nep-ict New Economics Papers
on All new papers
Issue of 2014‒09‒08
four papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
Universität Wien

  1. The Effects of Shared School Technology Access on Students’ Digital Skills in Peru By German Bet; Julian Cristia; Pablo Ibarraran
  2. Las compras públicas como herramienta de política productiva en Uruguay. Descripción de las compras públicas de TIC en 2005-2012 By Carlos Bianchi; Martín Brun
  3. The Role of Information Communication Technologyand Economic Growth in Recent Electricity Demand: Fresh Evidence from Combine Cointegration Approachin UAE By Muhammad Shahbaz; Rashid Sbia; Helmi Hamdi; Ijaz Ur Rehman
  4. The Value of the Internet for Consumers Several studies have examined the market value of paid-for internet services and internet access. This paper estimates the value of leisure time spent online for which the consumer pays no monetary price and which has become increasingly important as a leisure activity. We apply a methodology developed be Goolsbee and Klenow (2006), which relies on differences in time spent online and opportunity cost of time, to an internet users’ clickstream dataset for the five largest economies in the European Union (Germany, United Kingdom, France, Italy and Spain). We find that, according to our most conservative measure, leisure time spent on the internet generated a consumer surplus of between 0.6 and 1% of full income in 2011 in the countries studied. The total consumer surplus for each country amounted to between 18 billion euros (Italy) and 44 billion euros (Germany). By Smaranda Pantea; Bertin Martens

  1. By: German Bet; Julian Cristia; Pablo Ibarraran
    Abstract: This paper analyzes the effects of increased shared computer access in secondary schools in Peru. Administrative data are used to identify, through propensity-score matching, two groups of schools with similar observable educational inputs but different intensity in computer access. Extensive primary data collected from the 202 matched schools are used to determine whether increased shared computer access at schools affects digital skills and academic achievement. Results suggest that small increases in shared computer access, one more computer per 40 students, can produce large increases in digital skills (0. 3 standard deviations). No effects are found on test scores in Math and Language.
    JEL: I21 I28
    Date: 2014–01
  2. By: Carlos Bianchi (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economía); Martín Brun (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economía)
    Abstract: Public procurement is one of the tools most commonly used in order to promote the development of productive activities. Several countries applied this mechanism to promote local industries and innovation process. Nevertheless and despite being discussed in length in Uruguay, public procurement has been rarely implemented in our country for that purpose. Recently, the government has been carrying out some institutional changes that foster a rationalization of the public spending in certain areas. Also, the necessity of an active role of public procurement in the promotion of national enterprises, particularly on technology-based companies, has been stated from different areas of the political spectrum. One of the main issues regarding the implementation of this type of policies is the availability of information about public procurement. What is being bought, how much is the state paying and who are the sellers arise as key questions. In this work we systematize the available information for the ICT sector in Uruguay based on the analysis of the database compiled by the Government's Procurement and Contracting Agency (ACCE for its acronym in Spanish) for 2005-2012. The description of the data is presented along with a revision of the theoretical aspects regarding public procurement and industrial policy. The conclusions show that in the case of the ICT, the purchases registered by ACCE have scarce importance in the sector's activity. In consequence, the use of this tool should focus in specific products rather than pursuing an across-the-board promotion of the sector. Likewise and in spite of the scarcity of information, it is noted that in this sector the public agents who have the potential to promote the ICT demandled dynamism are the three biggest state-owned companies.
    Keywords: public procurement, ICT, demand led policy
    JEL: L52 L86 O25
    Date: 2014–08
  3. By: Muhammad Shahbaz; Rashid Sbia; Helmi Hamdi; Ijaz Ur Rehman
    Abstract: This paper investigates relationship between information communication technology (ICT), economic growth and electricity consumption using data of UAE over the period of 1975- 2011.We have tested the unit properties of variables and the Bayer and Hanck combined cointegration approach for long run relationship. The innovative accounting approach is applied to test the robustness of the VECM Granger causality findings. Our empirical results confirm the existence of cointegration between the series. We find that ICT adds in electricity demand but electricity prices lower it. Income growth increases electricity consumption. The non-linear relationship between ICT and electricity consumption is an Inverted U-shaped. The causality results reveal that ICT and electricity prices Granger cause electricity demand. The feedback effect exists between economic growth and electricity consumption.
    Date: 2014–08–29
  4. By: Smaranda Pantea (European Commission – JRC - IPTS); Bertin Martens (European Commission – JRC - IPTS)
    Keywords: Internet Services, Consumer Surplus, Leisure.
    JEL: D12 D6 L86
    Date: 2014–08

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