nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2012‒03‒08
three papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
University Vienna

  1. Technological learning in the Silicon Valleys of Latin America. By Ciravegna, Luciano
  2. The Introduction of ICT for Sustainable Development of the Tourism Industry in Cambodia By Bory Seng
  3. Do regions make a difference? Exploring the role of different regional innovation systems in global innovation networks in the ICT industry By Chaminade, Cristina; Plechero, Monica

  1. By: Ciravegna, Luciano
    Abstract: This study contributes to the understanding of the effects of FDI by illustrating that social networks affect technological learning in the Costa Rican ICT cluster in ways that the literature on technological capabilities failed to capture. It is based on extensive qualitative evidence collected by the author between 2004 and 2009.
    Keywords: FDI; clusters; Latin America; Silicon Valleys; technological learning; technological capabilities; ICT; software; high technology; social ties; social networks
    JEL: R58 F23 F21 Z13 L86 O14
    Date: 2011
  2. By: Bory Seng (ICT Policy Department, National ICT Development Authority (NiDA))
    Abstract: Tourism industry/development constitutes one of only a few viable development options and is often the principal source of foreign exchange earnings without exporting any national wealth or resources. It plays an important role in the sustainable development of many developing countries. The current national strategic development goal of Cambodia has embraced the tourism sector is one of the major driving economics sources after garment industry and agricultural products. In the 2011 report of World Economic Forum (WEF), Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index (TTCI) which developed to measure the factors and policies that make it attractive to develop the Tourism sectors in different countries ranked Cambodia 109 (Cambodia’s overall score index is 3.44) out of 119 countries. TTCI was computed by using three principal sub indices while ICT (Information Communications Technology) infrastructure was one of the individual variable for computing the Travel and Tourism business environment and Infrastructure sub index. Seeing Cambodia sits in the low position in TTCI and the awareness of the command of the pivotal ICT role in all functions, the study attempts to look into in particular development of uses and applications of ICT in Tourism sector in Cambodia. Furthermore, the study uses the article on the Adoption of ICT on Chinese’s tourism industry for a benchmarking case study. As this paper is the initiative study on E-Tourism in Cambodia, the attempt is to bring the interest of the government and the tourism entrepreneurs to visualize the importance and competitiveness by utilizing ICT in the tourism application.
    Keywords: Tourism industry, developing countries, ICT applications/services, TTCI, WEF.
    JEL: L98 M15 M38 G28
    Date: 2012–02
  3. By: Chaminade, Cristina (CIRCLE, Lund University); Plechero, Monica (CIRCLE, Lund University)
    Abstract: The access to global innovation networks (GINs) has been extremely unequal across regions around the globe. While certain regions are considered knowledge hubs, able to link to global knowledge flow, other still remain marginalized, pointing out to the role of regional innovation systems in the emergence and development of GINs. Using firm-level data collected through a survey and case studies in 2009-2010, this article systematically compares the patterns of global networks in the ICT industry in a selection of European and non-European regions. Contrary to what we expected, the results show that GINs may emerge in regions which are neither too innovative nor institutionally thick (like Tier 1) nor too thin (like Tier 3).
    Keywords: globalization; innovation networks; regions; Europe; India China
    JEL: O32
    Date: 2012–02–27

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