nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2017‒01‒15
five papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
Universität Wien

  1. Low Latency Internet and Economic Growth: A Simultaneous Approach By Lüdering, Jochen
  2. New Evidence on the Canada-U.S. ICT Investment Gap, 1976-2014 Selected OECD Countries, 1986-2013 By Jasmin Thomas
  3. Mobile-only consumers arise from heterogeneous valuation of fixed services By Petulowa, Marc; Liang, Julienne
  4. Spanish Public Policies towards the Promotion of Cloud Computing and Digital Services for SMEs By Serrano Calle, Silvia; Pérez Martínez, Jorge; Frías Barroso, Zoraida
  5. Empirical Analysis on Human Resource Management and ICT Use for Product Innovation among Firms in ASEAN Economies By Idota, Hiroki; Ueki, Yasushi; Shigeno, Hidenori; Bunno, Teruyuki; Tsuji, Masatsugu

  1. By: Lüdering, Jochen
    Abstract: Given the quality of the available data on Internet access across several countries, it is necessary to evaluate alternative measures to assess the effect of Internet access on economic outcomes. The research at hand builds up on an earlier paper, which introduced a novel measure of Internet quality. A logical consequence has been to introduce the new indicator (average latency for a country) into established models of economic growth. The data used in this analysis spans the period from 2008 to 2014 and covers 155 countries. The findings largely confirm previous results, that Internet access is beneficial to economic growth and emphasize the appropriateness of technical measures of Internet quality for economic analysis. Apart from providing insight into the quality dimension these measures do not rely on survey data, but can be obtained directly requiring only a low level of investment, making the data collection process viable even for smaller institutions.
    Keywords: Economic Growth,Simultaneous Equations,Internet,Latency
    JEL: O47 O57 L96
    Date: 2016
  2. By: Jasmin Thomas
    Abstract: Productivity growth results in part from investment in information and communications technologies (ICT). To better understand Canada’s poor productivity growth relative to the United States since 2000, this report provides a detailed examination of ICT investment trends in the two countries. The report finds that real ICT investment in the total economy in Canada has yet to recover from the 2008-2009 recession, while it has not suffered the same fate south of the border. Between 2008 and 2014 real ICT investment in Canada fell 1.0 per cent per year, compared to a 2.9 per cent per year increase in the United States. The gap was even greater for real ICT investment per job, down 1.8 per cent per year in Canada versus a 2.8 per cent annual increase in the United States. The weaker ICT investment growth in Canada resulted in a large increase in the Canada-US ICT investment gap from 31.6 percentage points to 43.7 points, as nominal ICT investment per job fell from 68.4 per cent of the US level in 2008, the highest value ever achieved, to 56.3 per cent in 2014.
    Keywords: Investment, Information and Communication Technology, Information Technology, ICT, IT, Productivity, Industries, Professional Services, Cultural Industries, Canada, U.S.
    JEL: E22 O16 D24 L60 L70 L80 L90 N72 N32 N12 O51
    Date: 2016–12
  3. By: Petulowa, Marc; Liang, Julienne
    Abstract: Mobile-only users are usually considered as a consequence of fixed-mobile substitution. Via a unique dataset based on a a large European country survey and consumers' invoice data, this study reveals heterogeneous preferences for fixed services among consumers. The data is fitted in a mixed logit model and willingness to pay (WTP) for fixed communications services are estimated. Results show that mobile-only consumers have a WTP for fixed services of 15 € per month, while the WTP of users of both fixed and mobile services is thrice higher. Considering that a typical monthly fee for fixed services is around 30 € the heterogeneous preferences for fixed services constitute an alternative explanation for the existence of mobile-only users, despite the complementarity of fixed and mobile broadband.
    Keywords: fixed mobile dependence,heterogeneous preferences,substitution versus complementarity,mobile only
    JEL: L43 L50 L96
    Date: 2016
  4. By: Serrano Calle, Silvia; Pérez Martínez, Jorge; Frías Barroso, Zoraida
    Abstract: The paper focuses on the first public programs in Spain to support the introduction of cloud computing services for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and micro-SMEs, and facilitating the digital transformation of SMEs, stimulating e-commerce and encouraging competitiveness. The paper analyses how the programs that the Spanish Government launched in 2015 transcend technology and impact over the digital ecosystem, with influences over supply and demand. The paper identifies the main drivers of SMEs providing cloud services and ICT solutions and other key elements that help to understand the eligible portfolio of cloud solutions and authorised providers that will contribute to the digital transformation of Spanish SMEs and micro-SMEs.
    Keywords: Digital Economy,Cloud Computing,SME,Public Policy
    JEL: H76 L88 O14
    Date: 2016
  5. By: Idota, Hiroki; Ueki, Yasushi; Shigeno, Hidenori; Bunno, Teruyuki; Tsuji, Masatsugu
    Abstract: To achieve successful innovation, firms in ASEAN countries have to elevate their innovation capability including human resources, business structure of firms, technologies including ICT use by collaborating with outside organizations such as MNCs (Multi-national companies) and university/public research institutes. These outside organizations are termed as external linkages. Based on authors'survey data of five ASEAN economies such as Vietnam, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand, and Laos from 2014 to 2015, this paper examines how internal innovation capability such as human resource management (HRM), organizational learning and ICT use enhance product innovation. These factors are used as latent variables in analysis and consist of the following variables:(i) HRM such as recruitment, job training and rewards and 5S; (ii) organizational learning including QC and cross-functional teams;(iii) ICT use such as B2B, B2C, EDI, SCM, ERP, CAD/CAM, groupware, SNS; and (iv) external linkages. This study employs SEM (Structural equation modeling) to analyze the causal relationships not only among the above four latent variables but also between these and innovation.The six hypotheses were postulated. Estimation results demonstrate that organization learning and ICT use enhance product innovation, and particularly, human resource management enhances organization learning.
    Keywords: ICT use,human resource management,external linkages,cross-functional teams,QC,SEM
    JEL: O32 O31 O19
    Date: 2016

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