nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2020‒01‒06
seven papers chosen by
Marek Giebel
Universität Dortmund

  1. How Broadband Internet Affects Labor Market Matching By Bhuller, Manudeep; Kostøl, Andreas; Vigtel, Trond Christian
  2. Searching for Answers : The Impact of Student Access to Wikipedia By Derksen, Laura; Leclerc, Catherine Michaud; Souza, Pedro CL
  3. An assessment of impact of information and communication technology in enterprızes of Korça region By Rafail Prodani; Jozef Bushati; Aigars Andersons
  4. An Empirical Study on Online Reading and Incidental Vocabulary Acquisition By JING QIAN
  5. Getting Old Is No Picnic? Sector-Specific Relationship Between Workers Age and Firm Productivity By Konstantins Benkovskis; Olegs Tkacevs
  6. Examining Fresh Graduates’ Perception of Employability in the Information Technology Industry in Vietnam By Sciences, Research Coach in Social; Dinh, Ngoan-Thi; Hiep, Pham Hung
  7. Visualizing the Evolving Fit of Education and Economy: The Case of ICT Education in Norway By Marco Capasso; Michael Spjelkavik Mark

  1. By: Bhuller, Manudeep (Dept. of Economics, University of Oslo); Kostøl, Andreas (W.P. Carey School of Business); Vigtel, Trond Christian (Frisch Centre)
    Abstract: How the internet affects job matching is not well understood due to a lack of data on job vacancies and quasi-experimental variation in internet use. This paper helps fill this gap using plausibly exogenous roll-out of broadband infrastructure in Norway, and comprehensive data on recruiters, vacancies and job seekers. We document that broadband expansions increased online vacancy-postings and lowered the average duration of a vacancy and the share of establishments with unfilled vacancies. These changes led to higher job-finding rates and starting wages and more stable employment relationships after an unemployment-spell. Consequently, our calculations suggest that the steady-state unemployment rate fell by as much as one-fifth.
    Keywords: Unemployment; Information; Job Search; Matching
    JEL: D83 J63 J64 L86
    Date: 2019–12–19
  2. By: Derksen, Laura (University of Toronto); Leclerc, Catherine Michaud (University of Toronto); Souza, Pedro CL (University of Warwick)
    Abstract: Young people across the developing world are gaining access to the internet. Can schools introduce the internet in a way that promotes reading and learning? We provide Wikipedia access to a random subset of secondary school students in Malawian boarding schools. This setting is unique: students otherwise have limited study resources and no internet access. Students used Wikipedia intensively, and found it accessible and trustworthy. They developed a preference for Wikipedia over other online sources, including for information about news events and safe sex. We find a large impact on English final exam scores (.11 standard deviations), especially for low achievers (.21 standard deviations). Students also used Wikipedia to study for Biology, and exam scores increased for low achievers (.17 standard deviations). Our result simply that Wikipedia is a source of simple and engaging reading material,and can improve English language skills. It is also a source of accessible study material that increases study time productivity for low achievers.
    JEL: I21 I28 O15
    Date: 2019
  3. By: Rafail Prodani (Fan Noli University); Jozef Bushati (University of Shkodër "Luigj Gurakuqi"); Aigars Andersons (Vidzeme University of Applied Sciences)
    Abstract: Ever-evolving and increasingly powerful Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have fundamentally changed the nature of global relationships, sources of competitive advantage and opportunities for economic and social development. ICTs have greatly increased the impact on every area of human life. Technologies such as the Internet, personal computers and wireless have turned the globe into a network of individuals, businesses, governments, and ever-growing schools who communicate and interact with one another. Without doubt ICTs plays a strategic role in managing organizations. This paper presents a part of the current state of ICTs for enterprises by establishing comparative bases for further studies in this field. It also helps academic institutions to evaluate and identify factors, as well as the specific role and weight of these factors have in the process of developing ICTs towards a developed economy and society in the context of digital Albania. It is presented as a scientific analyse, accomplished, detailed and expressed in percentage and graphical analysis of a number of very important data sets of enterprises in their full form, to unlock developments in the field of ICTs in our country, including specific ones based on concrete data. This study tends to study the extent to which these but have involved ICTs and what impact these technologies have in the daily work of these organizations in part of Albania (Korca Region)and brings its contribution as a perspective of literature, experience and international studies, the level of development of our country regarding the assessment of electronic readiness of business organizations.
    Keywords: e-readiness,businesses organizations,information and communication technologies,Internet,impact
