nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2009‒07‒03
three papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
University Vienna

  1. Google Econometrics and Unemployment Forecasting By Nikolaos Askitas; Klaus F. Zimmermann
  2. Information Logistics Research Report Frameworks in the healthcare industry By Willems, Anouk; Willems, Jan; Hadjasinski, Andrzej
  3. Does ICT Investment Spur or Hamper Offshoring? Empirical Evidence from Microdata By Luigi Benfratello; Tiziano Razzolini; Alessandro Sembenelli

  1. By: Nikolaos Askitas; Klaus F. Zimmermann
    Abstract: The current economic crisis requires fast information to predict economic behavior early, which is difficult at times of structural changes. This paper suggests an innovative new method of using data on internet activity for that purpose. It demonstrates strong correlations between keyword searches and unemployment rates using monthly German data and exhibits a strong potential for the method used.
    Keywords: Google, internet, keyword search, search engine, unemployment, predictions, timeseries analysis
    JEL: C22 C82 E17 E24 E37
    Date: 2009
  2. By: Willems, Anouk; Willems, Jan; Hadjasinski, Andrzej (Nyenrode Business Universiteit)
    Abstract: The research report takes the perspective of Information Logistics and investigates relating concepts like Knowledge Management, Information Systems and Context Awareness in the context of the healthcare industry. The aim of Information Logistics is to deliver the right information product, in the right format, at the right place at the right time for the right people in a customer demand driven approach. This principle is of high importance in dynamic organizations like the healthcare industry. Many problems arise in this industry as a consequence of the present lack of congruous media. This is caused not only by the parallel usage of both paper-based and digital documents, but also by the usage of different digital data structure formats which leads to inconsistencies of the data collected. With multiple data structures, miscommunications arise easily and negatively affect performance. Therefore, the principle of Information Logistics is necessary in the healthcare industry to structure, manage and use information in the right way. A relating concept of Information Logistics is Knowledge Management as it discusses the access and use of knowledge and information in organizations. More specific, Knowledge Management keeps track of know-how in organizations and enables transparency of knowledge- and information flows. Information Logistics is present in organizations in memory systems and information systems. Healthcare organizations use Health- and Hospital Information Systems to grasp the rapidly changing information elements in and between health organizations. An important factor has to be taken into account when discussing Information Logistics, namely context awareness. In order to deliver relevant information at the right time to its users, systems need to be aware of the users’ context, which includes the current time, their location, or the devices they use.
    Keywords: Information Logistics, Knowledge Management, Tacit Knowledge, Explicit Knowledge, Knowledge Logistics, Medical Informatics, Information Systems, Health Information Systems, Context Awareness
    Date: 2009
  3. By: Luigi Benfratello (Department of Economics and Public Finance "G. Prato", University of Torino); Tiziano Razzolini (Department of Economics, University of Siena); Alessandro Sembenelli (Department of Economics and Public Finance "G. Prato", University of Torino)
    Abstract: In this paper we provide empirical evidence on the effect of ICT investment on the propensity to offshore for a large sample of Italian manufacturing firms. Contrary to previous literature focusing on the service sector, after taking into account the endogeneity of ICT investment in the offshoring decision equation we find a negative and significant effect of ICT on the propensity to offshore some stages of the production process. Furthermore this effect turns out not to depend on the type of ICT investment and applies both to hardware and software/telecommunication expenditures. A potential explanation for our finding is that ICT investments in manufacturing increase the complementarity of production processes within the firm, thereby reducing the incentive to offshore. Our results seem therefore to suggest that negative exogenous shocks to ICT prices–possibly induced by targeted policy programs aimed at the diffusion of ICT technologies–do not favor offshoring of manufacturing activities.
    Keywords: ICT Investment, Offshoring, Maximum Likelihood System Estimation
    JEL: C34 C35 F20 L23
    Date: 2009–06

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