nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2013‒05‒05
three papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
University Vienna

  1. The Choice of Innovation Policy Instruments By Borrás, Susana; Edquist, Charles
  2. Facilitating agricultural technology adoption among the poor: The role of service delivery through mobile phones By Baumuller, Heike
  3. Investment under uncertainty and regulation of new access networks By Inderst, Roman; Peitz, Martin

  1. By: Borrás, Susana (Department of Business and Politics, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark CIRCLE, Lund University, Sweden); Edquist, Charles (CIRCLE, Lund University)
    Abstract: The purpose of this article is to discuss the different types of instruments of innovation policy, to examine how governments and public agencies in different countries and different times have used these instruments differently, to explore the political nature of instrument choice and design (and associated issues), and to elaborate a set of criteria for the selection and design of the instruments in relation to the formulation of innovation policy. The article argues that innovation policy instruments must be designed and combined into mixes in ways that address the problems of the innovation system. These mixes are often called “policy mix”. The problem-oriented nature of the design of instrument mixes is what makes innovation policy instruments ‘systemic’
    Keywords: Policy mix; innovation system; innovation policy instruments; governance; regulation; public policy
    JEL: O30 O31 O32 O33 O38
    Date: 2013–02–15
  2. By: Baumuller, Heike
    Abstract: The use of mobile phones in poverty reduction and development has ignited much interest over the past decade. To take advantage of the rapid expansion of mobile phones in developing countries, businesses, government agencies and non-governmental organisations are increasingly turning their attention to the delivery of services through mobile phones in areas such as health, education and agriculture. This paper examines how such m-services could be and are already being used to facilitate agricultural technology adoption among farmers in developing countries, including accessing, using and generating income from new technologies. The paper argues that m-services could help to overcome some of the obstacles to technology adoption by facilitating access to information and learning, financial services, and input and output markets. Existing studies assessing the impacts of mobile phones already point to the potential benefits for poverty reduction and rural development. However, there is a risk that the poorest and marginalised may fall behind. Further research is needed to understand how their particular challenges could be addressed through m-services and other support activities, and how they might become active players in the demand for m-services. Such research will need to draw on various disciplines to allow for an analysis of the economic, social and biophysical dimensions of the users, farming contexts and technologies.
    Keywords: mobile phones, m-services, agriculture, technology adoption, poverty, Community/Rural/Urban Development, Farm Management, Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety, Food Security and Poverty, International Development, Land Economics/Use, Livestock Production/Industries,
    Date: 2012–05
  3. By: Inderst, Roman; Peitz, Martin
    Abstract: Contractual and regulatory provisions for access affect incentives to invest in an upgraded network and, in particular, a next-generation access network. Investment decisions are made under uncertainty and have to be made over time. This papers provides a framework for taking uncertainty, risk aversion, and the timing of investment explicitly into account. First, it evaluates various access price policies in a framework in which the incremental value over the legacy network is uncertain. Second, introducing risk aversion, the access price structure turns out to be critical for the risk profile of the investing telecom operator and of the access-seeking alternative operator. Third, some implications of the time structure of access payments are derived. --
    Keywords: NGA,investment under uncertainty,access price rule,telecommunications
    JEL: L1 L5
    Date: 2013

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