nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2015‒05‒22
six papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
Universität Wien

  1. Internet peer production and unauthorized copying of intellectual property via BitTorrent network By Slawomir Czetwertynski
  2. Conditions of functional ICT structure in network organization By Piotr Adamczewski
  3. Productivity in the slow lane?: the role of information and communications technology By Wang, J. Christina; Pearson, Alison
  4. The conditions for development of e-commerce in Poland By Katarzyna Brendzel-Skowera; Helena Ko; Agnieszka Puto
  5. muCap: Connecting FaceReader™ to z-Tree By Doyle, Leonard; Schindler, David
  6. Ill Communication: Technology, Distraction & Student Performance By Louis-Philippe Beland; Richard Murphy

  1. By: Slawomir Czetwertynski (Wroclaw University of Economics)
    Abstract: This article refers to the phenomenon of peer production in the context of unauthorized copying of information goods. Peer production as says Yochai Benkler is production based on activity of community. It is widely used on the Internet and in its effect there have been created and developed such information goods as GNU Linux and Wikipedia. Although peer production contributes to the growing importance of free software or open source initiative, it is also strongly associated with the spread of unauthorized copying of intellectual property commonly know as Internet piracy. The mass character of this phenomenon - nearly 24% of Internet traffic is unauthorized - can not be underestimated. The hypothesis stands in the article is that a low level of protection against the production of unauthorized copies of intellectual property stems from the fact that they are formed largely in the process of peer production. The objective of the study is to verify this hypothesis in the context of the nature of peer production and unauthorized copying. The research area is limited to file-sharing networks P2P protocol based on BitTorret.
    Keywords: peer production, unauthorized copying, intelecttual property, BitTorrent
    JEL: D01 D24 O34
    Date: 2015–05
  2. By: Piotr Adamczewski (Poznan School of Banking)
    Abstract: Business network made of long termed formal and informal relations that appear between two or more entities. Organizations are changing, or are capable of changing profoundly in the information society. Network organizations are the abilities: to adapt to changing situations, to influence and shape their environment if necessary, to find a new milieu or reconfigure the business processes. Increasing requirements for extended enterprises have stimulated the integration of knowledge management function into ERP/BI systems for knowledge asset management. This paper discusses how to deploy ERP/BI concurrently in the framework of enterprise information systems.
    Keywords: ERP, functional structure, ICT, intelligent organization, network organization
    JEL: D83 M15 M21
    Date: 2015–05
  3. By: Wang, J. Christina (Federal Reserve Bank of Boston); Pearson, Alison (Federal Reserve Bank of Boston)
    Abstract: As the current recovery matures in the United States, evidence is mounting that total factor productivity (TFP), the typical measure of technological change, has moved back into the slow lane. This study uses industry data to explore the extent to which the acceleration in TFP in the late 1990s and early 2000s and the subsequent deceleration are attributable to unmeasured investment by firms to take full advantage of the new capabilities made possible by information and communications technology (ICT).
    Keywords: productivity: TFP; MFP; information technology; ICT; intangible capital
    JEL: E23
    Date: 2014–12–22
  4. By: Katarzyna Brendzel-Skowera (Politechnika Cz); Helena Ko (Politechnika Cz); Agnieszka Puto (Faculty of Management, Czestochowa University of Technology)
    Abstract: The aim of the paper is the presentation of the e-commerce sector in Poland. It is a dynamically developing sector which mainly consists of microenterprises. The authors pay attention to the most important problems connected with the development of e-stores in Poland. These are, most of all, the low average values of shopping carts and a small number of clients. The reason of this situation is, among others, inefficient use of the contemporary IT tools, e.g. social media are treated by e-commerce as another carrier of advertising. There is no knowledge or understanding that it is a tool enabling the development of more advanced marketing activities. The data from the reports presented in the paper indicate some trends in the behavior of Internet users, which are favorable for e-commerce. On their basis, there can be expected an increase in the amount and frequency of online shopping. However, for this to happen, it is necessary to introduce changes in the functioning of Polish e-commerce. Most of all, there is required sales optimization. In the paper, there will be presented the most important elements of the marketing strategy and basic tools of sales optimization.
    Keywords: e-commerce, age structure, value of the shopping cart, marketing activities, sales optimization
    JEL: L19 R10 L81
  5. By: Doyle, Leonard; Schindler, David
    Abstract: μCap (muCap) is a software package (citeware) for economic experiments enabling experimenters to analyze emotional states of subjects using z-Tree and FaceReader™. μCap is able to create videos of subjects on client computers based on stimuli shown on screen and restrict recording material to relevant time frames. Another feature of μCap is the creation of time stamps in csv format at prespecified screens (or at prespecified points in time) during the experiment, measured on the client computer. The software makes it possible to import these markers into FaceReader™ easily. Until recently, connecting z-Tree and FaceReader™ was only possible using workarounds or by undertaking many successive actions manually. μCap is the first program that significantly simplifies this process with the additional benefit of extremely high precision. This paper describes the usage, underlying principles as well as advantages and limitations of μCap. Furthermore, we give a brief outlook of how μCap can be beneficial in other contexts.
    Keywords: Experiment; Software; FaceReader™; z-Tree
    JEL: C90 C91 C99
    Date: 2015–05–10
  6. By: Louis-Philippe Beland; Richard Murphy
    Abstract: This paper investigates the impact of schools banning mobile phones on student test scores. By surveying schools in four English cities regarding their mobile phone policies and combining it with administrative data, we find that student performance in high stakes exams significantly increases post ban. We use a difference in differences (DID) strategy, exploiting variations in schools' autonomous decisions to ban these devices, conditioning on a range of student characteristics and prior achievement. Our results indicate that these increases in performance are driven by the lowest-achieving students. This suggests that restricting mobile phone use can be a low-cost policy to reduce educational inequalities.
    Keywords: Mobile phones, technology, student performance, productivity
    JEL: I21 I28 O33 J24
    Date: 2015–05

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