nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2016‒02‒12
five papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
Universität Wien

  1. European Innovations Dynamics and US Economic Impact: Theory and Empirical Analysis By Paul J.J. Welfens; Tony Irawan
  2. The impact of Online ICT on the dimensions of social capital By Serkan Gürsoy
  3. Speed 2.0 - Evaluating access to universal digital highways By Ahlfeldt, Gabriel; Koutroumpis, Pantelis; Valletti, Tommaso
  4. “Now that you mention it”: A Survey Experiment on Information, Salience and Online Privacy By Helia Marreiros; Mirco Tonin; Michael Vlassopoulos; M.C. Schraefel
  5. One in Three: Internet Governance and Children’s Rights By Sonia Livingstone; John Carr; Jasmina Byrne

  1. By: Paul J.J. Welfens (Europäisches Institut für Internationale Wirtschaftsbeziehungen (EIIW)); Tony Irawan (Europäisches Institut für Internationale Wirtschaftsbeziehungen (EIIW))
    Abstract: The analysis explains innovations in EU25 for the period 2006-2012, namely through R&D (relative to GDP), cumulated FDI inflows – relative to the host country capital stock - , joint internet intensity, broadband intensity and potential competition. For the first time we can offer a broad analysis of innovation dynamics in Europe that should be the basis not only for better supply-side policy in EU countries and growth policy, respectively, it also suggests a strong role of international digital communication for innovation dynamics. Moreover, the approach gives new important arguments in favor of the TTIP negotiations between the US and the EU.
    Keywords: Innovation, TTIP, Foreign Direct Investment, EU, Internet
    JEL: O11 O32 F40 F10 F15
    Date: 2015–06
  2. By: Serkan Gürsoy (Beykoz Vocational School of Logistics)
    Abstract: This study aims to investigate the impact of information and communication technologies on social capital. It evaluates ICT in terms of “knowledge sharing.” Similarly, social capital is taken into consideration in terms of organizational context. Within such a framework, constructs affiliated with these two concepts have been investigated. This investigation shows that communication technologies and social media technologies do have similar as well as varied impacts on dimensions of social capital. These impacts stem from the developments in the social elements of ICT. Moreover, variations in these elements are reflected as variations in the dimensions of developed social capital between communities with face-to-face interaction and the ones who have not yet achieved face-to-face interaction. This study also reveals that the social capital observed in face-to-face interaction can as well be seen online communities.
    Keywords: Social capital, Information and Communication Technologies
    Date: 2014–04
  3. By: Ahlfeldt, Gabriel; Koutroumpis, Pantelis; Valletti, Tommaso
    Abstract: This paper shows that having access to a fast Internet connection is an important determinant of capitalization effects in property markets. Our empirical strategy combines a boundary discontinuity design with controls for time-invariant effects and arbitrary macro-economic shocks at a very local level to identify the causal effect of broadband speed on property prices from variation that is plausibly exogenous. Applying this strategy to a micro data set from England between 1995 and 2010 we find a significantly positive effect, but diminishing returns to speed. Our results imply that disconnecting an average property from a high-speed first-generation broadband connection (offering Internet speed up to 8 Mbit/s) would depreciate its value by 2.8%. In contrast, upgrading such a property to a faster connection (offering speeds up to 24 Mbit/s) would increase its value by no more than 1%. We decompose this effect by income and urbanization, finding considerable heterogeneity. These estimates are used to evaluate proposed plans to deliver fast broadband universally. We find that increasing speed and connecting unserved households passes a cost-benefit test in urban and some suburban areas, while the case for universal delivery in rural areas is not as strong.
    Keywords: capitalization; digital speed; Internet; property prices; universal access to broadband
    JEL: H4 L1 R2
    Date: 2016–01
  4. By: Helia Marreiros (University of Southampton, Economics Department, School of Social Sciences); Mirco Tonin (Free University of Bolzano‐Bozen, Faculty of Economics and Management); Michael Vlassopoulos (University of Southampton, Economics Department, School of Social Sciences); M.C. Schraefel (University of Southampton, Electronics and Computer Sciences Department)
    Abstract: Personal data lie at the forefront of different business models and constitute the main source of revenue of several online companies. In many cases, consumers have incomplete information about the digital transactions of their data. This paper investigates whether highlighting positive or negative aspects of online privacy, thereby mitigating the informational problem, can affect consumers’ privacy actions and attitudes. Results of two online survey experiments indicate that participants adopt a more conservative stance on disclosing identifiable information, such as name and email, even when they are informed about positive attitudes of companies towards their privacy. On the other hand, they do not change their attitudes and social actions towards privacy. These findings suggest that privacy concerns are dormant and may manifest when consumers are asked to think about privacy; and that privacy behavior is not necessarily sensitive to exposure to objective threats or benefits of disclosing personal information.
    Keywords: survey experiment, information economics, privacy policies, salience, self-disclosure
    JEL: C83 L38 M38
    Date: 2016–02
  5. By: Sonia Livingstone; John Carr; Jasmina Byrne
    Abstract: Typically, in the discussions around the use of the Internet, children are acknowledged only in the context of child protection while their rights to provision and participation are overlooked. This paper specifically argues against an age-generic (or ‘age-blind’) approach to ‘users’, because children have specific needs and rights that are not met by governance regimes designed for ‘everyone’. Policy and governance should now ensure children’s rights to access and use digital media and consider how the deployment of the Internet by wider society can enhance children’s rights across the board. The paper ends with six conclusions and recommendations about how to embed recognition of children’s rights in the activities and policies of international Internet governance institutions.
    Keywords: child protection; children's rights; governance; internet;
    JEL: O33

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