nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2022‒05‒30
five papers chosen by
Marek Giebel
Universität Dortmund

  1. Determinants of Smart Digital Infrastructure Diffusion for Urban Public Services By Bhaskar Choudhuri; Praveen Ranjan Srivastava; Shivam Gupta; Ajay Kumar; Surajit Bag
  2. On the Generalizability of Using Mobile Devices to Conduct Economic Experiments By Yiting Guo; Jason Shachat; Matthew J. Walker; Lijia Wei
  3. What COVID-19 May Leave Behind: Technology-Related Job Postings in Canada By Bellatin, Alejandra; Galassi, Gabriela
  4. Supporting policies addressing the digital skills gap – Identifying priority groups in the context of employment By Clara Centeno; Zbigniew Karpinski; Cesira Urzi Brancati
  5. Supervisor expectations regarding work-related messages: Their differential effects among remote and on-site workers By Nicolas Gillet; Alexandre J.S. Morin; Stéphanie Austin; Tiphaine Huyghebaert-Zouaghi; Claude Fernet

  1. By: Bhaskar Choudhuri (EM - emlyon business school); Praveen Ranjan Srivastava; Shivam Gupta (EM - emlyon business school); Ajay Kumar (EM - emlyon business school); Surajit Bag
    Abstract: Government of India's ‘Digital India' initiative intends to build robust digital ecosystem that fosters innovation & entrepreneurship enabling better citizen service & citizen empowerment. Digitization in India involves geo-demographic & socio-economic dependency, choice of smart technologies undergoing rapid innovation, strategic roll-out planning & flawless implementation as prerequisite of technology diffusion & benefit realization. This study identifies technical & non-technical determinants of smart digital framework roll out that can accelerate digital diffusion in urban public services in India. This study follows inductive exploratory method, combining grounded theory & text mining for primary data analysis. Study reveals digitization is an ecosystem of private & public enterprises and citizen participation, identifies integrated use analytics & IoT can enable connected smart city, whereas technology cost, digital literacy & sustainable innovation as non-technological determinant towards resilient urban digital infrastructure in India.
    Date: 2021–12–01
  2. By: Yiting Guo (Economics & Management School, Wuhan University); Jason Shachat (Durham University); Matthew J. Walker (Newcastle University Business School); Lijia Wei (Wuhan University)
    Abstract: Recent technological advances enable the implementation of online, field and hybrid experiments using mobile devices. Mobile devices enable sampling of incentivized decisions in more representative samples, consequently increasing the generalizability of results. Generalizability might be compromised, however, if the device is a relevant behavioural confound. This paper reports on a battery of common economic games and decision-making tasks in which we systematically randomize the decision-making device (computer versus mobile phone) and the laboratory setup (physical versus online). The results offer broad support for conducting decision experiments using mobile devices. For six out of eight tasks, we find robust null results in terms of average treatment effects and variability. This should give researchers confidence to conduct studies out-of-laboratory via mobile phones. However, we find two caveats. First, with respect to decisions, subjects using a mobile phone are significantly more risk averse and offer less during bargaining. Second, decision response times and the time taken to read instructions are significantly shorter for the online-mobile treatment. These caveats suggest the importance of ensuring device consistency across treatments in the digital age of experimentation.
    Keywords: mobile phone, digitization, methodology, experiment, generalizability
    JEL: C90 C93 C70
    Date: 2022
  3. By: Bellatin, Alejandra (University of Toronto); Galassi, Gabriela (Bank of Canada)
    Abstract: We use data from online job postings listed on a job board to study how the demand for jobs linked to new technologies during the COVID-19 crisis responded to pandemic mitigation policies. We classify job postings into a standard occupation classification, using text analytics, and we group occupations according to their involvement in the production and use of digital technologies. We leverage the variation in the stringency of containment policies over time and across provinces. We find that when policies become more stringent, job postings in occupations that are related to digital infrastructure or that allow for remote work fare relatively better than postings in more traditional occupations. Job postings for positions in occupations with low risk of automation recover faster during reopenings than postings for more traditional occupations. Occupations typically populated by disadvantaged groups (e.g., women and low-wage workers) gather relatively few job postings if they are not linked to new technologies. We also find that cities with scarce pre-pandemic job postings related to digital technologies post fewer job ads overall when policies become more stringent.
    Keywords: COVID-19, job vacancies, technology adoption
    JEL: J23 J24 O14
    Date: 2022–04
  4. By: Clara Centeno (European Commission - JRC); Zbigniew Karpinski (European Commission - JRC); Cesira Urzi Brancati (European Commission - JRC)
    Abstract: In a context of deficiency of digital skills in Europe to respond to the needs of the labour market, this report analyses the most recent data from Eurostat, OECD and CEDEFOP that refer to the digital skills gap in contexts of employment. In doing so it makes an attempt to clarify the differences between the existing data sets (relative to different methodological approaches) and concludes upon which would be the highest priority groups to take into account in those policies that seek to increase digital skills, providing a set of policy design recommendations. With this research we aim to bring some light to the two questions – 1. which type of gaps exist and 2. which would be the priority target groups for policy action – and through these, support several of the latest Digital Decade targets on digital skills also mentioned in the European Social Pillar Action Plan; the European Skills Agenda actions, including Action 2: Strengthening skills intelligence; Action 3: EU support for strategic national upskilling action; and Action 6: The Commission support to digital skills for all; and the Digital Education Action Plan, Priority 2, Enhancing digital skills and competences for the digital transformation.
    Keywords: digital skills gap, skilling policies, digital divide
    Date: 2022–04
  5. By: Nicolas Gillet (QualiPsy - E.E. 1901 - Qualité de vie et Santé psychologique [Tours] - UT - Université de Tours, IUF - Institut Universitaire de France - M.E.N.E.S.R. - Ministère de l'Education nationale, de l’Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche); Alexandre J.S. Morin (Concordia University [Montreal]); Stéphanie Austin (UQTR - Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières); Tiphaine Huyghebaert-Zouaghi (C2S - Cognition, Santé, Société - SFR CAP Santé (Champagne-Ardenne Picardie Santé) - URCA - Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne - UPJV - Université de Picardie Jules Verne - MSH-URCA - Maison des Sciences Humaines de Champagne-Ardenne - URCA - Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne - URCA - Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne, QualiPsy - E.E. 1901 - Qualité de vie et Santé psychologique [Tours] - UT - Université de Tours); Claude Fernet (UQTR - Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières)
    Abstract: Purpose Research suggests that supervisor expectations regarding the need to respond quickly to work-related messages (SE) tend to be positively related to employees' levels of emotional exhaustion. In the present research paper, the authors examine the indirect – through emotional exhaustion – effects of these expectations on employees' levels of family satisfaction, life satisfaction and sleep quality. They also explore whether and how these associations differ between employees working on-site ( n = 158) or remotely ( n = 284). Design/methodology/approach A total of 442 employees completed an online survey that covered measures on SE, emotional exhaustion, family and life satisfaction and sleep quality. Findings As hypothesized, the results of the study revealed that the indirect effects of SE on family satisfaction, life satisfaction and sleep quality were significantly mediated by emotional exhaustion. Finally, the relations between SE and the mediator (emotional exhaustion) were stronger among employees working on-site than among employees working remotely. Practical implications SE prevention could be encouraged to decrease employees' emotional exhaustion, in turn increasing their sleep quality, family satisfaction and life satisfaction. Originality/value These results revealed that working remotely helped buffer the undesirable effects of SE on emotional exhaustion.
    Keywords: Supervisor pressure,communication technologies,burnout,satisfaction,sleep,mediation,moderation,remote working
    Date: 2022

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