nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2012‒05‒08
four papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
University Vienna

  1. ICT Skills and Employment: New Competences and Jobs for a Greener and Smarter Economy By OECD
  2. Measuring the Broadband Bonus in Thirty OECD Countries By Shane Greenstein; Ryan McDevitt
  3. Beyond Google: 40 Apps in 40 Mintues By Sarah A. Berg; Rodrigo Calloni
  4. Sales Taxes and Internet Commerce By Liran Einav; Dan Knoepfle; Jonathan D. Levin; Neel Sundaresan

  1. By: OECD
    Abstract: Information and communication technologies (ICTs) and the Internet are increasingly viewed as a vital infrastructure for all sectors of the economy. Already, employment in the ICT industry and employment of ICT specialist skills each accounts for up to 5% of total employment in OECD countries and ICT intensive-users account for more than 20% of all workers. In addition, the emerging "green" economy is a "smarter" economy that has increased demand for ICT-skilled jobs not only in the ICT sector, but more rapidly across the wider non-ICT economy. The further creation of new jobs can only occur, however, if the right mix of skills and competences are available in the labour market. Shortages of required ICT-related skills have been observed in some OECD countries, and this is particularly true for skills related to green ICTs.
    Date: 2012–04–19
  2. By: Shane Greenstein; Ryan McDevitt
    Abstract: This paper provides estimates of the economic value created by broadband Internet using measures of new gross domestic product and consumer surplus. The study finds that the economic value created in 30 OECD countries correlates roughly with the overall size of their broadband economies. In addition, price and quality data from the United States suggest that widespread adoption of broadband Internet has occurred without a dramatic decline in prices, which reflects an unobserved increase in broadband quality that conventional government statistics do not capture.
    Date: 2012–04–19
  3. By: Sarah A. Berg; Rodrigo Calloni
    Abstract: This presentation is part of the Beyond Google series presented by the staff of the Felipe Herrera Library. The presentation briefly discusses 40 mobile applications which relate to the work of the IDB. These tools range from IDB-specific applications to travel and communication platforms. For the playback of this presentation, consult the link in the Related URL field below.
    Keywords: Education :: e-Learning
    Date: 2012–04
  4. By: Liran Einav; Dan Knoepfle; Jonathan D. Levin; Neel Sundaresan
    Abstract: We estimate the sensitivity of Internet retail purchasing to sales taxes using data from the eBay marketplace. Our first approach exploits the fact that seller locations are revealed only after buyers have expressed interest in an item by clicking on its listing. We use millions of location "surprises" to estimate price elasticities with respect to the effective sales tax. We then use aggregated data to estimate cross-state substitution parameters, and substitution between offline and online purchases, relying on the variation in state and local sales taxes, and on changes in these rates over time. We find substantial sensitivity to sales taxes. Using our item-level approach, we find a price elasticity of around -2 for interested buyers. Using our aggregate approach, we find that a one percentage point increase in a state's sales tax increases online purchases by state residents by just under two percent, but decreases their online purchases from home-state retailers by 3-4 percent.
    JEL: D12 H20 H71 L81
    Date: 2012–04

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