nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2014‒12‒03
five papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
Universität Wien

  1. The impact of tariff diversity on broadband diffusion: An empirical analysis By Haucap, Justus; Heimeshoff, Ulrich; Lange, Mirjam R. J.
  2. The (Fuzzy) Digital Divide: The Effect of Broadband Internet Use on UK Firm Performance By Timothy De Stefano; Richard Kneller; Jonathan Timmis
  3. Using Internet Data to Analyse the Labour Market: A Methodological Enquiry By Kureková, Lucia Mýtna; Beblavy, Miroslav; Thum, Anna-Elisabeth
  4. Adoption of Information and Communication Technologies and New Organizational Practices in the Tunisian Manufacturing Sector By Adel Ben Youssef; Walid Hadhri; Hatem Mhenni
  5. Smart home care platforms: Where is the added value? By Vannieuwenborg, Frederic; Van Auwermeulen, Thomas; Van Ooteghem, Jan; Jacobs, An; Verbrugge, Sofie; Colle, Didier; Pickavet, Mario

  1. By: Haucap, Justus; Heimeshoff, Ulrich; Lange, Mirjam R. J.
    Abstract: This paper provides an empirical analysis how tariff diversity affects broadband uptake, utilizing a new data set with 1497 fixed-line and 2158 mobile broadband tariffs from 91 countries across the globe. An instrumental variable approach is applied to estimate the demand for fixed broadband internet access, controlling for various industry and socio-economic factors. The empirical results indicate that, first, in addition to lower prices and higher income, more tariff diversity additionally increases broadband penetration. Secondly, inter-platform competition and mobile broadband prices are not found to have a significant effect on fixed-line broadband penetration. This suggests that low prices, higher incomes and the diversity of broadband offerings are more important drivers of fixed broadband adoption than competition between various technologies (cable networks, fixed-line telephone networks, mobile networks).
    Keywords: Broadband prices,Tariff diversity,Broadband demand,Broadband penetration,Broadband uptake,Price discrimination,Inter-platform competition
    JEL: L86 L96
    Date: 2014
  2. By: Timothy De Stefano; Richard Kneller; Jonathan Timmis
    Abstract: This paper applies a fuzzy regression discontinuity design to study the effects of ADSL broadband internet on the performance of firms. We exploit a geographical discontinuity in the availability of ADSL broadband, firms located one side of the divide had access to broadband services that those on the other side did not. The discontinuity stems from an historical accident, whereby the telecommunications in one area of the North East of England is delivered by a separate company to the national monopoly provider. We study the discontinuity at the boundary between these two telecommunications providers, which rolled out broadband infrastructure at different times. Our analysis strongly suggests that broadband use has no statistically significant effect on the performance of firms.
    Keywords: broadband; firms; fuzzy regression discontinuity JEL Numbers: J23; J24; J31
    Date: 2014–10
  3. By: Kureková, Lucia Mýtna (Slovak Governance Institute); Beblavy, Miroslav (Center for European Policy Studies (CEPS)); Thum, Anna-Elisabeth (Center for European Policy Studies (CEPS))
    Abstract: With the growth of the Internet, online job portals have become an important medium for job matching. This paper focuses on methodological issues arising from the usage of online job vacancy data and voluntary web-based surveys to analyse the labour market. In addition to providing a comprehensive review of the literature based on online data, we highlight the advantages and possible disadvantages of using online data and suggest strategies for overcoming selected methodological issues. We underline the difficulties in adjusting for representativeness of online job vacancies, but nevertheless argue that this rich source of data should be exploited.
    Keywords: internet, job, labour market, matching, methodology, occupation, online, representativeness, vacancy
    JEL: E4 J2
    Date: 2014–10
  4. By: Adel Ben Youssef (University of Nice Sophia Antipolis, France; GREDEG CNRS); Walid Hadhri (Université de Tunis); Hatem Mhenni (Ecole Supérieure de Commerce de Tunis; Université de la Manouba)
    Abstract: The aim of this paper is to explore the relationship between the adoption of Information Technologies (IT) and the adoption of New Organizational Practices (NOP) in the context of an emerging country (Tunisia). Based on face-to-face questionnaire, to a random sample of 175 Tunisian manufactures, and using an ordered logit model, our empirical results show a significant link between IT adoption and NOP. We show that the complementarity is strengthened when the technology evolves. Adoption and usage of latest technologies are pushed by the prior adoption of NOP.
    Keywords: ICT adoption, ICT usage, Ordred Logit Model, New Organizational Practices
    JEL: L21 O31 O33
    Date: 2014–10
  5. By: Vannieuwenborg, Frederic; Van Auwermeulen, Thomas; Van Ooteghem, Jan; Jacobs, An; Verbrugge, Sofie; Colle, Didier; Pickavet, Mario
    Abstract: Due to changes in the demographic situation of most Western European countries, interest in ICT supported care services grows fast. eCare services that foster a better care information exchange, social involvement, lifestyle monitoring services, etc., offered via smart care platforms integrated in the homes of the elderly are believed to be cost-effective and could lead to an increased quality of life of both care receiver and (in)formal care giver. Currently adoption and integration of these smart care platforms is slowed down by several barriers such as an unclear added value, a lack of regulations or a sustainable financial model. In this work the added value of smart home care platforms is identified for the several involved key-actors such as the care receiver, the (in)formal care providers and the care organizations. In a second step several go to market strategies are formulated and are supported by the quantification of the potential impact on current care processes in terms of time and financial resources. Because the gap between the current way of providing home care and providing home care supported by a fully integrated smart care platform seems too big to bridge in one effort, a migration path is provided for stepwise adoption and integration of smart care platforms in the current way of home care provisioning.
    Keywords: smart care platform,multi-actor analysis,value network analysis,impact quantification
    Date: 2014

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