nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2021‒04‒05
six papers chosen by
Marek Giebel
Universität Dortmund

  1. Rethinking open government as innovation for inclusive development: Open access, data and ICT in South Africa By Plantinga, Paul; Adams, Rachel Margaret
  2. Impact of technological progress on carbon emissions in different country income groups By Chris Belmert Milindi; Roula Inglesi-Lotz
  3. Information Device Efficiency Study, Perceived Utility to Fulfillment of Users of Internet Networks by Quality of Service and Effect on Public Service Satisfaction By Umanailo, M Chairul Basrun
  4. Global Economic Discruption and Companies in Indonesia By Loanoto, Vincent Indrakusuma
  5. Determinants of Organizational Performance in Trade Associations: Evidence from Professional Bodies in Nigeria By Kehinde Emeni, Francis; M. Ajide, Folorunsho; Ogunnoiki, Oludaisi; Akande, Solomon; Adeshola, Adeniyi; Abiahu, Mary-Fidelis; Adebayo, Odunayo
  6. Lease or sale: When a durable goods monopolist can choose supply chain's openness By Hiroshi Kitamura; Noriaki Matsushima; Misato Sato

  1. By: Plantinga, Paul; Adams, Rachel Margaret
    Abstract: Open government has come to be closely associated with innovation for inclusive development (IID). These two areas of practice and research have converged around similar mechanisms aimed at achieving inclusive development outcomes including; open interaction between government, technologists and end-users in the design of policies and services; open, market-oriented approaches to delivering public services and meeting the needs of citizens; and a central role for information and communication technologies (ICTs) in policy development and innovation activities. We argue, however, that an uncritical adoption of open, ICT-oriented practices risks shifting responsibility and trust for governance and development outcomes to largely unaccountable global and national network enterprises. Taking South Africa as our primary focus, including its new White Paper on Science, Technology and Innovation (STI), we note a renewed interest in adopting open government practices in relation to IID. More significant, we suggest, is the emergence of ‘grassroots’, hybrid civic-technology innovation networks at the fringes of formal open government initiatives. This article considers new questions that arise around how these grassroots movements sustain meaningful interaction with mainstream STI processes, how public officials may engage with such movements in order to meet national development outcomes, and the role of ICT in these spaces.
    Date: 2019–12–09
  2. By: Chris Belmert Milindi (Department of Economics, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa); Roula Inglesi-Lotz (Department of Economics, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa)
    Abstract: This study examines the complex relationship between carbon emissions and technological progress in a sample of 60 countries, divided into four categories based on their per capita income between the periods of 1989-2018. For robustness purposes and due to the broad definition of technology, we use six different proxies to represent technology; namely: Information and telecommunication technology (ICT); patents; public R&D expenditure; total factor of productivity (TFP); and a number of science and technology publications. After applying the fixed-effect method with Driscoll and Kraay standard errors, for the full sample, the results show that the ICT variables are a good instrument for carbon abatement, while R&D expenditure and patents do not have a clear impact on carbon emissions, TFP increases carbon emissions, and science and technology publications are negatively related to carbon emissions. The impact of the indicators on the various income levels groups of countries vary which has significant policy implications.
    Keywords: Technological progress, Income groups, rebound effect, fixed effect methodology with Driscoll and Kraay standards errors
    JEL: O30 O32 C23 Q56
    Date: 2021–03
  3. By: Umanailo, M Chairul Basrun (Universitas Iqra Buru)
    Abstract: The purpose of this study is to assess and evaluate how the satisfactory condition of rural communities and online programs is incorporated into society to develop information technology in West Sulawesi. The survey was conducted at the Information, Information, and Information Office of the West Sulawesi Area from June to July 2020. The sample used method is mainly focused on the sampling of all workers employed in the Contact Office. And the details of the district. West Sulawesi is dedicated to introducing a satisfactory method of the census and data collection utilizing a questionnaire. The Likert scale is the analysis instrument used in this research. The empirical approach is the detailed methodology used in this analysis—a review of the interaction between one and the other. This analysis demonstrates that Consistency of Information Technology and Consumer Engagement have an impact on Service Quality, Software Technology Usability, User Retention, and Quality. Services that have a positive and meaningful effect on online consumer loyalty, Office Knowledge Status and User Interface have a significant role in online customer satisfaction and standard of service.
    Date: 2021–03–10
  4. By: Loanoto, Vincent Indrakusuma
    Abstract: The uncertainty of the global economy has caused many companies in Indonesia to carry outbusiness transformation, especiallyby generating new values in all aspects of performance, increasing and companies being able to survive in the market by obtaining positive benefits.As well as transforming human resources,by managing these human resources, especially if there are employees who experience threats from external parties.Information technology, which continues to evolve, has become a driving factor for the success of companies to carry out transformation.
    Date: 2021–03–16
  5. By: Kehinde Emeni, Francis (University of Benin, Benin City.); M. Ajide, Folorunsho (Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nigeria (ICAN), Lagos); Ogunnoiki, Oludaisi (Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nigeria (ICAN), Lagos); Akande, Solomon (Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nigeria (ICAN), Lagos); Adeshola, Adeniyi (Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nigeria (ICAN), Lagos); Abiahu, Mary-Fidelis (Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nigeria (ICAN), Lagos); Adebayo, Odunayo (Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nigeria (ICAN), Lagos)
    Abstract: This study examines the determinants of organizational performance in trade associations with specific reference to professional bodies in Nigeria. Based on a purposive sampling framework, 10 professional bodies in Nigeria were selected as sample for the study. The procedure was adopted because of paucity of data that cover the area of interest. Seventy-five questionnaires were administered on the sampled professional bodies, and data collected were analysed using multiple regression with the aid of Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 25. Findings indicate that stakeholders' relation, public perception and effectiveness of strategic planning play vital roles in shaping the performance of an organization. Specifically, the results show that all these variables are significant and positively impact professional bodies performance. This result has important implication for professional bodies, in that professional bodies stand to benefit from a good relation with its stakeholders. It is therefore recommended amongst others that professional bodies should ensure professional competence by ensuring increase in sense of belonging and satisfaction that accompanies stakeholders' good relation to their professional bodies.
    Keywords: information technology; human resources; customer relation; stakeholders perception
    Date: 2021–03–22
  6. By: Hiroshi Kitamura; Noriaki Matsushima; Misato Sato
    Abstract: We construct a two-period model of the supply chain's openness in a durable goods market by introducing two marketing modes: leasing and selling. Given a marketing mode, at the beginning of the first period, an incumbent supplier and the downstream monopolist choose one of the trading modes: (i) a two-period exclusive supply chain or (ii) an open supply chain, allowing the downstream monopolist to trade with an efficient supplier in the second period. We show that the downstream monopolist always chooses the open supply chain in the leasing mode, although the exclusive supply chain is attainable in the selling mode if the incumbent supplier's efficiency is high. Moreover, when we allow the downstream monopolist to choose the marketing mode endogenously before the first period, it chooses the selling mode if the incumbent supplier's efficiency is low; otherwise, it chooses the leasing mode. Regardless of the chosen marketing mode, the open supply chain always occurs on the equilibrium path, implying that the recent advancement of ICT to enhance leasing may discourage choosing the exclusive supply chain.
    Date: 2021–03

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