nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2018‒11‒12
five papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
Universität Wien

  1. Digital Divide in India: A District Level Study By Atulan Guha
  2. Broadband Internet and Social Capital By Geraci, Andrea; Nardotto, Mattia; Reggiani, Tommaso G.; Sabatini, Fabio
  3. A simple application for network stegonagraphy By Resul Da?; Gurkan Tuna
  4. Information Technology Project with Augmented Reality By Sakauwrat Jongpattanakorn
  5. Cross-border or Online -- Tax Competition with Mobile Consumers under Destination and Origin Principle By Birg, Laura

  1. By: Atulan Guha (Indian Institute of Management Kashipur)
    Abstract: Despite very rapid increase in the use of information and communication technology (ICT) in India, there is a substantive level of inequality in use of digital technology exists in India. We have estimated the extent of digital inequality across the rural-urban divide, across the economic classes and across the political-geographic regions in the form of States and districts. Further, we have estimated the demand equation for ICT instrument for the household aggregated at the district level. In the process of estimating this equation, we have tried to identify the reasons for this inequality by analysing household characteristics. The estimation of the demand equation has been done by using the population census data of 2011. We found inequality of economic conditions of household, education, occupation profile, social disadvantage in the form of Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe are the prime reason for this digital divide.
    Keywords: Digital-Divide, India, Inequality
    JEL: O33 O53 O15
    Date: 2018–07
  2. By: Geraci, Andrea (University of Oxford); Nardotto, Mattia (KU Leuven); Reggiani, Tommaso G. (Masaryk University); Sabatini, Fabio (Sapienza University of Rome)
    Abstract: We study how the diffusion of broadband Internet affects social capital using two data sets from the UK. Our empirical strategy exploits the fact that broadband access has long depended on customers' position in the voice telecommunication infrastructure that was designed in the 1930s. The actual speed of an Internet connection, in fact, rapidly decays with the distance of the dwelling from the specific node of the network serving its area. Merging unique information about the topology of the voice network with geocoded longitudinal data about individual social capital, we show that access to broadband Internet caused a significant decline in forms of offline interaction and civic engagement. Overall, our results suggest that broadband penetration substantially crowded out several aspects of social capital.
    Keywords: ICT, broadband infrastructure, networks, Internet, social capital, civic capital
    JEL: C91 D9 D91 Z1
    Date: 2018–09
  3. By: Resul Da? (F?rat University); Gurkan Tuna (Trakya University)
    Abstract: The Internet has changed the paradigm of traditional circuit switch network largely. The services and applications have been created by the network users themselves. This paradigm shift is one of the main sources of the tremendous success of the Internet. On the other hand, although the Internet has created many new possibilities and opportunities, communication through the Internet is subject to many security risks. In this paper, we propose a simple application to transfer sensitive data securely and present its details. The application we propose secures the exchange of sensitive data by relying on network steganography. When the users input data at the application?s interface, the data is hidden in IP packets before transmission so that it cannot be obtained by malicious users. Since the required libraries are more stable and can be easily found on the Linux platform, the application was developed for the Linux platform.
    Keywords: Sensitive data, Data confidentiality, Steganography, Application.
    JEL: L86 C88
    Date: 2018–07
  4. By: Sakauwrat Jongpattanakorn (Kasertsart University)
    Abstract: This research aimed to study and design information technology project with Augmented Reality for learning and teaching. It was a case study. The sample group was 8 students who studied the special problem course and 20 users were used to evaluate the systems. The methods of data collection were questionnaires and information technology projects. The key performance indicators in this study included 8 information technology systems, usability of system, the accuracy and completeness of system. The instruments used in this study were: time to develop information system and evaluate users? document. The data were analyzed by mean and standard deviation. The results of this research found that 6 information technology systems submitted in time and 2 information technology systems had been delayed for one month. For the system evaluation, it was found that the mean score of systems acceptance was 4.25 and the standard deviation was 0.15. The students and users expressed positive attitudes towards instruments of learning and information technology systems.
    Keywords: Information Technology Project, AR, Augmented Reality Project
    JEL: I29 O32 C63
    Date: 2018–07
  5. By: Birg, Laura
    Abstract: This paper studies the effect of an online retailer on spatial tax competition with mobile consumers. If taxation for online purchases follows the destination principle, in many cases, the entry of the online retailer mitigates tax competition. If taxation for online purchases follows the origin principle, the entry of the online retailer typically enhances tax competition. Cooperation between government reverses this effect. For sufficiently low (high) online shopping costs, welfare in the online retailer’s home country is higher under the origin (destination) principle, while welfare in the other country is higher under the destination (origin) principle. Global welfare is higher under the destination principle.
    Keywords: tax competition,cross-border shopping,online retailer,destination principle,origin principle
    JEL: F12 H20 L13
    Date: 2018

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