nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2017‒05‒14
four papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
Universität Wien

  1. Accelerating Digital Trade in Latin America and the Caribbean By Kati Suominen
  2. How Is the Internet Changing Labor Market Arrangements? Evidence from Telecommunications Reforms in Europe By Emmanuel Vazquez; Hernan Winkler
  3. Speeding up the internet: regulation and investment in European fiber optic infrastructure By Wolfgang Briglauer; Carlo Cambini,; Michał Grajek
  4. Efeitos da desoneração tributária sobre a difusão da banda larga no Brasil: Enfoque na incidência do FISTEL sobre o terminal de acesso individual por satélite. By Charlita de Freitas, Luciano; Euler de Morais, Leonardo; Cervieri Guterres, Egon

  1. By: Kati Suominen
    Abstract: The Internet roared to the scene in Latin America and it is transforming the way Latin Americans interact, shop, bank, and spend their time. The Internet is changing regional consumption patterns, the landscape of regional companies, and the region's economic prospects. Disruptive digital technologies riding on the web -cloud-based services, e-commerce, 3D printing, Internet of Things, and so on- are empowering LAC companies of all sizes to dramatically cut costs, improve customer service, and create brand new products and services. The region is also home to innovative digital companies run by intrepid entrepreneurs, some of whom have accessed significant investments from Silicon Valley and grown into some of the leading digital companies. The Internet, in short, has opened tremendous new opportunities for LAC economies to become more productive, expand opportunities for entrepreneurship, and drive inclusive economic growth.
    Keywords: E-Commerce, Export Diversification, Exports of Service, Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises, Startups, Electronic Commerce, E-Commerce
    JEL: O39
    Date: 2017–03
  2. By: Emmanuel Vazquez (CEDLAS-FCE-UNLP); Hernan Winkler (World Bank)
    Abstract: This paper exploits variations in the timing of telecommunications reforms across Europe to analyze the relationship between the rise of alternative work arrangements and the emergence of the Internet. The paper evaluates whether sectors that are technologically more dependent on information and communications technologies experienced disproportionately larger changes in their employment outcomes after telecommunications reforms were introduced. The main results point to a disproportionate increase in total employment, parttime work, and home-based work among information and communications technologies–intensive sectors after the implementation of telecommunications reforms. The analysis does not find a link between the incidence of temporary employment, selfemployment, second job holding, and telecommunications reforms. The main results are robust to several specifications.
    JEL: J20 J23 O33
    Date: 2017–04
  3. By: Wolfgang Briglauer (Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung GmbH (ZEW) Mannheim); Carlo Cambini, (Politecnico di Torino); Michał Grajek (ESMT European School of Management and Technology)
    Abstract: In this paper we study how the coexistence of access regulations for legacy (copper) and fiber networks shapes the incentives to invest in network infrastructure. To this end, we develop a theoretical model explaining investment incentives by incumbent telecom operators and heterogeneous entrants and test its main predictions using panel data from 27 EU member states over the last decade. Our theoretical model extends the existing literature by, among other things, allowing for heterogeneous entrants in internet access markets, as we consider both other telecom and cable TV operators as entrants. In the empirical part, we use a novel data set including information on physical fiber network investments, legacy network access regulation and recently imposed fiber access regulations. Our main finding is that more stringent access regulations for both the legacy and the fiber networks harm investments by incumbent telecom operators, but, in line with our theoretical model, do not affect cable TV operators.
    Keywords: Internet access market, access regulation, investment, infrastructure, next generation networks, broadband, telecoms, cable operators and Europe
    JEL: L96 L51
    Date: 2017–05–03
  4. By: Charlita de Freitas, Luciano; Euler de Morais, Leonardo; Cervieri Guterres, Egon
    Abstract: This study analyzes the economic and tax effects of an eventual equalization of the satellite based access terminals and mobile cellular broadband, for the purpose of charging the Telecommunications Inspection Fund (FISTEL). Estimates of demand were elaborated with the aid of empirical instruments to gauge the price elasticity and projections of demand for broadband service. Results indicate that the eventual equalization of taxes incidence induces growth of the band penetration in Brazil, as well as generates positive effects on the aggregate of the tax revenue from satellite broadband providers.
    Keywords: Banda Larga; Satélite; Banda Ka; FISTEL; Broadband;Satellite;Brazil; Ka band
    JEL: O1 O2 O23 O25 O3 O33 O38 O4
    Date: 2017–04

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