nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2010‒03‒13
six papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
University Vienna

  1. The productivity of the public sector in OECD countries: eGovernment as driver of efficiency and efficacy By Corsi, Marcella; D'Ippoliti, Carlo
  2. Multiple information search and employee participation in occupational pension plans By Kathrin Johansen
  3. The Common Criteria for Information Technology Security Evaluation – Implications for China’s Policy on Information Security Standards By Dieter Ernst; Sheri Martin;
  4. The Challnege of Patent Governance in ICT Standards, Seen from a Paten Authority's Perspective By Konstantinos Karachalios; ;
  5. Technology and Demand for Skilled Labor in Turkish Private Manufacturing Industries By Tolga Aksoy
  6. Technical Change and Total Factor Productivity Growth: The Case of Chinese Provinces By Almas Heshmati; Subal C. Kumbhakar

  1. By: Corsi, Marcella; D'Ippoliti, Carlo
    Abstract: This article aims at illustrating a theoretical approach to the analysis of the dynamics of productivity in the public sector, and at presenting a preliminary application of it to the estimation of the impact on productivity of the recent development of e-Government processes in a number of OECD countries. Our analysis serves a twofold purpose: at the microeconomic level, we set out to provide individual public administrations (PAs) with an instrument to evaluate the benefits, in terms of output, of alternative projects, particularly through a more efficient organisation of the relevant information. At the macroeconomic level, the aim is to highlight a significant relationship between e-Government and economic growth, as an indicator of social wellbeing.
    Keywords: e-Government; ICT; public sector; productivity growth
    JEL: H54 O47 H11 H83 O31
    Date: 2010–03–01
  2. By: Kathrin Johansen (University of Rostock)
    Abstract: Multiple searches for information can increase individual participation in occupational pension programs. This paper tests hypotheses derived from transaction cost theory and search theory to explain the formation of information networks on pensions. Using a dataset representative of the German population, we empirically investigate the determinants of network formation with respect to information about occupational pensions. We find that transaction costs, provision of information by the employer, quality of the intermediary, and subjective concern with this topic increase willingness to participate in a network and increase the number of network partners.
    Keywords: information search, occupational pensions, network formation
    JEL: D83 J14
    Date: 2010
  3. By: Dieter Ernst (East-West Center); Sheri Martin;
    Date: 2010–01
  4. By: Konstantinos Karachalios (Eurpoean Patent Office); ;
    Abstract: This paper analyzes the use of proprietary technology in key ICT standards, an important challenge for standards policy. However, the gaming and the loopholes between standardisation and patent system leave enough space for extreme individualist optimisation strategies, and thus considerable rent seeking. Thus, civil society and governments increasingly doubt that the existing regulatory frameworks may guarantee a smooth functioning of both systems in the future. However, strong-handed governmental interventions may lead to de facto trade protectionism and serious geopolitical frictions, according to the European Patent Office’s (EPO) Scenarios for the Future analysis. To avoid the worst case scenario, patent authorities should depart from their traditionally reluctant stance and assume a more pro-active role in this field. They can improve governance by increasing transparency and promoting respect of the rules at the interface of the patenting and standardisation process. To achieve this, a structured cooperation and exchange of per se public information between patent and competition authorities as well as formal standardisation bodies is necessary.
    Date: 2010–02
  5. By: Tolga Aksoy (Yildiz Technical University, Economics Department, Istanbul, Turkey)
    Abstract: This paper examines the relationship between technology and demand for skilled labor both historically and empirically. First, it is pointed out that the Industrial Revolution substituted skilled labor with unskilled labor since it has a de-skilling characteristic. Second, the skill-bias feature of Information and Communication Technologies Revolution is suggested. Finally, the effect of technological progress on the demand for skilled labor is tested for Turkish Private Manufacturing Industries. According to the static panel data estimation results, there is a positive but weak relationship between technological progress and demand for skilled labor.
    Keywords: Skill bias, Technological change, Manufacturing
    JEL: O33 J23 J24
    Date: 2009–04
  6. By: Almas Heshmati; Subal C. Kumbhakar (TEMEP, School of Industrial and Management Engineering College of Engineering, Seoul National University)
    Abstract: In the literature technical change is mostly assumed to be exogenous and specified as a function of time. However, some exogenous external factors other than time can also affect technical change. In this paper we model technical change via time trend (purely external non-economic) as well as other exogenous (external economic) factors (technology shifters). We define technology index based on the external economic factors which are indicators of ¡®technology¡¯. Thus our definition of production function is amended to accommodate everal technology shifters which are not separable from the traditional inputs. That is, these technology shifters allow for non-neutral shift in the production function. In doing so we are able to decompose technical change (a component of TFP change) into two parts. One part is driven by time (manna from heaven) and the other part is related to producer specific external economic factors. These exogenous technology shifters are aggregated (via hedonic aggregator functions) into several groups (technology indices) for parsimonious parametric specification. The empirical model uses panel data on Chinese provinces. We identify a number of key technology shifters and their effect on technical change and TFP growth of provinces.
    Keywords: technical change, total factor productivity growth, technology indicator, technology shifter, Chinese provinces
    JEL: C33 C43 D24 O18 O47
    Date: 2010–02

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