nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2023‒02‒06
seven papers chosen by
Marek Giebel
Universität Dortmund

  1. The relation between digitalization and regional development in Romania By Antonescu, Daniela
  2. Effects of an Online Self-Assessment Tool on Teachers' Digital Competencies By Abbiati, Giovanni; Azzolini, Davide; Balanskat, Anja; Engelhart, Katja; Piazzalunga, Daniela; Rettore, Enrico; Wastiau, Patricia
  4. Gender and family perspectives on the uptake of ICT-induced home-based work By Ewa Cukrowska-Torzewska; Anna Matysiak; Agnieszka Kasperska
  5. Accelerating technical change through ICT: Evidence from a video-mediated extension experiment in Ethiopia By Gashaw T. Abate; Tanguy Bernard; Simrin Makhija; David J. Spielman
  6. The Role of Experience in the Digital Age and Its Purpose in the Value Creation Process By Sakib, S M Nazmuz
  7. The payment landscape of B2C e-commerce marketplaces in Latin America and the Caribbean By Gayá, Romina

  1. By: Antonescu, Daniela
    Abstract: Digitalization is an essential element for the development of today’s society, in the context of actual geo-political challenges. Moreover, the COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated the process of digitalization, offering new perspectives on sustainable and inclusive development. From the point of view of the regional approach, digitalization can have an important impact on the level of territorial development and on the reduction of economic and social inequalities. This paper proposes to identify the relationship between a series of indicators specific to digitization and regional GDP, with the help of panel models. The objective of the research is to estimate the relationship between GDP and two indicators specific to digitalization: online commerce and broadband internet infrastructure, the level of the eight development regions in Romania. Dependency modelling, based on econometric equations, offers the possibility of highlighting the way in which the two indicators of the digital economy contribute to the growth of GDP per capita. This analysis aims to illustrate the fact that broadband technologies and the increase in the number of people using the Internet for commercial purposes can have a positive impact on the growth of the regional economy. The results of the analysis highlighted the direct relationship of the indicators between the three variables related to the digitalization process at the level of Romania’s regions and the strong influence of broadband internet and online trade on GDP per capita, proving that any growth among independent variables will lead to an increase amongst the dependent variables.
    Keywords: Digitalization, GDP, regional inequalities, Panel model, OLS model
    JEL: O18 O3 O32
    Date: 2022–11–03
  2. By: Abbiati, Giovanni (University of Brescia); Azzolini, Davide (FBK-IRVAPP); Balanskat, Anja (European Schoolnet); Engelhart, Katja (European Schoolnet); Piazzalunga, Daniela (University of Trento); Rettore, Enrico (University of Padova); Wastiau, Patricia (European Schoolnet)
    Abstract: We evaluate the effects of an online self-assessment tool on teachers' competencies and beliefs about ICT in education. The causal impact of the tool is evaluated through a randomized encouragement design, involving 7, 391 lower secondary teachers across 11 European countries. Short-run impact estimates show that the use of the tool led teachers to critically revise their technology-enhanced teaching competencies (-0.14 standard deviations) and their beliefs about ICT in education (-0.35 s.d.), while there is no impact on their probability of taking specific training. The effects are concentrated among teachers in the top-end tail of the distribution of pre-treatment outcomes. We provide suggestive evidence that the feedback score provided by the tool triggered such results by providing a negative information shock.
    Keywords: ICT, technology-enhanced teaching, self-assessed competencies, experimental design, teaching practices
    JEL: I21 C93
    Date: 2023–01
  3. By: Vitaliy, Tryashchenko; Tetiana, Tytar
    Abstract: The article highlights the current issues related to the management of information provision of the enterprise. It has been specified that complete and reliable information support of business processes is a necessary condition for the effective functioning of the enterprise. It was determined that the information support mechanism for managing the development of business processes should include available information resources, technologies, systems and platforms, software, and qualified personnel responsible for this work. The article examines the works of domestic and foreign economists. It was established that the modern business environment is practically inseparable from scientific, information and intellectual achievements and the results of their implementation (information technologies, systems, and platforms), and the management of the development of business processes must be confirmed by a powerful information support of the enterprise. In the article contains information about the number of Ukrainian enterprises which were engaged in electronic trade. Nevertheless, it was revealed the number of Ukrainian enterprises, such as: 1) carried out electronic trade, in the total number of enterprises by type of sale; 2) have a website; 3) buy cloud computing services. It was found that of the analyzed number of Ukrainian enterprises that carried out electronic trade, the first place took enterprises in the field of information and communication technologies (9.5%), the second place – enterprises in the field of information and telecommunications. (9%), and the third – from the production of electrical equipment (8.2%). It has been proven that the successful operation of enterprises directly depends on the ability to make effective management decisions based on information generated in the information support system of enterprise management. In addition, it has been proven that in the era of digitalization, for the formation of proper information support, it is necessary to: 1) create and develop special data banks; 2) have special technical means and software products for working with large volumes of information; 3) making effective management decisions based on their processing.
