nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2018‒02‒05
six papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
Universität Wien

  1. The Effect of Personality Traits on Online Privacy Concern By Bruno Skrinjaric; Jelena Budak; Mateo Zokalj
  2. Do speed cameras save lives? By Tang, Cheng Keat
  3. Predicting Psychology Attributes of a Social Network User By Khayrullin, Rustem M.; Makarov, Ilya; Zhukov, Leonid E.
  4. Importance Degree of eHRM and its Impact on Various Administrative Levels in Palestinian Universities By Mazen J. Al Shobaki; Samy S. Abu Naser; Youssef M. Abu Amuna; Suliman A. El Talla
  5. Do-it-yourself digital: the production boundary and the productivity puzzle By Diane Coyle
  6. Crowding out in a Dual Currency Regime? Digital versus Fiat Currency By KiHoon Hong; Kyounghoon Park; Jongmin Yu

  1. By: Bruno Skrinjaric (The Institute of Economics, Zagreb); Jelena Budak (The Institute of Economics, Zagreb); Mateo Zokalj (University of Zagreb, Faculty of Economics and Business)
    Abstract: This paper examines personality traits as antecedents of online privacy concern. The aim of the research is to analyze if and how personal characteristics of Internet users affect their concern for privacy. The theoretical framework consisting of the Big Five theory of personality traits has been used to test the variations in online privacy concern. The model includes a range of other variables that might affect online privacy concern, such as sociodemographic factors, cultural values and computer literacy. The empirical analysis is based on survey data collected in 2016 on a large sample of 2,060 Internet users in Croatia. Results of both OLS and ordered probit estimations show that two personality trait dimensions, namely extraversion and neuroticism, significantly determine the level of online privacy concern. The more extraverted, i.e., more energetic and outgoing Internet user is less concerned about his/her online privacy, whilst the more neurotic one is more concerned. Privacy awareness, computer anxiety and previous (negative) experience were also observed as antecedents, all positively affecting the level of privacy concern of Internet users. The results of this research fill the gap in the underexplored area of personality traits and online privacy concern literature.
    Keywords: privacy concern, Internet, personality traits, survey
    JEL: A13 Z13
    Date: 2017–04
  2. By: Tang, Cheng Keat
    Abstract: I evaluate whether speed enforcement cameras reduce the number and severity of traffic accidents by penalizing drivers for exceeding speed limits. Relying on micro data on accidents and speed cameras across Great Britain, I find that installing these devices significantly enhance road safety. Putting another 1,000 cameras reduce around 1130 collisions, 330 serious injuries, and save 190 lives annually, generating net benefits of around £21 million. However, these effects are highly localised around the camera and dissipate over distance, and there is suggestive evidence of more collisions away from the camera, illustrating the possible limitations associated with fixed speed cameras
    Keywords: accidents; injuries; fatalities; speed camera; speeding
    JEL: H23 I18 R41
    Date: 2017–09–01
  3. By: Khayrullin, Rustem M.; Makarov, Ilya; Zhukov, Leonid E.
    Abstract: Nowadays, the number of people using social network site increases every day. The social networking sites, such as Facebook or Twitter, are sources of human interaction, where users are allowed to create and share their activities, thoughts and place di erent information about themselves. However, most of this information remains unnoticed. In this work, we propose a machine learning approach to predict Big-Five personality using information from users accounts from the social network. The predictions can be used in di erent areas such as psychology, business, marketing.
    Keywords: Social Networks, Machine Learning, Psychology, Big Five Personality, Shwartz Human Values
    JEL: D71 Z13
    Date: 2017–09–17
  4. By: Mazen J. Al Shobaki (Department of Information Technology - Al-Azhar University); Samy S. Abu Naser (Department of Information Technology - Al-Azhar University); Youssef M. Abu Amuna (Department of Information Technology - Al-Azhar University); Suliman A. El Talla
