nep-hrm New Economics Papers
on Human Capital and Human Resource Management
Issue of 2008‒09‒05
nine papers chosen by
Fabio Sabatini
University of Siena

  1. Why do Part-Time Workers invest less in Human Capital than Full-Timers? By Nelen Annemarie; Grip Andries de
  2. Entrepreneurial Career Capital, Innovation and New Venture Export Orientation By Jolanda Hessels; Siri Terjesen
  3. Facets and factors of human development in Tripura By Mishra, SK; Nayak, Purusottam
  4. Dynamics of social trust and human capital in the learning process: The case of the Japan garment cluster in the period 1968-2005 By yamamura, eiji
  5. Men at Work in a Land Down-under By Alison Booth; Pamela Katic
  6. Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Peer Effects in Early Education By Matthew Neidell; Jane Waldfogel
  7. Heterogeneity, trust, human capital and productivity growth: Decomposition analysis. By yamamura, eiji
  8. Classroom peer effects and student achievement By Mary A. Burke; Tim R. Sass
  9. Investing in Africa’s Youth By Lucia Wegner

  1. By: Nelen Annemarie; Grip Andries de (ROA rm)
    Abstract: We analyze whether lower investments in human capital of part-time workers are due to workers’ characteristics or human resource practices of the firm. We focus on investments in both formal training and informal learning. Using the Dutch Life-Long-Learning Survey 2007, we find that part-time workers have different determinants for formal training and informal learning than full-time workers. The latter benefit from firms’ human resource practices such as performance interviews, personal development plans and feedback. Part-time workers can only partly compensate the lack of firm support when they have a high learning motivation and imagination of their future development.
    Keywords: education, training and the labour market;
    Date: 2008
  2. By: Jolanda Hessels; Siri Terjesen
    Abstract: This paper explores the role of entrepreneurial human capital, entrepreneurial social capital and innovation in explaining new ventures' levels of export orientation. We use Global Entrepreneurship Monitor data from 9,342 early-stage venture entrepreneurs in 36 countries. Our results suggest that both entrepreneurial human capital and entrepreneurial social capital are important in explaining new ventures' export orientation. Entrepreneurial human capital increases the probability for new ventures to offer new products or services. New ventures with unique products or services are more likely to export, indicating that entrepreneurial human capital both has a direct positive relationship with new ventures' export and an indirect positive relationship through the venture's new product or service offerings. We also find that compared to moderate exporters, new ventures with higher export orientation levels are more likely to possess entrepreneurial human and entrepreneurial social capital and to be more innovative.
    Date: 2008–07–02
  3. By: Mishra, SK; Nayak, Purusottam
    Abstract: This paper systematically presents the geographical and historical forces that have shaped the resource base, infrastructure, connectivity, socio-economic milieu and consequently the economy of Tripura determining the level of human development in the state. In spite of a great burden of population on its fragile economy, the state has secured an appreciable score in matters of education and health. The human development of the state needs to be harnessed to promote economic growth in terms of increased productivity and higher per capita income. Human development has also to concord with enhanced dexterity and favorable attitude to economic development.
    Keywords: Tripura; India; North Eastern Region; Human Development; Literacy; longivity; per capita income; index
    JEL: D63 I31 O15
    Date: 2008–07–10
  4. By: yamamura, eiji
    Abstract: This paper examined how and the extent to which human capital and social trust are associated with the learning process of a manager in making operations decisions through experience. To this end, using a data set originally and purposively constructed by the author, I investigate the development and transformation of the garment industry cluster region of Kojima, Japan. The major findings through statistical estimations are as follows. (1) In the cluster development stage, the social trust of an enterprise and its manager’s experiences in firm operations could be regarded as forming a complimentary association. (2) In the stage following cluster development, however, a manager’s human capital as accumulated through schooling and personal experience becomes complimentary instead of social trust.
    Keywords: Social trust; Human capital; Bayesian learning
    JEL: O10 L20
    Date: 2008–05–17
  5. By: Alison Booth; Pamela Katic
