nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2010‒12‒18
six papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
University Vienna

  1. The Impact of Internet Use on Individual Earnings in Latin America By Lucas Navarro
  2. ICT and e-Governance for Rural Development By T.P. Rama Rao
  3. The creation of internet communities: A brief history of on-line distribution of working papers through NEP, 1998-2010 By Batiz-Lazo, Bernardo; Krichel, Thomas
  4. Egovernment: Lessons from Implementation in Developing Countries By Prof. Subhash Bhatnagar
  5. Transparency and Corruption: Does E-Government Help? By Prof. Subhash Bhatnagar
  6. Measuring Regional Inequality by Internet Car Price Advertisements: Evidence for Germany By Konstantin A. Kholodilin; Boriss Siliverstovs

  1. By: Lucas Navarro (Department of Economics, ILADES-Universidad Alberto Hurtado, Chile)
    Abstract: This paper uses matching techniques to examine the impact of internet use on individual earnings in six Latin American countries using recent household surveys data. Given their different internet use patterns and their implications, the analysis is done for salaried and self-employed workers separately. While salaried workers users mainly access the internet at work, self employed users access the internet mainly at other places. Therefore, the returns to internet use for salaried workers may be associated not only to individual but also to workplace characteristics. Results indicate a large effect of internet use on earnings for both groups of workers in most of the countries studied. These returns are high compared with estimates for industrialized countries. This could be explained by the much lower prevalence of internet use in the region for the international standards. Additionally, given that the estimations rely on cross-section data, they may not fully control for individuals’ characteristics before internet adoption. This calls for the need of panel-data on new ICTs diffusion in the region.
    Keywords: Internet use, Internet Impact, Latin America
    JEL: L86 O33 O54
    Date: 2010–09
  2. By: T.P. Rama Rao
    Abstract: Rural e-Governance applications in the recent past have demonstrated the important role the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) play in the realm of rural development. Several e-Governance projects have attempted to improve the reach, enhance the base, minimize the processing costs, increase transparency, and reduce the cycle times.
    Keywords: Rural, e-Governance, Information, Communication Technologies, projects, cycle times
    Date: 2010
  3. By: Batiz-Lazo, Bernardo; Krichel, Thomas
    Abstract: This paper adds to the growing literature on the formation of online communities from an historical perspective by telling of the emergence and development of a service for speedy, online distribution of recent additions to the broad literatures on economics and related areas called NEP: New Economics Papers as well as the online community that grew around it. We provide details of the social and technological challenges for its construction as well as the evolution of its governance. The development of NEP provides an illustrative example for the kind of new business models that have emerged as the Internet has been used by creative minds to provide existing services in a new way.
    Keywords: digital libraries; online communities; open source; New Economic Papers (NEP); RePEc
    JEL: N8 A31 L63
    Date: 2010–11
  4. By: Prof. Subhash Bhatnagar
    Abstract: E-government applications from a large number of developing countries are reviewed. Different models of electronic delivery of services are compared. Delivery through conveniently located service centers where citizens are served by operators working on-line seems to be emerging as a popular model in countries with low penetration of Internet. Various elements that constitute readiness in implementing e-government are identified. It is argued that trial through a few quick strike , is important, as the benefits need to be demonstrated to citizens and civil servants.
    Keywords: E-government, developing countries, service centers, popular model, projects
    Date: 2010
  5. By: Prof. Subhash Bhatnagar
    Abstract: Through its pioneering surveys in recent years, the Transparency International (TI) has tried to gauge the extent of corruption in different countries, identify Government departments where corruption appears to be most rampant, and establish some reasons why it seems to grow. Two major factors that contribute to the growth of corruption are the low probability of discovery, and perceived immunity against prosecution. Secrecy in government, restrictions on access to information by citizens and the media, ill defined/complex and excessive rules, procedures and regulations can all lead to a low chance of discovery.
    Keywords: pioneering, surveys, Transparency International,Government, procedures, regulations
    Date: 2010
  6. By: Konstantin A. Kholodilin (DIW Berlin, Germany); Boriss Siliverstovs (KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich, Switzerland)
    Abstract: We suggest to use Internet car sale price advertisements for measuring economic inequality between and within German regions. Our estimates of regional income levels and Gini indices based on advertisements are highly, positively correlated with the official figures. This implies that the observed car prices can serve as a reasonably good proxy for income levels. In contrast to the traditional measures, our data can be fast and inexpensively retrieved from the web, and more importantly allow to estimate Gini indices at the NUTS2 level – something that never has been done before. Our approach to measuring regional inequality is a useful alternative source of information that could complement the officially available measures.
    Keywords: Car price advertisements, economic inequality, German NUTS1 and NUTS regions, Gini index, Internet
    JEL: C21 O47 R11
    Date: 2010–07

This nep-ict issue is ©2010 by Walter Frisch. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.