nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2014‒07‒05
three papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
University Vienna

  1. Do recruiters 'like' it? Online social networks and privacy in hiring: a pseudo-randomized experiment By Manant, Matthieu; Pajak, Serge; Soulié, Nicolas
  2. Do open access articles in economics have a citation advantage? By Wohlrabe, Klaus; Birkmeier, Daniel
  3. Understanding Usages and Affordances of Enterprise Social Networks: A Sociomaterial Perspective By Ulmer, Galadriele; Pallud, Jessie

  1. By: Manant, Matthieu; Pajak, Serge; Soulié, Nicolas
    Abstract: With the advance of online social networks, the screening of applicants during hiring can extend beyond the usual application material. Although browsing the online profile of an applicant raises ethical issues, this practice potentially improves the job matching, at virtually no cost to the employer. In this paper, we investigate the use of online social networks as a reliable source of information for recruiters on applicants in the French job market. We set up a field experiment using real accountant job offers in the greater Paris area. We adjust the content of Facebook accounts to manipulate the perceived origins of applicants (hometown and language spoken) and analyze the impact on the number of callbacks received from employers. The signal we manipulate to distinguish applicants is available only within the online profile, not the application material. During a 12 month period from March 2012 to March 2013, we submitted more than 800 applications. The test applicant received a third fewer callbacks compared to the control applicant, a significant difference. Our results suggest that online profiles are used indeed to screen applicants, and that this occurs early in the hiring process. During the course of the experiment, a change to the standard Facebook layout sent a part of our signal, namely the language spoken by the applicants, into a sub-tab not directly visible from the front page. This exogenous change (clicking on a tab is now required to access the information) allowed us to measure the recruiter's depth of search. In subsequent months, the gap between the two applicant types shrank and virtually disappeared. This suggests that screening is superficial, illustrating the existence of employer search costs for browsing an entire profile.
    Keywords: Online Social Network; Labor Market Discrimination; Privacy; Field experiment
    JEL: D82 D83 M5
    Date: 2014–06–24
  2. By: Wohlrabe, Klaus; Birkmeier, Daniel
    Abstract: We investigate whether articles in economics that are freely available on the web have a citation advantage over articles with a gated access. Our sample consists of articles from 2005 from 13 economic journals (including the top five journals). In addition to standard mean comparisons we also use a negative-binomial regression model with several covariates to control for potential selection effects and quality bias. Using citation data from three different databases (Web of Science, RePEc and Google Scholar) we show that articles that are freely available on the internet have indeed a significantly higher citation count.
    Keywords: Open Access, Citations, Web of Science, RePEc, Google Scholar
    JEL: A12 A14
    Date: 2014–06–24
  3. By: Ulmer, Galadriele; Pallud, Jessie
    Abstract: Recent studies have emphasized the potential of Enterprise Social Networks (ESN) for companies. However, so far, researchers have paid little attention to usages and affordances of ESN. To investigate this research issue, we anchor our analysis on Leonardi’s Affordances Theory. A case study has been conducted in a large French company, where we conducted thirty-five interviews with users of an ESN. Content analysis of the interviews highlights multiple concepts related to affordances and sociomateriality. We identify both positive and negative affordances that guide, influence or constraint human action and determine the way in which social and material agencies work on each other. In comparison with traditional ICT, we argue that ESN require specific attention because ESN social features offer individuals new possibilities, new rules, and new modes of communication. Social agency is more than ever imbricated with material agency because of these social features.
    Keywords: Réseaux sociaux d'entreprise; Sociomateriality; Affordances; ESN; Appropriation;
    JEL: M15 Z13
    Date: 2014–08

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