nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2011‒07‒02
three papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
University Vienna

  1. Related Variety, Global Connectivity and Institutional Embeddedness: Internet Development in Beijing and Shanghai Compared By Jun Zhang
  3. Rhetorics vs. Realities in Implementation of e-Government Master Plan in Nepal By Kiran Rupakhetee; Almas Heshmati

  1. By: Jun Zhang
    Abstract: This paper contributes to the Evolutionary Economic Geography literature by employing the conceptualization of Ôrelated varietyÕ to compare the emerging internet industry in ChinaÕs two largest city-regions: Beijing and Shanghai. Official website registration records, Alexa internet traffic counts, venture capital investment data and information gathered through interviews with internet entrepreneurs were combined to develop the analysis. The findings confirm that the replication and diversification of related variety play a leading role in shaping the locational dynamics of an emerging industry. However, the localized nature of new firm formation should not be taken for granted as transnational entrepreneurship and venture capital are playing an increasingly salient role. The contrasting experience of internet evolution in these two Chinese city-regions also suggests that a regionÕs enduring political-institutional embeddedness significantly influences the generation and evolution of their related variety.
    Keywords: related variety, institutions, connectivity, Internet, China
    JEL: B25 B52 L25 L26 L52 L86 O18 O53 P25 R00 R11
    Date: 2011–06
  2. By: Ahmad Sanusi; Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ahmad Mohamed Martadha (College of Law, Government and International Studies, Department of Public Management, Universiti Utara Malaysia)
    Abstract: Recruitment in the public sector in contemporary African societies was conducted mostly through traditional and manual sourcing of teeming number of suitably qualified applicants which many stakeholders believed is full of inconsistencies and neglect of universally clamoured good governance practice. To be in line with global realities different countries in Africa including Nigeria started to embraced the use of electronic tools to obtain the maximum number of personnel they require to fill existing job vacancies. Most public sector organisations relied heavily on private recruiting firm for sourcing applicants online who charged high fees causing a lot of hardships on both applicants and the organisation. This study critically assesses the extent of applicability of good governance practices in the process of recruiting personnel through electronic means. Qualitative method was employed through face to face interview with applicants and stakeholders. The data was collected and analysed. The result revealed that the conduct of e-recruitment in public sector is yet to address the problems bedevilling recruitment and hiring process. Therefore it is recommended that political patronage and lukewarm attitude of policy makers towards justice and fairness should be address squarely by the government and its agencies
    Keywords: Public Service, Recruitment, E-recruitment and Good Governance
    JEL: M0
    Date: 2011–06
  3. By: Kiran Rupakhetee; Almas Heshmati (College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University)
    Abstract: This study discusses different facets of implementation of e-government in Nepal. With the background theoretical information about e-government in general, the Nepalese case of e-government initiatives is discussed with a specific focus on the “e-government Mater Plan”. Important pillars of any e-government initiatives, namely infrastructure, human resources, institutions, and policy and legal aspects are looked into from the perspective of feasibility in e-government implementation in Nepal. While doing so, Heeks’s e-government success/failure model has been taken into consideration accounting for different dimensions, namely information, technology, process, objectives and values, staffing and skills, management systems and structures, and other resources, which are responsible to create design reality gap thereby jeopardizing the success of e-government projects. This study is the first which tries to analyze the constraints in e-government implementation resulted from shortcomings in infrastructure, human resources, institutions, and policy and legal aspects. The knowledge can be useful in facilitating a smoother implementation of the master plan.
    Keywords: E-government, e-governance, Heeks’s e-government success/failure model.
    JEL: D73 H54 I28 J24 L63 L86 L96
    Date: 2011–05

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