nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2018‒07‒16
four papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
Universität Wien

  1. Do Digital Information Technologies Help Unemployed Job Seekers Find a Job? Evidence from the Broadband Internet Expansion in Germany By Gürtzgen, Nicole; Nolte, André; Pohlan, Laura; van den Berg, Gerard J.
  2. Can citizens transform companies? Monitoring of the online reputation of companies by consumers By Santiago Rosado I Orquín
  3. Secure personal data administration in the social networks: the case of voluntary sharing of personal data on the Facebook By Tadas Limba; Aurimas Šidlauskas
  4. Net Neutrality, Prioritization and the Impact of Content Delivery Networks By Baake, Pio; Sudaric, Slobodan

  1. By: Gürtzgen, Nicole (Institute for Employment Research (IAB), Nuremberg); Nolte, André (ZEW Mannheim); Pohlan, Laura (University of Mannheim); van den Berg, Gerard J. (University of Bristol)
    Abstract: This paper studies effects of the introduction of a new digital mass medium on reemployment of unemployed job seekers. We combine data on high-speed (broadband) internet availability at the local level with individual register data on the unemployed in Germany. We address endogeneity by exploiting technological peculiarities in the network that affected the roll-out of high-speed internet. The results show that high-speed internet improves reemployment rates after the first months of the unemployment spell. This is confirmed by complementary analysis with individual survey data suggesting that online job search leads to additional formal job interviews after a few months in unemployment.
    Keywords: unemployment, online job search, information frictions, matching technology, search channels
    JEL: J64 K42 H40 L96 C26
    Date: 2018–05
  2. By: Santiago Rosado I Orquín (Department of of Business Administration and Marketing, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón, Spain)
    Abstract: The objective of this research is to see how in a new social context, the network society, a consequence of the 3rd Industrial Revolution or ICT revolution, a new relational model between business and the citizens is established. In this new digital context, companies see how it shapes around them, but not only for their performance, also for a long been known and widely studied intangible called Corporate Reputation. It has acquired a new dimension in the Internet environment, as an aggregation of impressions of different stakeholders of the companies. The new network society has tools for monitoring the actions of companies and it has the ability to communicate the results of this monitoring through tools such as social networks, the blogosphere and the called new journalism (citizen journalism or civic journalism). Establishing analogies with John Keane's Monitory Democracy, we examine whether this new relational model between the citizens and businesses affects the creation of Corporate Reputation of companies and if the changes in this intangible affect the economic results of companies. In this cyberspace, where economic and civic actors interact with each other using (more or less) the same tools, it is where we place the question this article tries to answer as to whether the citizens in the digital environment are able, through their actions and interactions, to monitor and influence firms’ reputation and, therefore, their functioning and their practices. Finally, three examples are included of reputational conditions for companies, as well as a brief analysis of the consequences.
    Keywords: Network society, Reputation, Social Responsibility, Monitoring
    JEL: M14 Z13 A13
    Date: 2018
  3. By: Tadas Limba (Mykolas Romeris University); Aurimas Šidlauskas (Mykolas Romeris University)
    Abstract: In view of the changes taking place in society, social progress and the achievements of science and technology, the protection of fundamental rights must be strengthened. The aim of the article is to analyse the principles and peculiarities of safe management of the personal data in social networks. In this scientific article, methods of document analysis, scientific literature review, case study and generalization are used. Consumers themselves decide how much and what kind of information to publicize on the Facebook social network. In order to use the third-party applications, users at the time of authorization must confirm that they agree to give access to their personal data otherwise the service will not be provided. Personal data of the Facebook user comprise his/her public profile including user's photo, age, gender, and other public information; a list of friends; e-mail mail; time zone records; birthday; photos; hobbies, etc. Which personal data will be requested from the user depends on the third-party application. Analysis of the legal protection of personal data in the internet social networks reveals that it is limited to the international and European Union legal regulation on protection of the personal data in the online social networks. Users who make publicly available a large amount of personal information on the Facebook social network should decide on the issue if they want to share that information with third parties for the use of their services (applications). This article presents a model for user and third party application interaction, and an analysis of risks and recommendations to ensure the security of personal data of the user.
    Keywords: security of the data,social network,personal data,third-party applications
    Date: 2018–03–30
  4. By: Baake, Pio (DIW Berlin); Sudaric, Slobodan (HU Berlin)
    Abstract: We analyze competition between Internet Service Providers (ISPs) where consumers demand heterogeneous content within two Quality-of-Service (QoS) regimes, Net Neutrality and Paid Prioritization, and show that paid prioritization increases the static efficiency compared to a neutral network. We also consider paid prioritization intermediated by Content Delivery Networks (CDNs). While the use of CDNs is welfare neutral, it results in higher consumer prices for internet access. Regarding incentives to invest in network capacity we show that discriminatory regimes lead to higher incentives than the neutral regime as long as capacity is scarce, while investment is highest in the presence of CDNs.
    Keywords: content delivery network; investment; net neutrality; prioritization;
    JEL: L13 L51 L96
    Date: 2018–06–25

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