nep-ict New Economics Papers
on Information and Communication Technologies
Issue of 2005‒07‒25
five papers chosen by
Walter Frisch
University Vienna

  1. Technology and the environment: an evolutionary approach to sustainable technological change By JAVIER CARRILLO
  2. IT support to product variety management By FABRIZIO SALVADOR
  3. Cost and Benefits from Infrastructure Competition. Estimating Welfare Effects from Broadband Access Competition By Felix Höffler
  4. Information System Management Competencies Of Business Executives In Spain: Insights From (...) By SALVADOR ARAGON
  5. It Does Matter By ENRIQUE DANS

  1. By: JAVIER CARRILLO (Instituto de Empresa)
    Abstract: (WP 02/04 Clave pdf) The results of our model show that it would be advisable to undertake policies expressly aimed at the process of sustainable technological change in a way that is complementary to the conventional equilibrium oriented environmental policies. In short, the main objectives of this paper are to understand more fully the dynamics of the process of technological change, its role in sustainable development, and to assess the implications of this dynamic approach to techno-environmental policy. To achieve these goals we have developed an agent based model, using distributed artificial intelligence concepts drawn from the general methodology of social simulation.
    Keywords: Agent-based models, Evolutionary models, Lock-in , Standardization, Technology difussion, Sustainability
    Date: 2004–01
  2. By: FABRIZIO SALVADOR (Instituto de Empresa)
    Abstract: Offering to customers a high variety of products while guaranteeing competitive prices and reasonable delivery times is an ever-increasing necessity for companies. At the same time, the growing technological content of products contributes further to this complexity, introducing new challenges to management. As for any area of company activity, the creativity of software producers has brought about the development of information science systems, such as Product Configuration Systems, Product Data Management systems (PDM) and Customer Relationship Management Systems (CRM), which all promise to alleviate the problems caused by this complexity.
    Keywords: Product Variety, Product Configuration Systems, Product Data Management Systems, Customer Relationship Management Systems
    Date: 2004–06
  3. By: Felix Höffler (Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods, Bonn, Germany)
    Abstract: Competition between parallel infrastructures incorporates opposing welfare effects. The gain from reduced deadweight loss might be outweighed by the inefficient duplication of an existing infrastructure. Using data from broadband internet access for Western Europe 2000-2004, this paper investigates which effect prevails empirically. Infrastructure competition between DSL and cable TV had a significant and positive impact on the broadband penetration. Comparing the additional social surplus attributable to cable competition with the cable investments, we conclude that infrastructure competition has not been welfare enhancing. A theoretical model is provided, formalizing why the effect of competition on penetration might be limited.
    Keywords: Infrastructure Competition, Service Competition, Broadband, Internet, Cable TV, DSL
    JEL: L51 L86 L96 L12 K23
    Date: 2005–02
  4. By: SALVADOR ARAGON (Instituto de Empresa)
    Abstract: (WP 19/03 Clave pdf) This paper presents an exploratory study of IS competencies of business managers in Spain.Following resource-based theory and a knowledge-based view of IS competencies, an extensive review of the literature is conducted to identify a comprehensive list of IS competencies of business managers. In order to validate the business IS competence model, a Delphi study is conducted using 2 panels consisting of general managers and IS managers.The results indicate that IS competencies of business managers involve a fluid mix of both explicit and tacit knowledge components, and suggest that ´core´ IS competencies involve knowledge and experience in the strategic management of IS.
    Keywords: IS competencies, Management of IS, Business management, Delphi study, Resource-based theory
    Date: 2003–11
  5. By: ENRIQUE DANS (Instituto de Empresa)
    Abstract: (WP 15/03 Clave pdf) Some articles lately have hypothesized about IT being a commodity from which firms cannot extract a true competitive advantage anymore. Therefore, according to those authors, the competitive edge would be now in carefully managing IT to reduce costs and avoid overspending. The author rebates these viewpoints using Swanson´s Tri-Core model and proposes a different way to look IT management in the future in order to avoid the current pitfalls.
    Keywords: IS strategic planning, IT evaluation, IT management, Organizational use of ISRL, Productivity
    Date: 2003–11

This nep-ict issue is ©2005 by Walter Frisch. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
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