nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2012‒11‒17
four papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
University Vienna

  1. Socioeconomic Impact of Broadband in Latin American and Caribbean Countries By Antonio García Zaballos; Rubén López-Rivas
  2. Social preferences in the online laboratory : A randomized experiment By Jérôme Hergueux; Nicolas Jacquemet
  3. An overview of existing literature on public e-services. By Davide Arduini; Antonello Zanfei
  4. Using Smartphone Apps for Learning in a Major Korean University By Juseuk Kim; Jorn Altmann; Lynn Ilon

  1. By: Antonio García Zaballos; Rubén López-Rivas
    Abstract: Broadband plays a key role in society, impacting GDP, productivity, and employment. In the Latin American and Caribbean region, which is characterized by low broadband penetration costly Internet connection, low usage, and sporadic adoption of mobile technology, a major goal for governments is to universalize access to and usage of broadband. This paper presents an econometric model which shows that, in Latin America and the Caribbean, on average, a 10 percent higher broadband penetration is associated with 3.19 percent higher GDP, 2.61 percent higher productivity, and 67,016 new jobs. It also defines the variables that a government can control to help increase the number of broadband subscriptions per capita in order to effectively improve socioeconomic conditions in the country.
    Keywords: Science & Technology :: Research & Development, Science & Technology :: Telecommunications, Broadband, LAC, Socioeconomic impact, GDP, Productivity, Employment
    JEL: C52
    Date: 2012–11
  2. By: Jérôme Hergueux (LaRGE - Laboratoire de Recherche en Gestion et Economie, Sciences Po - Sciences Po); Nicolas Jacquemet (EEP-PSE - Ecole d'Économie de Paris - Paris School of Economics - Ecole d'Économie de Paris, BETA - Bureau d'économie théorique et appliquée - CNRS : UMR7522 - Université de Strasbourg - Université Nancy II, CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS : UMR8174 - Université Paris I - Panthéon Sorbonne)
    Abstract: Internet is a very attractive technology for experiments implementation, both in order to reach more diverse and larger samples and as a field of economic research in its own right. This paper reports on an experiment performed both online and in the laboratory, designed so as to strengthen the internal validity of decisions elicited over the Internet. We use the same subject pool, the same monetary stakes and the same decision interface, and randomly assign two group of subjects between the Internet and a traditional University laboratory to compare behavior in a set of social preferences games. This comparison concludes in favor of the reliability of behaviors elicited through the Internet. Our behavioral results contradict the predictions of social distance theory, as we find that subjects allocated to the Internet treatment behave as if they were more altruistic, more trusting, more trustworthy and less risk averse than laboratory subjects. Those findings have practical importance for the growing community of researchers interested in using the Internet as a vehicle for social experiments and bear interesting methodological lessons for social scientists interested in using experiments to research the Internet as a field.
    Keywords: Social experiment, field experiment, internet, methodology, randomized assignment.
    Date: 2012–10
  3. By: Davide Arduini (Department of Economics, Society & Politics, Università di Urbino "Carlo Bo"); Antonello Zanfei (Department of Economics, Society & Politics, Università di Urbino "Carlo Bo")
    Abstract: Public e-services are a broad and growing research field in which scholars and practitioners from different domains are involved. However, the increasing attention devoted to public e-services only partially captures the extreme variety of aspects and implications of the diffusion of information and communication technologies at all levels of public administrations. The paper aims to develop a meta-analysis of the literature on the delivery, diffusion, adoption and impact of public e-services and examines differences in methodologies, approaches and key indicators across five service categories: eGovernment, eEducation, eHealth, Infomobility and eProcurement. We examined 751 articles appeared in 2000-2010 in the top international academic journals listed in the SSCI-ISI, as classified in the following fields: Communication, Economics, Education, Environmental Studies, Geography, Health Policy & Services, Information Science & Library Science, Law, Management, Planning & Development, Public Administration, Transportation and Urban Studies. We highlight a significant heterogeneity in scientific production across service domains, indicators used, and affiliation of authors. We also show an increasing diffusion of quantitative methods applied to different research fields which still appears to be constrained by data limitations. The overall picture emerging from the analysis is one characterized by largely unexplored service domains as well as scarcely analyzed issues both across and within individual service categories. Thus many research opportunities seem to emerge and need to be exploited from different disciplinary perspectives in this field of analysis.
    Keywords: eGovernment, eEducation, eHealth, Infomobility, eProcurement, Bibliometrics, Metaanalysis, Innovation in services, Public e-services.
    Date: 2012
  4. By: Juseuk Kim (College of Education, Seoul National University); Jorn Altmann (Technology Management, Economics, and Policy Program, College of Engineering, Seoul National University); Lynn Ilon (College of Education, Seoul National University)
    Abstract: Are students from one of the high tech universities in the world fully aware of their permanent linkage to the global learning network, the World Wide Web? In their pockets, backpacks, and purses are the latest smartphones loaded will countless apps. But, how aware are these students of the use they put them to as tools for learning? One class at Seoul National University undertook a study of this question as part of its collective learning class in lifelong learning. Both the process of the class and the outcomes of the research reveal much of how the practices of learning are changing in a dynamic, globally-linked university. Forty graduate students in engineering and education were interviewed about how they use smartphone apps for learning and which apps they consider useful for learning. Their answers are reported and a comparison is made between the students in the two disciplines. The surprising outcome of our research is that the definition of learning is in transition. Learning moves from learning in a classroom towards learning within a communication-technology-based network of students, professors, and information.
    Keywords: Smart Phone Use, Empirical Study, Descriptive Analysis, Learning, Tools for Learning, Practice of Learning.
    JEL: C42 D83 L86 O33
    Date: 2012–07

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