    Abstract: This study aims to identify the degree of importance of human resources management electronically and its impact on the different administrative levels in the Palestinian universities. The study population consists of the different administrative levels in the universities. The number of employees reached (239). The study sample consisted of (148) individuals from the different administrative levels and (35) from IT centers. The response rate was (84.31%). The researchers used the questionnaire as a tool for study and the analytical descriptive approach to achieve the objectives of the study. The SPSS program was used to analyze the study data. The results of the study showed that the clarity of the importance of human resources management electronically and the support of senior management are available and contribute greatly to the process of transition to electronic management in general and e-HRM in particular. There is clarity in the sample of the study of the importance of human resources management electronically, fully aware of their multiple benefits, this greatly helps to adopt and develop e-HRM and the development of the members of the study from the higher administrative levels and those who influence decision-making. The University's system of human resources management varies in different ways from one university to another and has a significant impact on human resources management electronically, and researchers explain this difference due to the different priorities of universities and their development plans and their material and human resources. The concept of e-management is a broad concept, encompassing several different electronic systems, and the transition to it requires extensive changes, from organizational structure to business processes. The most important electronic management systems that universities develop according to their need are electronic human resources systems. Universities also provide different means of communication with their employees using various ICT means such as e-mail and SMS. The use of e-HR forms is still very limited and greatly reduces e-HRM benefits. Self-service systems are not interrelated with pay and pay systems and researchers explain this because e-HRM systems are not complete at universities. Universities follow a strategy of combining traditional and electronic business, a positive indicator of the transition to e-management. The study reached several recommendations with the aim of benefiting from the promotion of the electronic management approach. The most important of these recommendations is the establishment of official and practical approaches to electronic administration and its systems. To keep abreast of the rapid changes in electronic management and ICT tools and means. The development of the administrative structure of universities commensurate with the process of change to electronic management. E-HRM development in universities, as they have a key role to play in the success of the transition to e-management. Expand the use of electronic forms to manage the affairs of employees to take advantage of its multiple advantages such as reducing expenses and reduce the time of completion of transactions. The adoption of internal electronic correspondence instead of paper, which contributes significantly to reduce administrative financial expenses, and the speed of completion of work. The integration of computerized management information systems and the linking of what is currently fully established as the beginning of a gradual transition to electronic management. For example, the pay system can be linked to the attendance system, self-service, or performance appraisal with the pay system.
    Keywords: Palestinian universities,higher education institutions,administrative levels,Electronically Human resources management
    Date: 2017
  5. By: Diane Coyle
    Abstract: Part of the debate about the ‘productivity puzzle’ concerns the potential mismeasurement of digital activities. Specific measurement adjustments explored in previous research appear not to make a quantitatively large difference to real GDP or productivity growth estimates. However, although these potential adjustments may be small individually, taken together they could be wide in scope and quantitatively significant. This paper sets out a taxonomy of the range of potential measurement artefacts arising from digital innovations. It also specifically considers digitally-enabled substitutions in activity across the production boundary. I argue that these, along with other substitutions occurring within the production boundary, go beyond the effects of digital considered in earlier research; and may be making a meaningful contribution to the productivity puzzle as measured on existing statistical definitions.
    Keywords: digital, production boundary, productivity
    JEL: E01 C82 O40
    Date: 2017–06
  6. By: KiHoon Hong (College of Business, Hongik University); Kyounghoon Park (Economic Research Institute, The Bank of Korea); Jongmin Yu (School of Economics, Hongik University)
    Abstract: In this paper, we analyse a dual currency regime with fiat currency and digital currency and investigate potential crowding-out effects of fiat currency or digital currency under the framework of the traditional monetary economic model. We find that crowding out only occurs under extreme assumptions, i.e. extremely high costs associated with the use (medium of exchange and store of value) of one currency and extremely low costs associated with the use of the other currency.
    Keywords: Bitcoin, Digital currency, Dual currency, Crowding out
    JEL: E00 E41 E42
    Date: 2017–04–24

This nep-ict issue is ©2018 by Walter Frisch. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.