nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2012‒04‒17
two papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
University Vienna

  1. The macroeconomic effect of the information and communication technology in Hungary By Peter Sasvari
  2. Against the Digital Revolution? By Antoine Blanc; Isabelle Huault

  1. By: Peter Sasvari
    Abstract: It was not until the beginning of the 1990s that the effects of information and communication technology on economic growth as well as on the profitability of enterprises raised the interest of researchers. After giving a general description on the relationship between a more intense use of ICT devices and dynamic economic growth, the author identified and explained those four channels that had a robust influence on economic growth and productivity. When comparing the use of information technonology devices in developed as well as in developing countries, the author highlighted the importance of the available additional human capital and the elimination of organizational inflexibilities in the attempt of narrowing the productivity gap between the developed and developing nations. By processing a large quantitiy of information gained from Hungarian enterprises operating in several economic sectors, the author made an attempt to find a strong correlation between the development level of using ICT devices and profitability together with total factor productivity. Although the impact of using ICT devices cannot be measured unequivocally at the microeconomic level because of certain statistical and methodological imperfections, by applying such analytical methods as cluster analysis and correlation and regression calculation, the author managed to prove that both the correlation coefficient and the gradient of the regression trend line showed a positive relationship between the extensive use of information and communication technology and the profitability of enterprises.
    Date: 2012–04
  2. By: Antoine Blanc (DRM - Dauphine Recherches en Management - CNRS : UMR7088 - Université Paris IX - Paris Dauphine); Isabelle Huault (DRM - Dauphine Recherches en Management - CNRS : UMR7088 - Université Paris IX - Paris Dauphine)
    Abstract: In this paper, we examine the issue of how certain actors tend to maintain institutionalized elements, in spite of significant technological and social change. In particular, we focus on the notion of artifacts, which represent one type of institutional carriers, but mostly overlooked in the institutional literature. We approach this issue through an in-depth study of actors' efforts to maintain institutions in a "mature" creative industry such as the French recorded music from 2004 to 2008. Our study focuses on the relationship and interaction between actors engaged in institutional maintaining and artifacts. To do this, we have interviewed 26 different individuals in the music sector and constituted a rich base of secondary data. Our results point out that the recorded music industry, in spite of a so-called digital revolution, is still framed by persistent artifacts. These latter convey particular rules, norms and understandings that impede some potentialities of the digital revolution. We also underline the active efforts of some actors to defend existing institutionalized arrangements, especially through manipulation of artifacts.
    Keywords: digital revolution, recorded music industry, institutional maintenance, artifacts.
    Date: 2011

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