nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2015‒06‒13
eight papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
Universität Wien

  1. Offline Effects of Online Connecting: The Impact of Broadband Diffusion on Teen Fertility Decisions By Guldi, Melanie; Herbst, Chris M.
  2. E-Recruitment in Practice: A Study on Jobseekers’ Perception in Bangladesh By Karim, Mohammad Rezaul; Miah, Md. Shelim; Khatun, Asma
  3. Internet Literacy in Japan By OECD
  4. The Short Term Economic Impact of Levying E-Tolls on Industries By Francois J Stofberg and Jan H van Heerden
  5. Documentation of German real estate market data: Sample of real estate advertisements on the internet platform ImmobilienScout24, 2007-2013 By an de Meulen, Philipp; Micheli, Martin; Schaffner, Sandra
  6. Multiplex interbank networks and systemic importance: An application to European data By Aldasoro, Iñaki; Alves, Iván
  7. Homework Completion: Perceptions and Comparisons of 6th-12th Grade Students Using Traditional and Digital Submission By Adel Al-Bataineh; David Hallatt; Megan Huss; Catherine Unsbee
  8. Five theses on public media and digitization: from a 56-country study By Damian Tambini

  1. By: Guldi, Melanie (University of Central Florida); Herbst, Chris M. (Arizona State University)
    Abstract: Broadband (high-speed) internet access expanded rapidly from 1999 to 2007. This expansion is associated with higher economic growth and labor market activity. In this paper, we examine whether the rollout also affected the social connections teens make. Specifically, we look at the relationship between increased broadband access and teen fertility. We hypothesize that increasing access to high-speed internet can influence fertility decisions by changing the size of the market as well as increasing the information available to participants in the market. We seek to understand both the overall effect of broadband internet on teen fertility as well as the mechanisms underlying this effect. Our results suggest that increased broadband access explains at least thirteen percent of the decline in the teen birth rate between 1999 and 2007. Although we focus on social markets, this work contributes more broadly to an understanding of how new technology interacts with existing markets.
    Keywords: fertility, birth rates, broadband, new media
    JEL: J13 J18
    Date: 2015–05
  2. By: Karim, Mohammad Rezaul; Miah, Md. Shelim; Khatun, Asma
    Abstract: The rapid growth and use of the Internet over the last several years has changed the way companies’ conduct of business activities, including the activities of human resource management. To attract and recruit best employees is one of the great challenges for Human Resource Department. Today online recruiting has become a significant tool for Human Resource Department. Bangladeshi companies also can recruit with their websites, job boards or resume banks, newspaper classified ads, and job boards. Online recruiting processes increase firms' competitive advantage through increased efficiency and lower costs and offers benefits and opportunities to jobseekers. This paper investigates the perceptions and behaviors of job-seekers concerning the use of the Internet as a recruiting source. 204 survey questionnaires were distributed to job seekers who are almost regularly using Internet for various purposes. The results showed that perceived usefulness and perceived enjoyment are positively and significantly related to the behavioral intention to use Internet as a job search tool. The study implies that the developers of online job sites need to provide additional useful functionalities or tools in the sites to help users for job search. The paper provides an insight for jobseekers to find employment by using Internet as a job search tool.
    Keywords: e-recruiting, evaluation, Internet job market, Internet job boards, Internet job sites, online recruiting
    JEL: M5 M51 M54 M55
    Date: 2015–05
  3. By: OECD
    Abstract: The rise in Internet usage among young people has seen a corresponding increase in international concern regarding their online safety. In February 2012, the OECD Council adopted a “Recommendation on the Protection of Children Online”. The Recommendation called for governments to support evidence-based policies for the protection of children, including surveys to better understand Internet usage by children and the evolving risks, and programmes to increase awareness of this issue. In line with this Recommendation, the Japanese government has inititated efforts to develop improved indicators to measure Internet literacy among youth. This report describes the results of the Internet literacy indicator development project and constitutes a feasibility study for the development of Internet literacy among youth in different countries. The project formulated an Internet Literacy Assessment Indicator for Students (ILAS), which targeted 15-year-old students to measure their ability to utilise the Internet safely and securely. In 2011, a formative evaluation was conducted for a sample of 569 first-year high-school students from 14 high schools. In 2012, the study conducted a revised nationwide test on a broader sample of 2 464 students from 23 high schools. Evaluation of the results of the ILAS test system confirmed its reliability and validity, attesting to its value as a useful and practical assessment system for measuring youth Internet literacy.
    Date: 2015–05–27
  4. By: Francois J Stofberg and Jan H van Heerden
