nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2012‒02‒27
four papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
University Vienna

  1. Regulation of Transborder Data Flows under Data Protection and Privacy Law: Past, Present and Future By Christopher Kuner
  2. Analiza metod dostarczania towarów przez polskie sklepy internetowe – wyniki badań By Chodak, Grzegorz; Latus, Łukasz
  3. Emulating interviewers in an online survey: Experimental manipulation of 'do-not-know' over the phone and on the web. By Leeuw, E.D. de; Hox, J.J.C.M.; Scherpenzeel, A.C.
  4. The impact of ICT on the Italian productivity dynamics By E. et al. Saltari

  1. By: Christopher Kuner
    Abstract: Transborder data flows have become increasingly important in economic, political, and social terms over the 30 years since the adoption, in 1980, of the OECD Guidelines on the Protection of Privacy and Transborder Flows of Personal Data. A fundamental change in the business and technological environment for data processing is also taking place, driven by developments such as the increased globalisation of the world economy; the growing economic importance of data processing; the ubiquity of data transfers over the Internet; greater direct involvement of individuals in transborder data flows; the changing role of geography; and growing risks to the privacy of individuals. Despite these fundamental changes in the data processing landscape, and the growth in the regulation of transborder data flows in numerous countries, there has been little attempt so far to conduct a systematic inventory of such regulation at a global level; to examine the policies underlying it; and to consider whether those policies need to be re-evaluated. This study is designed to describe the present status of transborder data flow regulation, and to provoke reflection about its aims, operation, and effectiveness, now and in the future.
    Date: 2011–12–08
  2. By: Chodak, Grzegorz; Latus, Łukasz
    Abstract: The first part of this article presents the methodology of the research and a detailed description of surveyed online stores. Analysis concerning how long e-shops exist, it’s profitability, the number of deliveries and the number of e-shop employees were shown. The following chapter introduces results of the research concerning the most popular methods of delivering goods, emphasising the innovative solutions, along with vast commentary of the authors.
    Keywords: internet shop; e-commerce; delivering goods
    JEL: L81
    Date: 2011–08
  3. By: Leeuw, E.D. de; Hox, J.J.C.M.; Scherpenzeel, A.C. (Tilburg University)
    Date: 2011
  4. By: E. et al. Saltari
    Abstract: The last twenty years have seen a marked slowdown of the Italian productivity growth rate. The literature has underlined the role of international factors, such as globalization and adoption of the euro. In this paper we emphasize the role and dynamics of capital accumulation investigating the impact of the introduction of information technology on capital and production in the Italian economy and the extent to which that is being affected by skills in the labour force. The model is specified and estimated as continuous-time general disequilibrium framework. It presents original features: it analyzes the effects of the introduction of the ICT technology on the Italian economy not in a partial equilibrium context of a single market but from a macro point of view where input markets interact; it does not assume that these markets instantaneously clear but rather that there are imperfections and frictions; it does not impose the condition that the economy necessarily converges to a steady state. The model behaves quite well in replicating the dynamics of the Italian economy. It also shows however that there remains some structural inefficiency that worsened in recent years. In fact, our main finding shows that there exists a permanent gap between “optimal†and actual output which increased in the latter part of the sample period. While a fraction of this gap can be attributed to unavoidable (market and non market) adjustment costs some is associated to efficiency losses.
    Keywords: Technological adoption, Disequilibrium models, Continuous-time econometrics.
    JEL: E22 O33 C51
    Date: 2011–11

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