nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2010‒12‒23
four papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
University Vienna

  1. Wireless Broadband Indicator Methodology By OECD
  2. Who might engage in mobile-commerce? Extended tam model and mobile shopper typology. By Blanca López Catalán
  3. Attributes and Dynamic Development Phases of Informal ICT Consortia By Pohlmann, Tim
  4. Contrôle de l'information et crowdsourcing By Jean-Fabrice Lebraty; Katia Lobre

  1. By: OECD
    Abstract: The wireless broadband methodology is the result of several rounds of contributions from, and indepth discussions among, member countries. The new indicator will assist in informing policy makers and other stakeholders in this increasingly important market segment. The OECD began collecting and reporting broadband data in 2000 as a way to capture and record significant changes in OECD markets for Internet access. The OECD set the minimum threshold for broadband at a download speed of 256 kbit/s at the time, primarily to exclude ISDN technologies at 144 kbit/s and to include the majority of commercial offers then available via other technologies.
    Date: 2010–03–18
  2. By: Blanca López Catalán (Department of Business Administration, Universidad Pablo de Olavide)
    Abstract: Research into mobile-shopping (MS) is currently the focus of much attention both from scholars and the world of business due to the extent to which mobile devices offer vast business opportunities in all global markets. However, few works have compared the validity of the extended Technology Acceptance Model addressing a range of different typologies of possible mobile-buyers. This research helps to understand the different types of potential m-shoppers and the most important ways to favour their intention to use mobile phones to buy. The goal of this work is twofold: to identify potential m-purchasers based on the reasons and impediments they perceive in mobile shopping, and to highlight major differences in the extended Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) with perceived control and subjective norms in the groups of buyers to emerge. These two goals and the representativeness of the sample, particularly with regards to age intervals, are the main contributions toward this kind of analysis. Using a sample of 471 Spanish mobile phone users of different ages who have never bought via the mobile, the research shows the differences in extended TAM model between groups of potential buyers. A structural equations analysis is performed. As a result, the extended TAM model is confirmed. Multisample analysis for four types of potential m-shoppers according to the drivers and impediments to m-shopping (relational, inexperienced, indifferent and transferred buyers) has evidenced that extended TAM does not impact all potential buyers equally.
    Keywords: Mobile-shopping
    Date: 2010–12
  3. By: Pohlmann, Tim
    Abstract: Theoretical and empirical analyses about informal consortia are not yet able to entirely illustrate the informal standard setting landscape. This paper tries to provide a broad and comprehensive picture of informal standards consortia and their dynamic development in the past ten years. Analyses show that consortia have distinct characteristics which help to position and explain their existence in the standard setting context. Furthermore the observation of consortia survival identifies relationships between the formation, termination and merger of consortia and market development. The paper is thus able to reveal unique consortia features such as flexibility in formation and speed of reaction to market needs. Formal standardization is in contrast an often protracted process of development and negotiation. Involvement in informal standard setting is in less bureaucratic and allows, in respect to the tiered membership structures, a strategic influence from participating firms. These main insights justify a distinct research on the role of informal standard setting in the ICT industry.
    Keywords: Standard Setting; Standards Consortia; ICT Industry; IP Policy; Technological Development
    JEL: O1 L16 L15
    Date: 2010–03–01
  4. By: Jean-Fabrice Lebraty (GREDEG - Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion - CNRS : UMR6227 - Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis); Katia Lobre (GREDEG - Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion - CNRS : UMR6227 - Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis)
    Abstract: Fondé sur deux études de cas, cette communication vise à déterminer si le crowdsourcing exerce une influence sur la manière avec laquelle les organisations contrôlent l'information qu'elles diffusent. Le résultat est paradoxal puisque, le crowdsourcing conduit à augmenter l'efficacité de la communication mais tout en réduisant le contrôle sur le contenu de l'information qui circule
    Keywords: crowdsourcing ; contrôle ; information
    Date: 2010

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