nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2007‒01‒13
two papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
University Vienna

  1. Faible densité des espaces et usages des TIC par les entreprises : besoin d'information ou de coordination ? By Galliano, D.; Lethiais, V.; Soulié, N.
  2. Singapore Information Sector: A Study Using Input-Output Table By Toh Mun Heng; Shandre M. Thangavelu

  1. By: Galliano, D.; Lethiais, V.; Soulié, N.
    Abstract: The aim of this paper is to study the adoption and diffusion process of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in firms located in low density areas. We analyse the relationships between organizational and environmental factors and the firms' ICT uses in order to reveal their communication needs. Empirical work is based on the exploitation of three databases : a national database maintained by the french national institute of statistics and two regional surveys. The adoption and diffusion processes of ICT are modelled by a Heckman model. We shows that the determinants of ICT appropriation depend on the nature of the communication needs (coordination or information). Moreover, they depend more on the intrinsic specificities of firms than on environmental factors. ...French Abstract : Cet article a pour objectif d'étudier les comportements d'adoption et d'usage des Technologies de l'Information et de la Communication (TIC) par les firmes situées dans un environnement à faible densité. Il s'agit d'analyser les liens entre les caractéristiques organisationnelles et environnementales des firmes rurales et les usages afin de mettre en évidence la nature de leurs besoins de communication. Il s'appuie sur l'exploitation d'une base de données originale issue de la fusion de données d'entreprises de l'Insee et d'enquêtes régionales ainsi que sur un modèle d'adoption et d'usage de type Heckman. Nous montrons que les facteurs d'appropriation de ces technologies diffèrent selon la nature des besoins, d'information ou de coordination, auxquels elles répondent. De plus, ils dépendent plus des caractéristiques spécifiques des firmes que de celles de leur environnement.
    Date: 2006
  2. By: Toh Mun Heng (Business School, National University of Singapore); Shandre M. Thangavelu (Singapore Centre for Applied and Policy Economics (SCAPE) Department of Economics, National University of Singapore)
    Abstract: The paper measures the impact of information technology on the output growth of Singapore economy. A vibrant information sector will play an important catalytic role in developing Singapore into a knowledge-based economy. The analysis provided in the paper support the assertion that information economy will be a precursor to a knowledge-based economy. The information sector grew in tandem with the expansion of export in the first half of the 1990s. By the second half of the 1990s, it developed sufficient momentum and capability to expand domestically as a cluster. The use of ICT as intermediate input is found to be generally pervasive in the economy. The paper also investigated the impact of falling prices of information input on sectoral GDP. It is found that for a 10% decrease in information input prices, the sector GDPs had to increase by 0.05% to 2.2%. The overall impact for the economy is a positive 0.84% increase in national income (GDP) for a 10% decline in information input prices.

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