nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2008‒11‒18
three papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
University Vienna

  1. ICT adoption model of chinese SMEs By Skoko, Hazbo; Ceric, Arnela; Huang, Chun-yan
  2. Determinants of ICT Adoption: Evidence from Firm-Level Data By Haller, Stefanie; Siedschlag, Iulia
  3. Getting cited: does open access help? By Patrick Gaulé; Nicolas Maystre

  1. By: Skoko, Hazbo; Ceric, Arnela; Huang, Chun-yan
    Abstract: Chinese SMEs have played an important role in stimulating economic growth, increasing employment, expanding exports and promoting science and technology innovations. In 2005 there were more than 10 million SMEs registered in the Industry and Commerce Department, accounting for 99 per cent of all registered corporations (UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific; China Council for the Promotion of International Trade, 2006). Further development of the Chinese as well as of all modern economies is dependent on the speed and effectiveness of the implementation of ICT based solutions in businesses. While large companies have been quick to adopt ICT solutions and technologies, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) have had more serious problems with the requirements and challenges of e-business. A number of ICT, e-commerce adoption methodologies have been suggested through literature most of this research, has however, focused on developed countries where the structure of the economy is common. There are only few studies that shed some light on prescribing strategies of ICT adoption for SMEs in developing countries, especially Chine. Furthermore, despite the enormous attention given to encourage SMEs to adopt ICT there has been little systematic research into the factors influencing, enabling and inhibiting the adoption of ICT within SMEs. In this article, author developed a model of ICT adoption of Chinese SMEs, founded on premises that the adoption and the use of ICT represent the fundamental source of competitiveness and the basis for firms’ survival in the world market. By applying the Qualitative-Comparative Analysis (QCA) method and Boolean algebra, author proposed a model of necessary and sufficient factors for ICT adoption by SMEs in Chine.
    Keywords: Keywords: adoption models; Boolean Algebra; SMEs; case studies; ICT; qualitative comparative analysis (QCA).
    JEL: O33
    Date: 2008–07
  2. By: Haller, Stefanie (ESRI); Siedschlag, Iulia (ESRI)
    Abstract: We analyse factors driving ICT adoption at firm level using data from Irish manufacturing firms over the period 2001-2004. Our results indicate that the adoption of ICT has been uneven across firms, industries and space. On average, other things equal, firms with more skilled workers, firms operating in ICT-producing and ICTusing industries, and firms located in the capital city region have been relatively more successful in adopting and using ICT. We find positive technology spillovers from firms that have adopted ICT located in the same region and industry. To a certain extent, patterns of ICT adoption are different for domestic and foreign-owned firms, in particular with respect to the effects of international competitive pressure and firm size.
    Keywords: Human capital/ICT adoption/Industrial structure/Technologyspillovers
    JEL: L21 O31 O33
    Date: 2008
  3. By: Patrick Gaulé (Chaire en Economie et Management de l'Innovation, Collège du Management de la Technologie, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne - Departement of Economics, University of Geneva); Nicolas Maystre (Departement of Economics, University of Geneva)
    Abstract: We reexamine the widely held belief that free availability of scientific articles increases the number of citations they receive. Since open access is relatively more attractive to authors of higher quality papers, regressing citations on open access and other controls yields upward-biased estimates. Using an instrumental variable approach, we find no significant effect of open access. Instead, self-selection of higher quality articles into open access explains at least part of the observed open access citation advantage.
    Keywords: scholarly publishing, open access, free access
    JEL: O33 O38
    Date: 2008–07

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