    Abstract: TERM[1] is used to analyse the short term regional economic impact of an increase in industries’ transport costs when paying E-Tolls. Market-clearing and accounting equations allow regional economies to be represented as an integrated framework; labour adjusts to accommodate increasing transportation costs, and investments change to accommodate capital that is fixed.[2] We concluded that costs from levying E-Tolls on industries are relatively small in comparison to total transport costs, and the impact on economic aggregates and most industries are negligible: investments (-0.404%), GDP (-0.01), CPI (-0.10%). This is true even when considering costs and benefits on industries as well as consumers. Industries that experienced the greatest decline in output were transport, construction, and gold. Provinces which are closer to Gauteng, and have a greater share of severely impacted industries, experienced larger GDP and real income reductions. Mpumalanga’s decrease in GDP was 17% greater than Gauteng’s.[1] “TERM†is an acronym for “The enormous regional modelâ€, for simplicity we refer to the TERM model.[2] TERM is a bottom-up CGE model designed for highly disaggregated regional data. “CGE†is an acronym for Computable General Equilibrium. TERM models originate from Horridge et al. (2005) which are better explained in Horridge (2011).
    Keywords: Computable General Equilibrium Models, Regional Economics, Policy Modelling, Transport Cost
    JEL: C68 L91 R11 R48
    Date: 2015
  5. By: an de Meulen, Philipp; Micheli, Martin; Schaffner, Sandra
    Abstract: This data report presents a dataset on residential real estate prices in Germany provided by ImmobilienScout24 and introduces real estate price indices of labor market regions. The dataset consists of online adverts of houses and apartments that are available for rent or sale. The dataset complements already existing datasets in two ways: First, it is available almost without any time lag, allowing the analysis of most recent developments. Second, the high market share of ImmobilienScout24 results in a high number of observations, which gives the opportunity to use the data for analyses on a small regional scale.
    Date: 2014
  6. By: Aldasoro, Iñaki; Alves, Iván
    Abstract: Research on interbank networks and systemic importance is starting to recognise that the web of exposures linking banks balance sheets is more complex than the single-layer-of-exposure paradigm. We use data on exposures between large European banks broken down by both maturity and instrument type to characterise the main features of the multiplex structure of the network of large European banks. This multiplex network presents positive correlated multiplexity and a high similarity between layers, stemming both from standard similarity analyses as well as a core-periphery analyses of the different layers. We propose measures of systemic importance that fit the case in which banks are connected through an arbitrary number of layers (be it by instrument, maturity or a combination of both). Such measures allow for a decomposition of the global systemic importance index for any bank into the contributions of each of the sub-networks, providing a useful tool for banking regulators and supervisors. We use the dataset of exposures between large European banks to illustrate the proposed measures.
    Keywords: interbank networks,systemic importance,multiplex networks
    JEL: G21 D85 C67
    Date: 2015
  7. By: Adel Al-Bataineh (Illinois State University); David Hallatt (Illinois State University); Megan Huss (Illinois State University); Catherine Unsbee (Illinois State University)
    Abstract: As technology becomes more prevalent throughout society, schools must adapt to effectively utilize technology in support of classroom instruction and assessment. This study focused on a comparison of three forms of technology that may be used in public middle and high schools for digital submission of student work. Student usage of Moodle, Gaggle, and Google Drive at one middle school and one high school in central Illinois was monitored. Researchers sought to answer how the rate of homework completion was affected by use of digital versus traditional submission of assignments as well as gain insight to teacher and student perceptions of the technology. In the course of this study, researchers identified a significant decrease in student return rates of homework when digital submission was utilized instead of traditional submission. This decrease was observed across all grade levels. Teacher and student perceptions of the technology were mixed, indicating a divide in both use and preference for or against digital submission.
    Keywords: Homework Completion; Traditional vs. Digital Homework Submission; Teachers' & Students' perceptions; Middle and High School
    JEL: I29 O39 I21
  8. By: Damian Tambini
    Abstract: This article examines developments at public-service and state-administered media organizations based on a global sample of country case studies and selected secondary data. Most public-service and state media organizations have experienced a decline in revenue and audience and a tendency to weaken the program remit, but the overall direction of change is not one of uniform, marked, or irreversible decline. Although successful models of public service for the digital age have emerged, recent evidence suggests that neither the weakening of state broadcasters nor their reform into independent public-service media are inevitable results of digitization.
    Keywords: public service; state broadcasting; regulation; independence
    JEL: L91 L96
    Date: 2015

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