nep-hrm New Economics Papers
on Human Capital and Human Resource Management
Issue of 2017‒06‒18
four papers chosen by
Patrick Kampkötter
Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen

  1. The Role of Works Councils for Severance Payments By Christian Grund; Johannes Martin
  2. An empirical study of Job satisfaction of university staff By Ahmed Azumah, Ayisha; Mohammed, Safura; Tetteh, Rebecca
  3. Non-Work at Work, Unemployment and Labor Productivity By Burda, Michael C; Genadek, Katie R.; Hamermesh, Daniel S.
  4. The Effects of Scientists and Engineers on Productivity and Earnings at the Establishment Where They Work By Erling Barth; James C. Davis; Richard B. Freeman; Andrew J. Wang

  1. By: Christian Grund; Johannes Martin
    Abstract: Using representative German employee data, we analyse the role of works councils for the incidence of severance payments subsequent to dismissals. While there is a positive relation with severance payments after those dismissals which stem from plant closings, the incidence of a works council is negatively associated with severance pay subsequent to individual layoffs. In both cases, we find a negative moderating effect of individuals’ higher re-employment chances. We also explore gender differences and differences between the types of previously held jobs.
    Keywords: Dismissals, Layoffs, Plant closings, Severance pay, Works councils
    JEL: J53 J63 J65
    Date: 2017
  2. By: Ahmed Azumah, Ayisha; Mohammed, Safura; Tetteh, Rebecca
    Abstract: The paper examined university staff overall job satisfaction in Sunyani Technical University in a survey of 100 respondents in a cross-sectional study and a quantitative design. Using standard ordinary least square (OLS) method the findings of the study show that employees are satisfied with overall job satisfaction, and satisfied with the elements of satisfaction identified in the survey, with salary and workload been the most satisfied elements. The findings of the research in addition, indicate that elements of job satisfaction influence overall job satisfaction. Management of higher institutions should take into account the findings of the current study in motivating employees for enhance performance resulting from better service and quality service, since university workers are the first members of the community in dealing with students who are junior members of the community.
    Keywords: Elements of satisfaction, overall job satisfaction, employee performance
    JEL: J24 J28 M52 M54
    Date: 2017–05–20
  3. By: Burda, Michael C; Genadek, Katie R.; Hamermesh, Daniel S.
    Abstract: We use the American Time Use Survey (ATUS) 2003-2012 to estimate time spent in non-work on the job. Non-work is substantial and varies positively with local unemployment. Time spent in non-work conditional on any positive amount rises, while the fraction of workers reporting positive values declines with unemployment. Both effects are economically important, and are consistent with a model in which heterogeneous workers are paid efficiency wages. That model correctly predicts the relationship between the incidence of non-work and unemployment benefits in state data linked to the ATUS, and is consistent with estimated occupational differences in non-work incidence and intensity, as well as the cyclical behavior of aggregate labor productivity.
    Keywords: efficiency wages; labor productivity; non-work; time use
    JEL: E24 J22
    Date: 2017–06
  4. By: Erling Barth; James C. Davis; Richard B. Freeman; Andrew J. Wang
    Abstract: This paper uses linked establishment-firm-employee data to examine the relationship between the scientists and engineers proportion (SEP) of employment, and productivity and labor earnings. We show that: (1) most scientists and engineers in industry are employed in establishments producing goods or services, and do not perform research and development (R&D); (2) productivity is higher in manufacturing establishments with higher SEP, and increases with increases in SEP; (3) employee earnings are higher in manufacturing establishments with higher SEP, and increase substantially for employees who move to establishments with higher SEP, but only modestly for employees within an establishment when SEP increases in the establishment. The results suggest that the work of scientists and engineers in goods and services producing establishments is an important pathway for increasing productivity and earnings, separate and distinct from the work of scientists and engineers who perform R&D.
    JEL: D24 J21 J31 O3
    Date: 2017–06

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