nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2008‒03‒25
nine papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
University Vienna

  1. Business Intelligence – Improving Performance of Reengineering Project By Stefanescu, Andy
  2. Web-based Corporate Reporting in Bangladesh:An Exploratory Study By Dutta, Probal; Bose, Sudipta
  3. ICT-specific technological change and productivity growth in the US 1980-2004 By Diego Martínez; Jesús Rodríguez; José L. Torres
  4. Firms on SourceForge By Eilhard, Jan
  5. The Internet and Job Search By Betsey Stevenson
  6. Helping Workers Online and Offline: Innovations in Union and Worker Organization Using the Internet By Richard B. Freeman; M. Marit Rehavi
  7. Are Computers Good for Children? The Effects of Home Computers on Educational Outcomes By Daniel O. Beltran; Kuntal K. Das; Robert W. Fairlie
  8. ICT Penetration and Aggregate Production Efficiency: Empirical Evidence for a Cross-Section of Fifty Countries By Repkine, Alexandre
  9. Electronics to Mobile Commerce By waqar ahmed, shaikh

  1. By: Stefanescu, Andy
    Abstract: Traditional competitive intelligence solutions are typically one-sided. Intelligence firms deliver either technology tools to facilitate the intelligence process, independent research deliverables that supplement internal analysis or general consulting to guide the process. Once the solution or report is delivered, the firm is on his own, to piece together these cookie-cutter components into an effective, integrated business intelligence function. The task of reengineering project is to produce intelligence - a unique combination of hardware, software, communications, information and human - and process facts and judgements, opinions and evidence through the complex calculus of human reasoning. It make the chaotic intelligible, the inchoate coherent and the disorganised clear-cut. In the course of a year, it will gather and evaluate millions of different pieces of information, improving reengineering project. They will organise each information element into one or more of more than 3,000 distinct categories and select the most salient items for distribution to the consumers who depend upon their work. The specific information may vary from day to day, but the results always have the impeccable, clock-like precision and reliability.
    Keywords: intelligence; business intelligence tools; organisational change; reengineering
    JEL: M00 L21 M21
    Date: 2008–03–16
  2. By: Dutta, Probal; Bose, Sudipta
    Abstract: This research paper investigates the utilization of the Internet for communicating corporate information by the listed companies of Bangladesh.The sample for the study consists of 268 companies listed on the Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE) and the Chittagong Stock Exchange (CSE). Corporate websites of the sample companies were browsed by using a standard web browser for collecting data relating to corporate reporting on the Internet. The study shows that web-based corporate reporting in Bangladesh is still in its infancy. Only 38.81 percent of 268 companies have a web. A scoring scheme has been developed to measure the level of on-line corporate reporting. A wide variation in the level of on-line corporate reporting across 15 sectors has been found. The highest-ranking sector was the Banking, Leasing & Finance sector. This paper adds to the existing body of literature on on-line corporate reporting studies by exploring on-line corporate reporting practices of Bangladesh.
    Keywords: Corporate Reporting; Corporate Websites; Content Analysis; Listed Companies; Internet; Bangladesh.
    JEL: M14 M41 M1 M40 M4 M49
    Date: 2007–12
  3. By: Diego Martínez (Universidad Pablo de Olavide); Jesús Rodríguez (Universidad Pablo de Olavide); José L. Torres (Universidad de Málaga)
    Abstract: This paper studies the impact of the information and communication technologies (ICT) on U.S. economic growth using a dynamic general equilibrium approach. We use a production function with six different capital inputs, three of them corresponding to ICT assets and other three to non-ICT assets. We find that the technological change mbedded in hardware equipment is the main leading non-neutral force of the U.S. roductivity growth and accounts for about one quarter of it during the period 1980-2004. As a whole, ICT-specific technological change accounts for about 35% of total labor productivity growth.
    Keywords: New economy, information and communications technologies, specific-technological change, neutral-technological change
    JEL: E22 O30 O40
    Date: 2008–03
  4. By: Eilhard, Jan
    Abstract: This paper explores empirically what factors influence a firm’s decision to contribute and to take leadership in open source projects. Increasing firms’ participation in the development of open source software (OSS) is generally perceived as a puzzle. Assuming that firms face a ”Make-or-Buy” decision before using OSS, we argue that contribution is in fact the best way for them to keep control of their supplier in a context where incomplete open source licenses govern transactions. Building on this proposition, we derive predictions on the drivers of firms’ contribution and leadership in open source projects, and test them on a unique dataset of 4,808 open source projects extracted from Sourceforge. Our empirical findings confirm the predictions and lend support to our hypotheses.
    Keywords: Open source; transaction cost; governance; firm boundaries; software
    JEL: D23 L17
    Date: 2008–01–28