    Date: 2019–12–15
  4. By: JING QIAN (Nanjing University of Aeronautics & Astronautics)
    Abstract: Vocabulary learning is very important for L2 learners, and researchers have agreed that some of L2 learners? vocabulary is acquired incidentally. Extensive reading is an effective way to achieve incidental vocabulary acquisition. With college English teaching reform being carried out, the teaching mold has changed from teacher-centered to learner-centered. The new model should be built on modern information technology, particularly network technology. With the spring up of Internet-based L2 learning, the author is curious about whether online reading is better than common reading in terms of incidental vocabulary acquisition. After an experiment, the author analyses data and draws a conclusion that online reading can help the L2 learners have more IVA and teaching strategies have influence on students? IVA from online reading.
    Keywords: online reading; incidental vocabulary acquisition; teaching
    Date: 2019–10
  5. By: Konstantins Benkovskis (Bank of Latvia); Olegs Tkacevs (Bank of Latvia)
    Abstract: This study provides new evidence on sector-specific differences in the age-productivity profiles in a country that has witnessed substantial shifts in the economic structure and features flexible labour market and high labour force participation among the elderly. Using a matched employer–employee dataset of Latvian firms, the paper unveils a conventional hump-shaped or downward sloping relationship in manufacturing and trade, but almost no or very small negative effect of ageing workforce in knowledge-intensive service sectors that largely employ high-skilled white-collar employees. The results suggest that investing in human capital, in particular training of elderly employees as well as addressing severe skill shortages in the ICT services sector have to be considered to reduce the downward pressure of ageing on firm performance. It also highlights the importance of efforts made by public institutions in improving health care and promoting healthier lifestyles to increase the number of healthy life years.
    Keywords: firm productivity, ageing population, age-productivity profile
    JEL: C23 L25
    Date: 2019–11–04
  6. By: Sciences, Research Coach in Social; Dinh, Ngoan-Thi; Hiep, Pham Hung
    Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to explore the perception of Information Technology (IT) fresh graduates on employability in Vietnam. The research is based on primary data from responses in in-depth interviews from 10 fresh graduates working in the IT industry for at least 3 months. A generic qualitative approach and the employability framework of Hillage & Pollard guide this research. Interview protocol is also provided for semi-structured interviews. The findings show a strong awareness of employability among fresh graduates in terms of the assets they own like knowledge, skill, attitudes; deployment; presentation; and context of the labor market. However, the findings also point out a huge area of knowledge and soft skills which need improvement to enhance graduates’ employability. They are advanced IT knowledge, cross-sector knowledge, and a lot of soft skills such as presentation skill, communication skill, management skill, problem solving skill, logical and critical thinking skill, self-study skill, information search-skill, asking question skill, foreign language skill, and adaptation skill. The study provides valuable implications to employers, educators and new young employees in fresh graduates’ employability enhancement by pointing out weak areas for improvement.
    Date: 2019–09–05
  7. By: Marco Capasso; Michael Spjelkavik Mark
    Abstract: Our study suggests a pattern of methodological steps aimed at an efficient visualization of the fit between an education and an economy. The steps help to detect cross-sectoral skills, originating in a given education path, and to connect them to the evolution of the labour market. Our procedure utilizes statistics derived from labour flows and builds upon the recent scientific literature on skill-relatedness. As an empirical application, we analyse the fit of ICT higher education with the Norwegian economy, using data on intersectoral labour flows (years 2009-2017). Our procedure is then used to analyze the Norwegian job market for ICT-educated people, suggesting the existence of cross-sectoral ICT skill-relatedness which could explain the ongoing dynamics. With the methodological steps we identify sectors linked to the ''ICT-sector'' as being a skill hub, but also find links to public sector, suggesting the public sector being attractive to ICT-educated people, and links to other skill-related communities containing higher education and R&D as well as data analysis and processing. Finally, the methodology identifies skill-related communities, such as finance and offshore, which are isolated, in terms of skill-relatedness, from the rest of the economy and appear to be islands in the Norwegian economy.
    Keywords: Labour flows; Skill relatedness; Economic complexity; Capabilities; Industrial dynamics.
    Date: 2019–12–28

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