    Date: 2022–12–14
  4. By: Ewa Cukrowska-Torzewska (University of Warsaw, Faculty of Economic Science); Anna Matysiak (University of Warsaw, Faculty of Economic Science); Agnieszka Kasperska (University of Warsaw, Faculty of Economic Science)
    Abstract: This article examines how men and women exploited the work location flexibility enabled by ICT in the context of their family obligations prior to the Covid-19 pandemic. We use the 2015 European Working Conditions Survey for 30 European countries and estimate a set of multinomial logistic regression models, with the dependent variable measuring the frequency of home-based work. We find that when using ICT at work, men were more likely to work from home, both occasionally and more frequently whereas women were more likely to engage in sporadic home-based work but less likely to do so frequently. These results are particularly true for parents, except for single mothers of young children. As single mothers cannot rely on partners’ support in combining paid work and care, the advantages of home-based telework (time savings, flexible time organization) outweigh the negative consequences of this work arrangement.
    Keywords: family, gender, home-based telework, ICT use, remote work, teleworkers
    JEL: J12 J13 J16 J21
    Date: 2022
  5. By: Gashaw T. Abate; Tanguy Bernard (BSE - Bordeaux Sciences Economiques - UB - Université de Bordeaux - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Simrin Makhija; David J. Spielman
    Abstract: Despite enthusiasm around applications of information and communications technologies (ICTs) to smallholder agriculture in many lower-income countries, there are still many questions on the effectiveness of ICT-based approaches. This study assesses the impacts of video-mediated agricultural extension service provision on farmers' adoption of improved agricultural technologies and practices in Ethiopia using data from a two-year randomized experiment. Our results show that the video-mediated extension approach significantly increases uptake of recommended technologies and practices by improving extension access and farmer knowledge. Specifically, we find that video-mediated extension reaches a wider audience than the government's conventional extension approach and leads to higher levels of farmer understanding and uptake of the subject technologies in those locations randomly assigned to the program. While our results also point to greater extension access and greater knowledge among female spouses in locations where both male and female spouses were targeted by the program, we do not find clear evidence that a more inclusive approach translates into higher uptake of the subject technologies. Finally, we find that the video-mediated approach becomes less costly as the scale of operation increases.
    Keywords: Agricultural extension, ICT, Video-based extension, Crop management, Ethiopia
    Date: 2023–01–01
  6. By: Sakib, S M Nazmuz
    Abstract: Advances in new technologies have disrupted the business environment with increased access to information and communication tools that cause a shift from traditional brick-and-motor business to online business models. These changes have impacted the way products and services are marketed. Importantly, creation of value in marketing has changed consistent with the live experience dynamic in the new business environment. The aim of the present evaluation, therefore, is to assess the potential of experiential marketing in the digital era in the process of value creation in online businesses. In the process, a mixed-methods research was conducted guided by a pragmatist epistemology and abductive logic in the evaluation of secondary qualitative and quantitative data sourced from online journal data repositories. Using descriptive and thematic analyses, the study demonstrated the capacity of experiential marketing in the development of a marketing strategy recognizing the importance of interaction between customers, and products or services, the mediating role of live experience on online customer behavior, particularly customer satisfaction and customer loyalty in the development of business-customer relationships.
    Date: 2021–12–29
  7. By: Gayá, Romina
    Abstract: This paper studies the digital payments landscape of B2C e-commerce marketplaces in Latin America and the Caribbean. It presents the main characteristics of different digital payment methods, as well as their advantages and disadvantages. It also examines how digital payments contribute to financial inclusion and it describes the global and regional trends and prospects. It presents the main findings of an exhaustive analysis of payment methods accepted by more than 550 transactional marketplaces in 33 countries in LAC. It also examines the main obstacles to development of digital payments in LAC, especially regarding cross-border e-commerce, and proposes some initiatives to address those constraints.
    Date: 2022–12–07

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