nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2024‒01‒15
five papers chosen by
Marek Giebel, Universität Dortmund

  1. Innovation Booms, Easy Financing, and Human Capital Accumulation By Johan Hombert; Adrien Matray
  2. Online job search discouragement : How employment platforms and digital exclusion shape the experience of low-qualified job seekers? By Guillaume Dumont; Stefano de Marco; Ellen Heslper
  3. “Life would have been harder, harder and more in chaos, if there wasn’t internet”: Digital Inclusion among Newly Arrived Refugees in Australia during the Covid-19 Pandemic By Baganz, Emilie; McMahon, Tadgh; Khorana, Sukhmani; Magee, Liam; Culos, Ingrid
  4. International benchmarking of private investments in Digital Decade thematic areas By TORRECILLAS JODAR Juan; PAPAZOGLOU Michail; CALZA Elisa; CARDONA Melisande; VAZQUEZ-PRADA BAILLET Miguel
  5. Characteristics of Relocated Firms: From the perspective of regional revitalization (Japanese) By ITO Tadashi

  1. By: Johan Hombert; Adrien Matray
    Abstract: Innovation booms are often fueled by easy financing that allows new technology firms to pay high wages that attracts skilled labor. Using the late 1990s Information and Communication Technology (ICT) boom as a laboratory, we show that skilled labor joining this new sector experienced sizeable long-term earnings losses. We show these earnings patterns are explained by faster skill obsolescence rather than either worker selection or the overall bust in the ICT sector. During the boom, financing flowed more to firms whose workers would experience the largest productivity declines, amplifying the negative effect of labor reallocation on aggregate human capital accumulation.
    JEL: E23 J24 O33
    Date: 2023–12
  2. By: Guillaume Dumont (EM - emlyon business school); Stefano de Marco; Ellen Heslper
    Abstract: "How do people experience the platform-mediated job search process? We explore this question based on a sample of in-depth interviews (n = 20) with low-qualified, unemployed Spanish job seekers. Our main finding shows that the ways they use Information and Communication Technologies negatively impact their engagement in online job search activities. Based on our findings, we develop a framework of online job search discouragement revolving around crafting online profiles, applying for jobs, reviewing application statuses and integrating the tensions these activities carry for the experience and the outcome of the platform-mediated job search."
    Keywords: Online job search, Employment platforms, Job discouragement, Low-skilled job seekers
    Date: 2023–09–05
  3. By: Baganz, Emilie; McMahon, Tadgh; Khorana, Sukhmani; Magee, Liam; Culos, Ingrid
    Abstract: Globally we are living through a continuing transition into the ‘information age’, where information and communication technology has transformed almost every aspect of people’s lives. The COVID-19 pandemic arguably accelerated this change. For refugees, as with other people, digital inclusion is arguably critical to social inclusion. This article seeks to better understand the digital inclusion of refugees during the COVID-19 pandemic, using data from two phases of research conducted in 2020 and 2021 with refugees who had recently resettled in Australia. Digital inclusion was mapped against three domains – access, affordability, and literacy – used in the annual Australian Digital Inclusion Index. Our research makes three contributions: it examines levels of digital inclusion among recently arrived refugees; it explores the relation of these levels to social links and bonds; and discusses differences within the sample according to gender, age, language group and type of digital inclusion.
    Date: 2023–12–14
  4. By: TORRECILLAS JODAR Juan (European Commission - JRC); PAPAZOGLOU Michail (European Commission - JRC); CALZA Elisa (European Commission - JRC); CARDONA Melisande; VAZQUEZ-PRADA BAILLET Miguel (European Commission - JRC)
    Abstract: This report presents a wide-ranging analysis of private investments related to the Digital Decade thematic areas in the European Union (EU) in comparison with other relevant economic actors. The report examines investments in gigabit, 5G, semiconductors, edge computing, quantum technology, and the adoption of cloud computing, big data, and artificial intelligence by businesses. Results reveal that the EU presents lower levels of investments than the US and China in several digital sectors, particularly in fixed broadband coverage, 5G, and semiconductors. While European firms perform well in edge computing investments, they lag behind in venture capital funding compared to the US and China. Additionally, the EU faces investment shortages in the adoption of cloud computing, big data, and AI, with Chinese firms showing substantial investments and revenues in these areas. These results suggest that increased investments and support to enhance the EU's digital competitiveness could be needed in order to achieve the objectives of the Digital Decade Policy Programme.
    Date: 2023–09
  5. By: ITO Tadashi
    Abstract: The covid-19 pandemic triggered the widespread use of remote work. Many firms closed their headquarters in Tokyo and moved to neighboring or regional areas. Revitalization of regional economies has been one of the core policy issues of the Japanese government for the last 10 years. Relocation of firms to regional areas could help the regional economies’ development. This study analyses the characteristics of the relocated firms and their CEOs, and the possibility of the relocation of new firms and their effects on the revitalization of the regional economies through new business opportunities or new transactions. The analyses show that 1) only a small portion of firms relocate, as in the case of the other developed countries, and the ratio of firms that relocated between prefectures during the period of about 10 years was merely 0.74%; 2) most firms relocated to neighboring areas; 3) large firms or productive firms, or young (years since establishment) firms and firms run by young CEOs are more likely to relocate; 4) ICT-related firms are more likely to relocate and agglomerate in the central urban areas; 5) relocated firms are more likely to change their transaction partner firms; and 6) firms are likely to relocate closer to their customers’ locations. Moreover, the analyses find a positive correlation between the numbers of firms relocated into areas/industries and the growth rate of those areas/industries. On the other hand, there is a substantial number of large firms that relocated from Tokyo or Osaka areas to regional areas and most of those firms are in manufacturing industries.
    Date: 2023–12

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