    Abstract: We use new training data from waves 3-6 of the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia Survey to investigate the training and wages of full-time men. We explore the extent to which the data are consistent with the predictions of human capital theory or with recent alternative theories based on imperfectly competitive labour markets. According to the raw data, most work-related training received by full-time private sector men is general but it is also paid for by employers. Our fixed effects estimates reveal that this training is associated with higher wages in current and in future firms, and that the effect in future firms is larger and more precisely determined. These results are more consistent with the predictions of human capital theory based on imperfectly competitive labour markets than with the alternative of perfect competition.
    Keywords: work-related training, full-time men, training costs, general human capital, turnover
    JEL: J24 J30 J31 J63
    Date: 2008–08
  6. By: Matthew Neidell; Jane Waldfogel
    Abstract: We examine peer effects in early education by estimating value added models with school fixed effects that control extensively for individual, family, peer, and teacher characteristics to account for the endogeneity of peer group formation. We find statistically significant and robust spillover effects from preschool on math and reading outcomes, but statistically insignificant effects on various behavioral and social outcomes. Of the behavioral and social effects explored, we find that peer externalizing problems, which most likely capture classroom disturbance, hinder cognitive outcomes. Our estimates imply that ignoring spillover effects significantly understates the social returns to preschool.
    JEL: I21 I28 J13
    Date: 2008–08
  7. By: yamamura, eiji
    Abstract: This paper uses panel data from Japan to decompose productivity growth measured by the growth of output per labor unit into three components of efficiency improvement, capital accumulation and technological progress. It then examines their determinants through a dynamic panel model. In particular, this paper focuses on the question of how inequality, trust and humans affect the above components. The main findings derived from empirical estimations are: (1) Inequality impedes not only improvements in efficiency but also capital accumulation. (2) A degree of trust promotes efficiency improvements and capital accumulation at the same time. However, human capital merely enhances improvements in efficiency.
    Keywords: Heterogeneity; Inequality; Trust; DEA analysis
    JEL: E25 O15 O4
    Date: 2007–10–24
  8. By: Mary A. Burke; Tim R. Sass
    Abstract: In this paper we analyze the impact of classroom peers on individual student performance with a unique longitudinal data set covering all Florida public school students in grades 3-10 over a five-year period. Unlike many previous data sets used to study peer effects in education, our data set allow us to identify each member of a given student’s classroom peer group in elementary, middle, and high school as well as the classroom teacher responsible for instruction. As a result, we can control for individual student fixed effects simultaneously with individual teacher fixed effects, thereby alleviating biases due to endogenous assignment of both peers and teachers, including some dynamic aspects of such assignments. Our estimation strategy, which focuses on the influence of peers' fixed characteristics—both observed and unobserved—on individual test score gains, also alleviates potential biases due to error in measuring peer quality, simultaneity of peer outcomes, and mean reversion. Under linear-inmeans specifications, estimated peer effects are small to non-existent, but we find some sizable and significant peer effects within non-linear models. For example, we find that peer effects depend on an individual student’s own ability and on the ability level of the peers under consideration, results that suggest Pareto-improving redistributions of students across classrooms and/or schools. Estimated peer effects tend to be smaller when teacher fixed effects are included than when they are omitted, a result that suggests co-movement of peer and teacher quality effects within a student over time. We also find that peer effects tend to be stronger at the classroom level than at the grade level.
    Keywords: Education
    Date: 2008
  9. By: Lucia Wegner
    Abstract: African countries face high youth unemployment and a skills shortage. Technical and vocational systems in Africa are poorly funded and managed. Skill-development strategies need to be integrated into poverty-reduction strategies and focused on sectors with promising employment prospects.
    Date: 2008–04

This nep-hrm issue is ©2008 by Fabio Sabatini. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.