nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2015‒01‒31
three papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
Universität Wien

  1. Role of Platform Providers in Software Ecosystems By Kibae Kim ; Jörn Altmann ; Sodam Baek
  2. Determinants of initial technology adoption and intensification: evidence from Latin America and the Caribbean By Waters, James
  3. Application of ICT to Agriculture as a Panacea to Unemployment in Nigeria By Tolulope Kehinde, Kayode-Adedeji ; Agwu, Dr. Edwin M.

  1. By: Kibae Kim (Technology Management, Economics, and Policy Program; College of Engineering; Seoul National University ); Jörn Altmann (Technology Management, Economics, and Policy Program; College of Engineering; Seoul National University ); Sodam Baek (Technology Management, Economics, and Policy Program; College of Engineering; Seoul National University )
    Abstract: Through the advancement of information technology, a new type of innovation could emerge. This innovation type suggests a leading company to open up its software service platform to customers as well as competitors. Many innovation studies have been performed in the past, in order to understand the structure of this interaction among platform users from a network science perspective. By focusing on the internal mechanisms of software vendors only, these studies missed the role of platform providers in the innovation process though. In this paper, we fill this gap by investigating the impact of platform providers on the structure of a software service network. The empirical data about the software services network has been gathered from AppExchange. It is used to identify the clusters in the network and the network position of each software service. Using the Kruskal-Wallis test, we infer from those results that the network position of the platform providers software services is different from the network position of software services of third party vendors. In particular, our results show that the software services released by the platform provider locate at hub positions, while those released by third party vendors locate at positions interconnecting clusters. These results imply a role division between platform providers and third party vendors in this innovation type. The former leads the overall innovation on the platform, while the third party vendors interconnect software services of different categories.
    Keywords: Open Innovation, Software Ecosystem, Platform-as-a-Service, Software-as-a-Service,, Platform Leadership, Network Analysis, Kruskal-Wallis Test.
    JEL: A12 C12 D85 L86 M15 O32
    Date: 2015–01
  2. By: Waters, James
    Abstract: In this paper we examine determinants of initial adoption and subsequent intensification of corporate use of business practices employing the internet. In contrast to previous examinations that have looked at highest income countries, we study companies in Latin America and the Caribbean. Many variables such as company size and industry use previously identified as influential in high income regions continue to be important determinants. Novel determinants are also found, including informal sector competition and exporting. There are sharp differences in determinants between the two adoption types.
    Keywords: Technology; internet; adoption; intra-firm; intensification; developing countries
    JEL: O14 O30 O33 O54
    Date: 2015–01–20
  3. By: Tolulope Kehinde, Kayode-Adedeji ; Agwu, Dr. Edwin M.
    Abstract: This study looked at the relevance of agriculture in the Nigeria society and the need for employment and application of information and communication technology into agricultural sector as a solution to unemployment problems in Nigeria. As information and communication technology is a booming sector of the economy which presently engaged the younger generations of Nigerians, it can as well be used to improve the economic development of Nigeria and Nigerians. Data was gathered through qualitative method with focus group and individual in-depth interview as tools. Participants were selected randomly from a group of students, farmers and traders in Ogun and Lagos States of Nigeria. Findings revealed that although government support was essential in improving the agricultural sector in Nigeria, it was also important for citadels of learning and the private sectors to join hands in creating the much needed awareness amongst the youths on the significance of the agricultures and application of ICT as a veritable but untapped employment opportunity. The study also revealed that there is need to include agricultural studies into present day school curricular as well as create massive awareness through the mass media, especially Nollywood industry to portray the agricultural sector in a good light in order to ensure economic growth and uptake by the younger generations.
    Keywords: ICT, Agriculture, Employment, Poverty alleviation, Nigeria
    JEL: J21 J24 J43
    Date: 2015–01

This nep-ict issue is ©2015 by Walter Frisch. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.