nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2023‒05‒01
six papers chosen by
Marek Giebel
Universität Dortmund

  1. Returns to ICT Skills Use and Labour Market Institutions By Giorgio Cutuli; Alessio Tomelleri
  2. Technology and Disability: The Relationship Between Broadband Access and Disability Insurance Awards By Barbara A. Butrica; Jonathan Schwabish
  3. The Economic Impacts of Electronic Transaction Development in Thailand. By Pinitjitsamut, Montchai
  4. A Study of the Impacts of E-Governance on the Economy, Trends, and Perspective By Johansen, Elias
  5. Financial innovation, technological improvement and bank’ profitability By Mustansar, Talreja
  6. Creating and Sharing Interorganizational Knowledge Through a Supply Chain 4.0 Project By Fabienne Garcia; Bernard Grabot; Gilles Paché

  1. By: Giorgio Cutuli; Alessio Tomelleri
    Abstract: This paper analyses the moderating role of institutional factors on returns to ICT skill usage among different groups of workers in eight European labour markets. Using PIAAC data, it leverages the ‘institutional salience’ of contractual status to analyse the returns on the use of ICT-related skills in the workplace, allowing for heterogeneous wage effects at the micro level among workers holding permanent and temporary contracts. It extends the analysis by considering how gaps in ICT wage premiums mirror the compositional differences in national-specific trade union densities among contractual groups. Wage premiums associated with ICT usage are not defined univocally by task content or demand-supply dynamics for specific occupations. Net of occupation and industry, the results show different returns between labour market segments and according to national-specific trade union densities of temporary and permanent workers, providing a test of how the consequence of technological change are shaped by institutional and regulative cleavages.
    Keywords: ICT skills, Wage premiums, European labour markets, Temporary contracts, Trade unions
    JEL: J2 E24 O30 J50
    Date: 2023–04
  2. By: Barbara A. Butrica; Jonathan Schwabish
    Abstract: This paper examines the association between Social Security Disability Insurance (DI) awards, disability, and technology access. It uses multiple data sources, regression analyses, and geospatial analysis to document the geographic variation in these relationships. Our initial hypothesis was that any relationship between DI awards, disability, and technology access (e.g., computers, the internet, and broadband) would simply reflect the broadband gap between rural and non-rural, but we find that disparities hold even after taking into account these geographic differences.
    Date: 2022–10
  3. By: Pinitjitsamut, Montchai
    Abstract: This research study aims 1) to develop the computable general economic (CGE) model, 2) analyze the country-wide economic impact of the development of electronic transactions according to the 3 periods strategic operational plan of the Electronic Transactions Development Agency (ETDA) by using the CGE model and develop the optimal policies to increasing the digital transation share in the economy of Thailand. Thailand's digital economy has been expanding rapidly over the recent decade. The development of the country's electronic transactions through the application of digital technology drives country-wide economy, reconnect the value chain and increase the economic value throughout the value chain for all business sectors. This makes the ease of doing business in Thailand since the digital transactions can cut across the sectors and increase operation efficiency. Moreover, the competitiveness of the economy will be raised by developing security and reliable standards for digital technology applications and their effectively linking systems. In this regard, the development of economic models is required to conduct a study and analyzing the impact of the country's electronic transaction development policy and implementation. This study use three main national databases on “the use of information and communiccation technology of households 2019 (ICTH 2019)”, “the use of information and communication technology of business enterprises 2019 (ICTE 2019)” and “the socio-economic survey data 2019 (SES 2019)”. These databases are used to establish the Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) 2019 and modified a set of equations in the Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model for entire system of Thai economy which the interactions among sectors are concerned. The scenarios for economic impacts foresight are developed according to the national electronic transaction development scheme (the 3 periods strategic operational plan) which are ETDA’s major resposibility to implement and drive towards goals. Besides, the brainstorming and in-depth interviews with relevant agencies and the development of policy implications are carried out by considering the finding impacts in the CGE model. In summary, the development of electronic transactions in Thailand may need to create new innovations, rebalance and continue to seek sustainable economic growth. Therefore, the public challenge goals and policies should focus on elevating electronic transactions in the first 5 years urgently by promoting the coverage at least 50% of the population or business, developing personnel potential and supporting the long-term continuous research. The policy implications are: 1) Promote electronic transactions 2) Develop the accessibility to electronic transactions for households, SMEs and Micro-enterprises 3) Invest in the digital infrastructure to support electronic transactions; and 4). Establish an operational center to support electronic transactions.