  5. By: Betsey Stevenson
    Abstract: This paper examines how the Internet has impacted job search behavior. Examining those who use the Internet for job seeking purposes, I show that the vast majority are currently employed. These employed job seekers are more likely to leave their current employer and are more likely to make an employment-to-employment transition. Examining the unemployed, I find that over the past ten years the variety of job search methods used by the unemployed has increased and job search behavior has become more extensive. Furthermore, the Internet has led to reallocation of effort among various job search activities.
    JEL: J01 J6 J62 J63
    Date: 2008–03
  6. By: Richard B. Freeman; M. Marit Rehavi
    Abstract: This study examines two innovative efforts to provide union services to workers with the aid of low cost Internet communication: the AFL-CIO's Working America, a "community affiliate" that enrolled 2 million workers from 2004 to 2007 by canvassing them at their homes and over the Internet (; and the UK'S Trade Union Congress's, a discussion board for worker representatives to communicate about workplace issues. Working America demonstrates that workers without collective bargaining will join a union organization that communicates on-line and off-line and campaigns for worker interests in society. shows that local worker representatives can form an on-line community that shares information to improve the services they give workers. Combining the two innovations could be a step toward a new "open source" union form that provides union services at low cost outside of collective bargaining.
    JEL: J0 J3 J40 J5 J51 J52 J81 J83
    Date: 2008–03
  7. By: Daniel O. Beltran; Kuntal K. Das; Robert W. Fairlie
    Abstract: Although computers are universal in the classroom, nearly twenty million children in the United States do not have computers in their homes. Surprisingly, only a few previous studies explore the role of home computers in the educational process. Home computers might be very useful for completing school assignments, but they might also represent a distraction for teenagers. We use several identification strategies and panel data from the two main U.S. datasets that include recent information on computer ownership among children -- the 2000-2003 CPS Computer and Internet Use Supplements (CIUS) matched to the CPS Basic Monthly Files and the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 -- to explore the causal relationship between computer ownership and high school graduation and other educational outcomes. Teenagers who have access to home computers are 6 to 8 percentage points more likely to graduate from high school than teenagers who do not have home computers after controlling for individual, parental, and family characteristics. We generally find evidence of positive relationships between home computers and educational outcomes using several identification strategies, including controlling for typically unobservable home environment and extracurricular activities in the NLSY97, fixed effects models, instrumental variables, and including future computer ownership and falsification tests. Home computers may increase high school graduation by reducing non-productive activities, such as truancy and crime, among children in addition to making it easier to complete school assignments.
    Keywords: technology, computers, education
    JEL: I2
    Date: 2008–03
  8. By: Repkine, Alexandre
    Abstract: This study investigates the impact of telecommunications penetration on the aggregate production efficiency in a large cross-section of fifty countries. We show that higher levels of ICT capital stock penetration increase technical efficiency levels in the aggregate production function. However, depending on the geographical location the effects of ICT penetration are different. Our empirical findings suggest that increasing the per capita telecommunications capital in the form of land line and mobile telephones, computers, Internet access and the like is likely to considerably increase productive efficiency in case of the poorest nations, while in the more developed countries such gains have been largely exhausted. In the end we offer several avenues for more research based on the caveats discovered while working on this study.
    Keywords: economic growth; technical efficiency; telecommunications investment
    JEL: O3 O4
    Date: 2008–02–28
  9. By: waqar ahmed, shaikh
    Abstract: “Mobile commerce, or m-commerce, refers to the use of wireless digital devices to enable transactions on the Web.”[1] Mobile Commerce is on a growth track. It is gaining increasing acceptance amongst various sections of the society. The need for mobility seems to be a primary driving force behind M-Commerce applications such as Mobile Banking, Mobile Entertainment and Mobile Marketing etc. A major role is thereby played by the ever-increasing convergence of computers and mobile telecommunication devices e.g. cell phones. This article undertakes a thorough examination of the conceptual background and existing regulatory framework of this relatively new business field, in order to provide a systematic and comprehensive understanding of M-Commerce, including its utilities for both consumers and service-providers, so as to make them aware of the new business opportunities arising out of this convergence.
    Keywords: M-commerce; mobile banking; mobile marketing; mobile entertainment.
    JEL: L81
    Date: 2007–04–31

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