nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2009‒01‒03
three papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
University Vienna

  1. ICT Governance: Towards Federalized Structure and Solution By Connelly, John
  3. Understanding the Technology of Computer Technology Diffusion: Explaining Computer Adoption Patterns and Implications for the Wage Structure By Borghans Lex; Weel Bas ter

  1. By: Connelly, John
    Abstract: The ICT (Information and Communication Technology) Governance means actively identifying the service needs of the Government and her customers and to focus on planning and delivering these services to meet availability, performance, and security requirements. It also aims at managing service level agreements to meet agreed-upon security, quality and cost targets. Successful operation of an ICT unit of the government would require it to be fully integrated with the complete lifecycle of Government’s processes, improving service quality and Government agility. The paper identifies appropriate international standards for ICT Governance, and ICT Management around which solutions for ICT governance should be built.
    Keywords: ict; governance; management; service delivery
    JEL: H80
    Date: 2008
  2. By: NWAOBI, GODWIN (Quantitative Economics Research Bureau)
    Abstract: Technological progress is considered as a source of growth and productivity gains for national economies. Thus,understanding the factors that determine the diffusion of new technologies across african countries is important to understanding the process of economic development. And whereas, energy is linked with the capacity to perform, the rate at which energy is consumed for the accerelation of the pace of socio-economic activities is regarded as power. Consequently, it will be obvious that the magnitude of the standard of living in any society; the growth and development of such an economy ; and its ability to affect the course of events(such as ICT revolution) will be a function of the extent to which its energy(power)resources are developed and utilised. This paper therefore argued for the need to provide assistance in reducing vulnerability and building the capacity of african countries to more widely reap the benefits of the clean development mechanism in areas such as the development of cleaner and renewable energies.Inevitably, this is the critical condition for the sustainability of the emergent e-learning platforms and digital networks in africa.
    Keywords: ict; learning; elearning; development; energy; power; information; communication; solar; electricity; wind; governance; africa; electronics; telecommunications; internet; digitalsatellite; renewableenergy; gasturbine; powerplants; bandwidth; coal; hydro; biomass; steam; transmission; distribution; utilization
    JEL: A20 D80 I20 O30 O33 Q30 Q40 R38
    Date: 2008–12–16
  3. By: Borghans Lex; Weel Bas ter (ROA rm)
    Abstract: We review the empirical literature about the implications of the computerization ofthe labor market to see whether it can explain observed computer adoptionpatterns and (long-term) changes in the wage structure. Evidence from empiricalmicro studies turns out to be inconsistent with macro studies that are based onCES production functions. We propose a micro foundation for the CESproduction function that allows for changes in the underlying structure. We adaptthe macro model by incorporating computer skills, complementary skills and fixedcosts for computer technology usage suggested by the micro literature. It turns outthat fixed costs for computer technology usage explain different patterns ofcomputer adoption and diffusion between several types of workers and countries; italso provides very plausible patterns of the timing of wage inequality anddevelopments over time.
    Keywords: education, training and the labour market;
    Date: 2008

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