    Keywords: Computable General Equilibrium, Electronic transaction, Digital economy
    JEL: C68 O1 O14 O25 O47 O50
    Date: 2023–03–25
  4. By: Johansen, Elias
    Abstract: Researchers are still relatively new to the field of e-governance, so it is a relatively new research field for them.Considering the rapid growth of the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) by governments in the last few years. It is clear that governments are eager to use ICTs to improve the services they provide to their citizens and that they are willing to do so sincerely and eagerly, and they are also planning to establish an online communication system with their citizens with the intention of creating a continuous feedback process that can be used by policymakers to help them make better decisions. Technology has played an important role in the administration of government for many years. However, the advent of the Internet and the World Wide Web made a significant difference in terms of achieving the objectives of improved services, better relationships, and many other things, despite the fact that the use of technology in government has been around for many years. The EU, the United States, the United Kingdom, and Japan are some of the developed nations that have taken the lead in making their online presence a priority in the world today.The fact that experiments are currently being conducted at various levels, including at the state, center and municipal levels, in developing countries such as Brazil, India and China, is an important point to make. With the aim of offering citizens what their counterparts in first world countries receive, these experiments are being conducted at various levels. An important question must be answered about the impact that the programs that have been designed for e-governance are having on the economy and their effectiveness as well.
    Keywords: E-governance, e-governance impact on commerce, e-governance impact on economy, e-governance efficiencies, e-governance trends
    JEL: F6 O14 O3 O32 O33 Q55
    Date: 2023–02–15
  5. By: Mustansar, Talreja
    Abstract: An increasing trend of development in the financial system, with the use of information technology and the modernization of products and services, has led to financial innovation being considered one of the most important topics in the research community. The paper discusses the role of financial innovation and its importance in the modern financial system. We have proxied financial innovation in three dimensions, namely Fintech infrastructure, Fintech number of transactions, and Fintech amount of transactions; and we have tested the impact of these financial innovation variables, along with some control variables, on the profitability of the banking system. The study uses time series data from 2008 Q1 to 2021 Q4 and the ARDL Bounds test for analysis purposes. Using the ARDL model, a few proxies (LATM, ADVTODEP, COSTTOINC, NETNPLTONETLOAN, POSTRAM) of financial innovation demonstrate a positive and significant relationship in long run implying that financial innovation has an effect on the profitability of the financial sector in long run.
    Date: 2023–03–14
  6. By: Fabienne Garcia (VALLOREM - Val de Loire Recherche en Management - UO - Université d'Orléans - UT - Université de Tours); Bernard Grabot (LGP - Laboratoire Génie de Production - ENIT - Ecole Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Tarbes - Toulouse INP - Institut National Polytechnique (Toulouse) - UT - Université de Toulouse); Gilles Paché (CERGAM - Centre d'Études et de Recherche en Gestion d'Aix-Marseille - AMU - Aix Marseille Université - UTLN - Université de Toulon)
    Abstract: Digitalization in the supply chain involves important transformations in the relationships between supply chain partners. Studies investigating these transformations underline the need to create and share new knowledge processes in order to achieve successful digital projects that improve integration and collaboration in the supply chain. This article proposes to make a parallel between the stages of the SECI model concerning knowledge conversion and the different phases of a Supply Chain 4.0 project. By using a longitudinal case study, the authors fill the gap on the dynamics of knowledge transformation in supply chain digital projects. Based on a supplier portal project, the case study presented helps to understand how to ensure that the different partners will get fully involved in the digital project. It provides five managerial recommendations for companies that wish to commit to supplier development and knowledge sharing through digital projects.
    Keywords: Case Study, Digitalization, Information Technology, Interorganizational Knowledge Sharing, Knowledge Management, SECI Model, Supplier Portal Project, Supply Chain 4.0
    Date: 2023–02

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