nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2010‒07‒17
four papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
University Vienna

  1. Online but still divided: Inequality in private internet use in Germany By Coneus, Katja; Schleife, Katrin
  2. Intra-Firm Diffusion of Innovation: Evidence from Tunisian SME’s in Matters of Information and Communication Technologies By Adel Ben Youssef; Walid Hadhri; Hatem M’henni
  3. Regulatory legacy, VoIP adoption and investment incentives By Paul de Bijl; Martin Peitz
  4. Product, process and organizational innovation: drivers, complementarity, and productivity effects By Polder, Michael; Van Leeuwen, George; Mohnen, Pierre; Raymond, Wladimir

  1. By: Coneus, Katja; Schleife, Katrin
    Abstract: In this analysis, we compare the determinants of the first-level and the second-level digital divide for private internet use in Germany. Our work offers three important innovations. First, we use the exact weekly duration of internet use to explain inequalities in internet intensity, explicitly controlling for non-users. Secondly, we use the frequencies of five different internet applications to further investigate the determinants of the second-level digital divide. Thirdly, we estimate selection models to control for unobserved characteristics of all individuals. Comparing the determinants of the first- and second-level digital divide shows that socio-economic characteristics (age, education, migration) explain inequalities of the first- but not of the second-level digital divide. By contrast, preferences and attitudes regarding new technologies as well as peer effects turn out to be important for both. --
    Keywords: digital divide,internet use,peer effects,inequality
    JEL: I1 I12 J13
    Date: 2010
  2. By: Adel Ben Youssef (GREDEG and Univ. Nice Sophia-Antipolis); Walid Hadhri; Hatem M’henni
    Abstract: The aim of this paper is twofold: first, we want to explore the intra-firm diffusion of information and communication technologies (ICT) within the Tunisian firms and to characterize its general trends of adoption and usage. Second, we want to emphasize the rank and epidemic effects stressed by the disequilibrium models of intra-firm diffusion of innovation following the traditional view of (Mansfield, 1963, Antonelli 1985). Based on face-to-face questionnaires of a random sample of 175 firms our paper shows that: (i) three technological waves of ICT adoption are well characterized in the Tunisian manufacturing sector. This dynamic of adoption is linked to the age of the technologies. Time is the main explanatory variable for intra-firm diffusion of these technologies. (ii) A positive correlation between the size of the firm, seniority and the depth of adoption is found. These econometric estimates show that the rank effect is well characterized within the Tunisian firms. (iii) A positive correlation between technological absorptive capacity building and intensity of ICT usage is found. This correlation confirms the epidemic effect. (iv) Our results show that disequilibrium models’ explanations of intra-firm diffusion of innovation are valid within the Tunisian manufacturing sector and seem more appropriate than the equilibrium theory for developing countries.
    Date: 2010–07
  3. By: Paul de Bijl; Martin Peitz
    Abstract: The introduction of VoIP telephony raises concerns about current regulatory practice. Access regulation has been designed for PSTN and the liberalization of the PSTN market. This paper explores the effects of access regulation of PSTN networks on consumers’ adoption of a new technology in the form of VoIP. It also discusses the link between access regulation and the incentives to invest in VoIP.
    Keywords: telecommunications; voice over broadband (VoB); voice over Internet protocol (VoIP); entry; access; regulation
    JEL: L96 L51 L13
    Date: 2010–06
  4. By: Polder, Michael; Van Leeuwen, George; Mohnen, Pierre; Raymond, Wladimir
    Abstract: We propose a model where both R&D and ICT investment feed into a system of three innovation output equations (product, process and organizational innovation), which ultimately feeds into a productivity equation. We find that ICT investment and usage are important drivers of innovation in both manufacturing and services. Doing more R&D has a positive effect on product innovation in manufacturing. The strongest productivity effects are derived from organizational innovation. We find positive effects of product and process innovation when combined with an organizational innovation. There is evidence that organizational innovation is complementary to process innovation.
    Keywords: Innovation; ICT; R&D; productivity
    JEL: L25 O30 O32 O33 O31
    Date: 2010–06

This nep-ict issue is ©2010 by Walter Frisch. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.