nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2018‒01‒08
five papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
Universität Wien

  1. On the Demand for Female Workers in Japan: The Role of ICT and Offshoring By Kozo Kiyota; Sawako Maruyama
  2. Exploring the effect of monetary incentives on user behavior in Online Sharing Platforms By Lu, Yixin; Ou, Carol; Angelopoulos, Spyros
  3. Project Sharing: Public Communication and Education as a Tool for Citizenship Guarantee By Tatyane Ferreira; Alzimar Ramalho; Márcia Marques
  4. The Imperial Society for Promotion of the Russian Trade Shipping and the Oil Issue in the Russian Empire in the Last Quarter of the 19th Century By Maria Kulikova
  5. Cluster Dynamics: Learning from Competitiveness Cluster Policy. The Case of 'Secure Communicating Solutions' in the French Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Region By Christian Longhi

  1. By: Kozo Kiyota (Keio Economic Observatory, Keio University); Sawako Maruyama (Graduate School of Economics, Kobe University)
    Abstract: In light of the increasing importance of female labor participation in Japan, this paper examines the determinants of the demand for female workers. One of the contributions of this paper is that we shed light on the role of information and communication technology (ICT) and offshoring as determinants of female labor demand. Estimating a system of variable factor demands for manufacturing industries between 1980 and 2011, we find that, while the ICT capital stock has significantly positive effects on the demand for low, middle-high, and high skilled female workers, it has significantly negative effects on the demand for middle-low skilled female workers. In contrast, offshoring has insignificant effects on the demand for female workers. The results suggest that offshoring is at least neutral on the demand for female workers. A part of the increasing demand for female workers can be attributable to ICT, which contributes to narrow the gender wage gap in Japan.
    Keywords: Labor demand, Female Workers, Offshoring, Information and Communication Technology, Skills
    JEL: F14 J23
    Date: 2017–11–20
  2. By: Lu, Yixin; Ou, Carol (Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management); Angelopoulos, Spyros
    Abstract: We examine the impact of monetary incentives on user onboarding in online sharing platforms. Specifically, drawing upon the literature of monetary incentives, privacy, and consumer behavior, we conduct a randomized field experiment to explore users’ initial engagement and interaction with an online car-sharing platform. Our empirical analyses show that monetary incentives are no better than simple email reminders in encouraging users’ self- disclosure of private information nor their active engagement with the platform (i.e., actual booking via the platform). Our work sheds new light on the heated debate over the design and deployment of monetary incentives in digital platforms, and provides useful implications for both academia and the industry.
    Date: 2018
  3. By: Tatyane Ferreira (IESB University Center, Brasilia); Alzimar Ramalho (IESB University Center, Brasilia); Márcia Marques (University of Brasilia, Brasilia)
    Abstract: The article presented the experiences and results of the pedagogical model developed in the project Communication, Information and Computing to share citizenship. The research involved four institutions: the University of Brasilia, the IESB University Center, the Joao Mangabeira Foundation and the Paranoa Culture and Development Center, all located in Brasilia, capital of Brazil. The cross-cutting theme was Public Transparency - forms of monitoring, use and application of public resources. In the first stage, pedagogical materials were produced and test-workshops were applied focusing on the training of Communication and Information competences in social networks using mobile technologies. The second part consisted on the application of the workshop plan and evaluation of its results and was not yet finalized. The objective was to inform people to use social media in a network from a citizen perspective, guiding participants to learn how they can autonomously acquire the skills and abilities necessary for the practical appropriation of the mechanisms provided by the Brazilian Transparency Law. This teaching to learn also proposed that learners become multipliers of knowledge, always shareable and permanently elaborated/reworked by the collective. It was based on the premise that the main obstacles to inclusion need to be overcome in an articulated way: information poverty, digital exclusion, censorship, the political use of technology, misinformation, manipulation of the media and destruction of public information.
    Keywords: Communication, Information and Computing, educommunication, citizenship, pedagogical model, university extension
    Date: 2017
  4. By: Maria Kulikova (National Research University Higher School of Economics)
    Abstract: Studies of interconnections between social, technological, economic and cultural forces belong to the trend of modernisation studies in the Russian Empire in the second half of the 19th century. Modernisation implies the establishment and growth of institutions and infrastructures that are examined as a set of communication practices between different actors – the state, experts and various offices. This research is an historical study of interconnections between technologies and society. It is focused on the significance of materiality (namely natural oil resources) in these processes
    Keywords: technology, natural resources, goods, development of infrastructure, institutions
    JEL: Z
    Date: 2017
  5. By: Christian Longhi (Université Côte d'Azur; CNRS, GREDEG)
    Abstract: The paper aims to identify the forms and dynamics of the organizational structures of high-tech clusters overtime. Since Markusen (1996), it is well acknowledged that diversity is an emergent property of clusters, but the interactions between local and non-local actors of the clusters are difficult to trace because of lack of relevant data. The cluster policies developed to fix the network failures between the heterogeneous actors – large and small firms, universities, research institutes – of the current processes of innovation provide new information opportunities. In France, Competitiveness Clusters work as a "factories of project"; the information they produce on collective R&D projects applying for subsidies provides a proxy of local and non-local relations of the clusters. Social network analysis is used to infer the organizational structure of the collective learning networks and trace their dynamics. The case studies considered are Sophia-Antipolis and Rousset, two high tech clusters which belong to the same Competitiveness Cluster, 'Secure Communicating Solutions' in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur Region. The paper highlights the decoupling of the two clusters overtime as a consequence of distinctive organizational structures. The diversity of the dynamics of the collective learning networks which emerges through the analysis of the collective R&D projects in the two high tech clusters shows that knowledge creation and innovation can follow different paths and questions the public policies implemented.
    Keywords: Cluster Policy, Competitiveness Cluster, Collective Learning Networks, Innovation, Social Network Analysis, Sophia Antipolis, Rousset
    JEL: R11 R58 L2 L52
    Date: 2017–12

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