nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2022‒09‒05
three papers chosen by
Marek Giebel
Universität Dortmund

  1. Adjustments of local labour markets to the COVID-19 crisis: The role of digitalisation and working-from-home By Ben Yahmed, Sarra; Berlingieri, Francesco; Brüll, Eduard
  2. Mobile internet, skills and structural transformation in Rwanda By Caldarola, Bernardo.; Grazzi, Marco.; Occelli, Martina.; Sanfilippo, Marco.
  3. A framework for evaluating the impact of Strategic Alignment and Projects Portfolios Management on the ICT investment process: Case of public organizations By Salah Jadda; Nawfal Acha; Hafid Barka

  1. By: Ben Yahmed, Sarra; Berlingieri, Francesco; Brüll, Eduard
    Abstract: Employment responses to the COVID-19 crisis differed widely across German local labour markets at the beginning of the pandemic, with differences in short-time work rates of up to 20 percentage points. We show that digital capital, and to a lesser extent working-from-home, were essential for the resilience of local labour markets. Using an empirical strategy that combines a difference-in-differences approach with propensity score weighting, we find that local exposure to digital capital reduced short-time work usage by up to 4 percentage points and the effect lasted for about 8 months. Working-from-home potential lowered short-time work rates, but only in local labour markets exposed to digital capital, and in the first four months of the pandemic when a strict lockdown was in place. Differences in unemployment rates across local labour markets were at most 2 percentage points and did not depend on digital capital or working-from-home potential.
    Keywords: COVID-19 crisis,Digitalisation,Employment,Information and communication technologies,Local labour markets,Short-time work,Working-from-home
    JEL: J21 O3 R12 R23
    Date: 2022
  2. By: Caldarola, Bernardo.; Grazzi, Marco.; Occelli, Martina.; Sanfilippo, Marco.
    Abstract: This paper examines the relationship between mobile internet, employment and structural transformation in Rwanda. Thanks to its ability to enable access to a wide range of ICT technologies, internet coverage has the potential to affect the dynamics and the composition of employment significantly. To demonstrate this, we have combined GSMA network coverage maps with individual-level information from national population censuses and labour force surveys, creating a district-level dataset of Rwanda that covers the period 2002 to 2019. Our results show that an increase in mobile internet coverage affects the labour market in two ways. First, by increasing employment opportunities. Second, by contributing to changes in the composition of the labour market. Education, migration and shifts in demand are all instrumental in explaining our findings.
    Keywords: Internet, technological change, employment, labour force survey, electronic network, labour market analysis, case study
    Date: 2022
  3. By: Salah Jadda (INPT - Institut National des Postes et Télécommunications [Rabat]); Nawfal Acha (INPT - Institut National des Postes et Télécommunications [Rabat]); Hafid Barka (INPT - Institut National des Postes et Télécommunications [Rabat])
    Abstract: Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) constitute a tool for strategic transformation, value creation, economic growth and the development of public and private organizations. ICT spending represents a very important part of the investment budget in public organizations. Research has shown that value creation related to these investments can take place only if good IT governance is established using appropriate ICT Strategic Alignment (SA) and Project Portfolio Management (MPP) approaches. The aim of this article is to help shed light on how SA and MPP techniques affect ICT investment decision-making and have a decisive influence on performance. Therefore, we propose a framework to measure the impact of the SA and the ICT PPM on both rational decision-making on ICT investments, as well as on the reduction of the behaviors effect linked to personal interests during the choices of investments, innovation and procedures simplification.
    Abstract: Les Technologies de l'Information et de Communication (TIC) constituent un outil de transformation stratégique, de création de valeur, de croissance économique et du développement des organisations publiques et privées. Les dépenses relatives aux TIC représentent une part très importante du budget d'investissement des organisations publiques. Les recherches ont montré que la création de valeurs relatives à ces investissements ne peut avoir lieu que si on instaure une bonne gouvernance des TIC en utilisant des approches adéquates d'Alignement Stratégique (AS) des TIC et de Management de Portefeuille de Projets (MPP). L'objectif de cet article est d'éclaircir comment les techniques d'AS et de MPP affectent les prises de décision en investissement TIC et ont une influence déterminante sur la performance. Ainsi, nous proposons un cadre qui mesure l'impact de l'AS et du MPP des TIC sur la prise de décisions rationnelles concernant les investissements TIC, sur la réduction de l'effet des comportements liés aux intérêts personnels lors des choix des investissements, sur l'innovation et sur la simplification des procédures.
    Date: 2021

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