nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2014‒04‒05
four papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
University Vienna

  1. Digital bricolage: Resources and coordination in the production of digital visual effects By Charles-Clemens Rüling; Raffi Duymedjian
  2. Using Web Data to Measure the Demand for Skills By Kea Tijdens; Brian Fabo
  3. Regulation, Innovation and Technology Diffusion: Evidence from Building Energy Efficiency Standards in Germany By Makram El-Shagi; Claus Michelsen; Sebastian Rosenschon
  4. Création de trafic sur les sites web marchands : enjeux et arbitrages entre visibilité et réputation By Volle, Pierre; Isaac, Henri; Charfi, Ahmed Anis

  1. By: Charles-Clemens Rüling (MC - Management et Comportement - Grenoble École de Management (GEM)); Raffi Duymedjian (MC - Management et Comportement - Grenoble École de Management (GEM))
    Abstract: The advent of digital technologies has led to profound changes in the creative industries, including the digitization of resources and the consequential fragmentation and greater physical distance of work practices. Looking at the production of digital visual effects for film production, this paper asks how collective digital bricolage is enabled by specific resources and involves particular coordination mechanisms. Based on a large set of interviews with industry experts, we identify the important role of two dominant coordination principles: "narrative alignment", i.e. a scene's contribution to an overall storyline, and "verisimilitude", which we define as a sense of perceptual realism. Together, these two principles facilitate collective bricolage in an increasingly fragmented and specialized professional field. Conceptually, we develop the notion of 'digital bricolage', which relies on digital assets and tools, and emphasize the need to study the impact of digitization on the nature of resources and on the coordination mechanisms emerging in specific creative industries.
    Keywords: Bricolage; creative industries; digital technologies; visual effects; verisimilitude
    Date: 2014
  2. By: Kea Tijdens; Brian Fabo
    Abstract: In the post-Fordist economy, a skilled workforce is crucial for maintaining competitiveness in the global economy. Nevertheless, how to measure the demand for skills remains a puzzle. The main issue discussed in this paper is how can online based surveys serve researchers and policy makers as a tool for determining the demand for skills on the labour market. The paper begins by an overview of the literature to make a case for the importance of measuring skills for the public policy. Following the introductory part, different approaches to measuring demand for skills are evaluated. Special attention is paid to the role of the Internet as a source of the relevant data. Measurement of frequency in which various tasks are being performed is proposed as an indicator for measuring skills associated with the specific occupation. The paper closes by a demonstration of the practical implementation of the questions measuring frequency of performance of different tasks in more than 400 occupations in the environment of the global WageIndicator survey.
    Keywords: C83
    Date: 2014–03–20
  3. By: Makram El-Shagi; Claus Michelsen; Sebastian Rosenschon
    Abstract: The impact of environmental regulation on technology diffusion and innovations is studied using a unique data set of German residential buildings. We analyze how energy efficiency regulations, in terms of minimum standards, affects energy-use in newly constructed buildings and how it induces innovation in the residential-building industry. The data used consists of a large sample of German apartment houses built between 1950 and 2005. Based on this information, we determine their real energy requirements from energy performance certificates and energy billing information. We develop a new measure for regulation intensity and apply a panel-error-correction regression model to energy requirements of low and high quality housing. Our findings suggest that regulation significantly impacts technology adoption in low quality housing. This, in turn, induces improvements in the high quality segment where innovators respond to market signals.
    Keywords: Environmental regulation, innovation, technology diffusion, residential real estate, energy efficiency
    JEL: D2 Q4 R5
    Date: 2014
  4. By: Volle, Pierre; Isaac, Henri; Charfi, Ahmed Anis
    Abstract: This research aims to help commercial web sites' manager to improve the performance of marketing investments in the development of traffic, amounting to more than 10% of sales. To do this, we present a typology of the process of choosing a merchant web site in order to highlight two major issues in creating traffic (i.e., the visibility and reputation). Then, based on recent cases, we propose a methodology to trade-off between these two issues and to select the tools for creating the most relevant traffic. This methodology improves the allocation of marketing budgets and manages the investments made by merchant web sites to create traffic.
    Keywords: trafic; visibilité; e-réputation; typologie de visite; e-commerce; traffic; visibility; online reputation; type of visit;
    JEL: L14 L81 M31
    Date: 2013–01

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