nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2018‒06‒25
four papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
Universität Wien

  1. Percepția consumatorilor de internet asupra publicității online By Istrate, Flavia Andreea; Miroslav, Cristina Andreea; Olaru, Bianca Helene
  2. Health Information Systems in India: Challenges and way forward By Tripathi, Shruti; Sharma, Rachna; Nagarajan, Shyama
  3. Estimation of Nested and Zero-Inflated Ordered Probit Models By David Dale; Andrei Sirchenko
  4. From Revolving Doors to Regulatory Capture? Evidence from Patent Examiners By Haris Tabakovic; Thomas G. Wollmann

  1. By: Istrate, Flavia Andreea; Miroslav, Cristina Andreea; Olaru, Bianca Helene
    Abstract: Internetul s-a bucurat de o adevarata transformare de-a lungul timpului, odata cu dezvoltarea tehnologiilor, devenind in prezent cel mai folosit mediu de comunicare. Spre deosebire de media de comunicare traditionala, internetul a devenit, totodata, un important mediu de publicitate, datorita versalitilitatii, interactivitatii si posibilitatii de targhetare a consumatorilor relevanti. Articolul de fata, prezinta perceptia consumatorilor asupra publicitatii online, avand o baza teoretica si una practica, reprezentata de o cercetare realizata pe un esantion alcatuit din 50 de respondenti, utilizatori de internet, ce vor arata care sunt tendintele mediului publicitar la momentul actual in Romania. Cuvinte cheie: publicitate online, comportamentul consumatorului online, internet, targhetare, publicitate personalizată, publicitate mobilă
    Keywords: publicitate online, comportamentul consumatorului online, internet, targhetare, publicitate personalizată, publicitate mobilă
    JEL: A19
    Date: 2018–05–10
  2. By: Tripathi, Shruti; Sharma, Rachna; Nagarajan, Shyama
    Abstract: Universal Health Coverage (UHC) now endorsed by all UN member state as a part of their sustainable development goals, ushered in an era of improved governance and further development of health care systems. For the seamless functioning of health care systems and for their future development and sustainability, complete and reliable information is essential. The role of Health Information System (HIS) is to ensure recording, analysis, dissemination and use of re- liable and timely data by decision-makers at all levels of the health system. Information is used in a wide range of situations: when developing national strategies and plans; when monitoring progress against national priorities; or when responding to public health emergencies. Information is also needed for greater accountability for results. Given India's commitment to UHC, this paper explores the current HIS of India and understands its completeness and usefulness given the international standards. Article further describes various issues pertaining to data collection, definition, analysis and dissemination at national, sub-national and institutional level, where do India lags and what can be done to develop a seamless HIS for India.
    Keywords: health information system, review, challenges, solution, India, Andhra Pradesh
    JEL: I10 I15 I19
    Date: 2018–05–29
  3. By: David Dale (Yandex); Andrei Sirchenko (National Research University Higher School of Economics)
    Abstract: We introduce three new STATA commands, nop, ziop2 and ziop3, for the estimation of a three-part nested ordered probit model, the two-part zero-inflated ordered probit models of Harris and Zhao (2007, Journal of Econometrics 141: 1073-1099) and Brooks, Harris and Spencer (2012, Economics Letters 117: 683-686), and a three-part zero-inflated ordered probit model for ordinal outcomes, with both exogenous and endogenous switching. The three-part models allow the probabilities of positive, neutral (zero) and negative outcomes to be generated by distinct processes. The zero-inflated models address a preponderance of zeros and allow them to emerge in different latent regimes. We provide postestimation commands to compute probabilistic predictions and various measures of their accuracy, to access the goodness of fit, and to perform model comparison using the Vuong test (Vuong 1989, Econometrica 57: 307-333) with the corrections based on the Akaike and Schwarz information criteria. We investigate the finite-sample performance of the maximum likelihood estimators by Monte Carlo simulations, discuss the relations among the models, and illustrate the new commands with an empirical application to the U.S. federal funds rate target.
    Keywords: ordinal outcomes, zero inflation, nested ordered probit, zero-inflated ordered probit, endogenous switching, Vuong test, nop, ziop2, ziop3, federal funds rate target.
    JEL: Z
    Date: 2018
  4. By: Haris Tabakovic; Thomas G. Wollmann
    Abstract: Many regulatory agency employees are hired by the firms they regulate, creating a “revolving door” between government and the private sector. We study these transitions using detailed data from the US Patent and Trademark Office. We find that patent examiners grant significantly more patents to the firms that later hire them and that much of this leniency extends to prospective employers. These effects are strongest in years when firms are actively hiring, and these relationships hold for the intensive margin of intellectual property protection. Ultimately, this leads the agency to issue lower quality patents, which we measure in citations. Together with other supporting evidence, we argue these results are suggestive of regulatory capture.
    JEL: D72 K23 L51 O34
    Date: 2018–05

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