article aims at assessing the effect of Fintech on the level of financial literacy of small business’ managers in Cameroon. To this end, information was gathered using a questionnaire from 209 small business managers in Cameroon. Descriptive statistics, Principal Component Analysis (PCA), and multiple linear regression are used. Results lead to two main conclusions. On the one hand, unlike knowledge of their existence, the frequency of use of Fintech tools is better able to contribute to improving financial literacy levels overall. On the other hand, specifically, this result is more important when it comes to competence and self-confidence in managing financial affairs. As a result, increasing the utilization of financial technology instruments in companies is imperative for efficiency.
    Keywords: Financial Skill; Financial Knowledge; Financial literacy; Fintech; Small business
    JEL: G53 M2 O33
    Date: 2023–01
  6. By: Vatsala Shreeti
    Abstract: Internet-based digitalisation has ushered in a new wave of economic development in emerging markets, but persistent digital divides still exclude many from the benefits. To narrow these divides, it is important to understand the factors that shape the adoption of digital technologies. In this paper, I develop a structural model of consumer demand and supply to understand the main drivers of adoption of an essential digital technology: smartphones. Through counterfactual simulations, I quantify the role of growth in income and in income inequality, expansion of 4G network coverage, foreign entry, and improvements in device quality in shaping the smartphone market. I find that changes in the income distribution and in device quality are the most important factors driving smartphone adoption. I also provide a comparison of policies that can be used to spur smartphone adoption. I find that compared to ad valorem tax reductions and uniform subsidies, targeted subsidies are the least costly for the government and are the most effective for redistribution, being (almost) fully appropriated by consumers.
    Keywords: digitalisation, digital divide, technology adoption, demand estimation
    JEL: L10 L86 O33
    Date: 2024–02

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