nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2013‒04‒20
five papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
University Vienna

  1. The Impact of Internet Diffusion on Marriage Rates: Evidence from the Broadband Market By Bellou, Andriana
  2. Intellectual Property, Innovation and the Governance of the Internet By David K. Levine
  3. ICT and occupation-based measures of organisational change: Firm and employee outcomes By Böckerman, Petri; Kauhanen, Antti; Maliranta, Mika
  4. ICT outsourcing, user-driven and open innovation strategies in the generation of new data-based solution By Koski, Heli
  5. Towards a Mapping Framework of ICT-enabled Innovation for Learning By Panagiotis Kampylis Author-1-Name-First: Panagiotis Author-1-Name-Last: Kampylis; Stefania Bocconi Author-2-Name-First: Stefania Author-2-Name-Last: Bocconi; Yves Punie Author-3-Name-First: Yves Author-3-Name-Last: Punie

  1. By: Bellou, Andriana (University of Montreal)
    Abstract: The Internet has the potential to reduce search frictions by allowing individuals to identify faster a larger set of available options that conform to their preferences. One market that stands to benefit from this process is that of marriage. This paper empirically examines the implications of Internet diffusion in the United States since the 1990s on one aspect of this market: marriage rates. Exploring sharp temporal and geographic variation in the pattern of consumer broadband adoption, I find that the latter has significantly contributed to increased marriages rates among 21-30 year olds. A number of tests suggest that this relationship is causal and that it varies across demographic groups potentially facing thinner marriage markets. I also provide some suggestive evidence that Internet has likely crowded out other traditional meeting venues, such as through family and friends.
    Keywords: internet, broadband, marriage, search
    JEL: J11 J12 D12 R11 O33
    Date: 2013–03
  2. By: David K. Levine
    Abstract: I discuss both the causes and consequences of the Internet being squeezed by copyright proponents. The striking fact is that while this squeeze has a broad and negative impact on society broadly, it brings very little benefit to the copyright proponents. The implication for the governance of the Internet is clear: a small minority who derive little benefit in an effort that imposes great costs on everyone else should not have a role in governance.
    Keywords: internet governance, copyright, piracy, downloading
    Date: 2013–03
  3. By: Böckerman, Petri; Kauhanen, Antti; Maliranta, Mika
    Abstract: Abstract: To examine the productivity, employment and wage effects of ICT, we apply novel occupation based measures of organisational change within firms. With these measures, we directly address the complementarities between ICT and organisational changes. Our results support the view that organisational change complements ICT investments in a productivity-enhancing manner. In particular, the ICT-driven productivity gains are associated with the destruction of routine and non-interactive tasks in an organisation. Furthermore, using longitudinal aspects of our linked employer-employee data, we find that whereas ICT does not affect the probability of an employee becoming unemployed, it has a positive impact on the wage growth of retained employees.
    Keywords: ICT, innovation, organisational change, restructuring, productivity, performance, wages
    JEL: J24 J31 L23 M51
    Date: 2013–04–04
  4. By: Koski, Heli
    Abstract: Abstract: The reported empirical findings using survey data from 531 Finnish companies show that for digitalized data-based innovation generated for both firm’s own and market needs, the firm’s ICT-specific absorptive capacity matters more than its general absorptive capacity arising from the firms’ investments in R&D and intangible assets. User-driven innovators differ from companies that do not produce new data-based solutions for their own use in three major dimensions: 1) they tend to use selective ICT outsourcing strategy, 2) they tend to involve more internal units closely to innovation activities and 3) they tend to use wider external knowledge search strategy. In other words, firms using data for producing innovative solutions for their own needs balance their relatively open innovation strategy with the close in-house innovation collaboration among different units, and further employ an ICT strategy that relies selectively on a firm’s own ICT-specific absorptive capacity and external ICT expertise.
    Keywords: user-driven innovation, open innovation, data-based products and services, ICT strategy, outsourcing
    JEL: D22 L20 O31
    Date: 2013–03–21
  5. By: Panagiotis Kampylis Author-1-Name-First: Panagiotis Author-1-Name-Last: Kampylis (European Commission – JRC - IPTS); Stefania Bocconi Author-2-Name-First: Stefania Author-2-Name-Last: Bocconi (European Commission – JRC - IPTS); Yves Punie Author-3-Name-First: Yves Author-3-Name-Last: Punie (European Commission – JRC - IPTS)
    Abstract: ICT is regarded as a key enabler of innovation and creativity in E&T and for learning at large. Based on desk research and on previous JRC-IPTS studies, this report provides a definition and classification of ICT-enabled innovation for learning that has significant scale and/or impact at system level, both within formal Education and Training and outside formal settings. A mapping framework is also proposed that can be used for an in-depth analysis of existing initiatives showing how ICT-enabled innovation is implemented on a large scale. Finally, the report provides a preliminary application of four diverse initiatives on the proposed mapping framework.
    Keywords: Europe 2020 Strategy, Learning, Skilling, Innovation & Creativity in Education and Training, ICT-enabled innovation for learning, classifications of innovation for learning, mapping framework of ICT-enabled innovation for learning, Creative Classrooms
    JEL: I20 I28 I29 I21
    Date: 2012–06

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