nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2017‒03‒26
five papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
Universität Wien

  1. ICT, Financial Sector Development and Financial Access By Simplice Asongu; Jacinta C. Nwachukwu
  2. Strengthening the Management of Ubiquitous Internet by Refining ISO/IEC 27001 Implementation Using a Generic Responsibility Model By Feltus, Christophe; Khadraoui, Djamel
  3. Maximizing opportunities and minimizing risks for children online: the role of digital skills in emerging strategies of parental mediation By Sonia Livingstone; Kjartan Ólafsson; Ellen J. Helsper; Francisco Lupiáñez-Villanueva; Giuseppe A. Veltri; Frans Folkvord
  4. Global Kids Online: researching children's rights globally in the digital age By Mariya Stoilova; Sonia Livingstone; Daniel Kardefelt-Winther
  5. E-Commerce in the lighting fixtures sector By Aurelio Volpe

  1. By: Simplice Asongu (Yaoundé/Cameroun); Jacinta C. Nwachukwu (Coventry University, UK)
    Abstract: This study assesses the role of ICT (internet and mobile phone penetration) in complementing financial sector development (financial formalization and informalization) for financial access. The empirical evidence is based on Generalised Method of Moments with 53 African countries for the period 2004-2011. The following findings are established from linkages between ICT, financial sector development and financial activity. First, the interaction between ICT and financial formalization (informalization) decreases (increases) financial activity. Second, with regards to net effects, the expected signs are established for the most part. In spite of the negative marginal effects from financial informalization, the overall net effects are positive. Third, the potentially appealing interaction between ICT and informalization produces positive thresholds that are within ranges. Policy implications are discussed in three main strands. They include implications for (i) mobile/internet banking; (ii) a quiet life and (iii) ICT in reducing information asymmetry and surplus liquidity.
    Keywords: Allocation efficiency; Financial sector development; ICT
    JEL: G20 G29 L96 O40 O55
    Date: 2017–01
  2. By: Feltus, Christophe; Khadraoui, Djamel
    Abstract: The recent emergence of decentralized networks and ubiquitous Internet has highlighted the need for a better management of the companies’ IT architecture and for an improvement of the users of the network’s responsibility. Many standards have recently emerged to face these requirements. By analyzing them, we observe that they all include reference to the user responsibility but also that no common understanding of it exists. These statements have oriented our research toward the elaboration of an innovative, simple and pragmatic responsibility model that includes a user commitment dimension. ISO/IEC 27001:2005 is one of that new standard that aims at providing a framework for improving the information system management and the security of IT architecture. Although this standard is recognized over the globe, many surveys and cases studies provide interesting feedback about its implementation problems. In this paper, we introduce our responsibility model, we depict the responsibility aspects encompassed in ISO 27001 and we propose some improvement perspectives to face these problems and strengthen its implementation.
    Keywords: Responsibility, Capability, Accountability, Commitment, ISO 27001, Access rights.
    JEL: L2 L21 L29 L6 Y20 Y9 Z00
    Date: 2017
  3. By: Sonia Livingstone; Kjartan Ólafsson; Ellen J. Helsper; Francisco Lupiáñez-Villanueva; Giuseppe A. Veltri; Frans Folkvord
    Abstract: As internet use becomes widespread at home, parents are trying to maximize their children’s online opportunities while also minimizing online risks. We surveyed parents of 6- to 14-year-olds in eight European countries (N=6,400). A factor analysis revealed two strategies. Enabling mediation is associated with increased online opportunities but also risks. This strategy incorporates safety efforts, responds to child agency and is employed when parent or child is relatively digitally skilled, so may not support harm. Restrictive mediation is associated with fewer online risks but at the cost of opportunities, reflecting policy advice that regards media use as primarily problematic. It is favoured when parent or child digital skills are lower, potentially keeping vulnerable children safe yet undermining their digital inclusion.
    Keywords: Parental mediation; internet; online risks; online opportunities; child agency; digital skills; policy guidance; parental style
    JEL: L91 L96
    Date: 2017–02
  4. By: Mariya Stoilova; Sonia Livingstone; Daniel Kardefelt-Winther
    Abstract: Drawing on an ongoing international research project, Global Kids Online, this article examines the theoretical and methodological challenges of conducting global research on children’s rights in the digital age at a time of intense socio-technological change and contested policy development. Arguing in favour of critically rethinking existing research frameworks and measures for new circumstances, we report on the experience of designing a research toolkit and piloting this in four countries on four continents. We aim to generate national and cross-national insights that can benefit future researchers and research users concerned to build a robust evidence base to understand children’s rights in the digital age. It is hoped that such experiences will prompt wider lessons for the unfolding research and policy agenda
    Keywords: Child rights; comparative methods; contexts of childhood; digital age; evidence-based policy; global research; stakeholder partnership
    JEL: L91 L96
    Date: 2016–11–07
  5. By: Aurelio Volpe (CSIL Centre for Industrial Studies; CSIL Centre for Industrial Studies)
    Abstract: The report analyses the development of E-commerce sales in the lighting fixtures industry to nowadays and future prospects providing market size of lighting fixtures industry and E-commerce sales, by country/area (Europe, America, Asia) and by segment (Residential, Commercial, Industrial and Outdoor lighting). The Report highlights also a strategy for the E-commerce of lighting fixtures for the middle run, focusing on logistic platforms, price promise, investments from incubators, increasing use of smartphones, lack of infrastructure. E-commerce players. Short profiles of leading E-commerce players, sales data and market shares are included. Successful and unsuccessful stories. Around 200 useful contacts. Countries and geographical area considered: Europe (mainly Western Europe), America (mainly the United States), Asia (mainly China, India and Japan). The Report “E-commerce for the lighting fixtures industry†has been carried out using the following tools: field research including direct interviews with important manufacturers and distributors operating in the E-commerce business; desk analysis and comparison for a sample of over 200 companies using E-commerce (mainly US, Europe and China based); analysis of CSIL databases concerning lighting fixtures sector worldwide; processing of official statistics and various E-commerce related sources worldwide.
    JEL: L68 L81
    Date: 2017–03

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