nep-hrm New Economics Papers
on Human Capital and Human Resource Management
Issue of 2006‒03‒05
three papers chosen by
Fabio Sabatini
Universita degli Studi di Roma, La Sapienza

  1. Education, Growth and Income Inequality By Coen Teuling; Thijs van Rens
  2. Religion and education gender gap: Are Muslims different? By Mandana, Hajj; Panizza, Ugo
  3. Public investment and higher education inequality By Berardino Cesi

  1. By: Coen Teuling; Thijs van Rens
    Abstract: Estimates of the e¤ect of education on GDP (the social return to education)have been hard to reconcile with micro evidence on the private return. We present a simple explanation that combines two ideas: imperfect substitution between worker types and endogenous skill biased technological progress. When types of workers are imperfect substitutes, the supply of human capital is negatively related to its return, and a higher education level compresses wage di¤erentials. We use cross-country panel data on income inequality to estimate the private return and GDP data to estimate the social return. The results show that the private return falls by 2 percentage points when the average education level increases by a year, which is consistent with Katz and Murphy's [1992] estimate of the elasticity of substitution between worker types. We find no evidence for dynamics in the private return, and certainly not for a reversal of the negative e¤ect as described in Acemoglu [2002]. The short run social return equals the private return.
    Keywords: Growth, inequality, education, private and social return to schooling, compression effect
    JEL: E20 J24 O10 O15
    Date: 2001–01
  2. By: Mandana, Hajj; Panizza, Ugo
    Abstract: This paper uses individual-level data and a differences in differences estimation strategy to test whether the education gender gap of Muslims is different from that of Christians. In particular, the paper uses data for young Lebanese and shows that, other things equal, girls (both Muslim and Christian) tend to receive more education than boys and that there is no difference between the education gender gap of Muslims and Christians. Therefore, the paper finds no support for the hypothesis that Muslims discriminate against female education.
    Keywords: Religion, Islam, Education, Gender Gap
    JEL: Z12 I20 O53
    Date: 2006–02
  3. By: Berardino Cesi
    Abstract: Empirical results show that children from high income households achieve higher levels of education and are more likely to be enrolled in post compulsory school. Theoretical findings fail to answer clearly whether greater public investment in the higher education system effectively decreases the inequality between the educational attainment of rich and poor children. We show that if the child receives a monetary transfer from his parents and allocates it between private consumption and investment in private additional education, then a further public investment decreases the educational gap. This result holds under the assumptions of both sub-stitutability and complementarity between private and public education.
    Keywords: Higher education inequality; Public education; Altruism
    JEL: H31 H52 I21 J24
    Date: 2006–01

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