nep-hpe New Economics Papers
on History and Philosophy of Economics
Issue of 2023‒01‒02
eight papers chosen by
Erik Thomson
University of Manitoba

  1. Understanding Socialism from the Outside and from the Inside: an Interview with Alberto Chilosi By Carnevali, Emilio; Pedersen Ystehede, André
  2. Bringing Latin America into the Mainstream: The 1963 Rio de Janeiro Conference on Inflation and Growth By Carlos Eduardo Suprinyak; André Roncaglia de Carvalho
  3. Political Economy and Moral Philosophy:Some (I hope) useful notes By Giuseppe Travaglini
  4. The Good of Rules: An experimental study on prosocial behavior By Caserta, Maurizio; Distefano, Rosaria; Ferrante, Livio
  5. Bringing excitement to empirical business ethics research: thoughts on the future of business ethics By Babalola, Mayowa T.; Bal, Matthijs; Cho, Charles H.; Garcia-Lorenzo, Lucia; Guedhami, Omrane; Liang, Hao; Shailer, Greg; van Gils, Suzanne
  6. Actualité de la pensée de Jean-Pierre Poitou By Claude Paraponaris
  7. How does an authoritarian state co-opt its social scientists studying civil society? By Ma, Ji
  8. La contribution de la sociologie française à l'émergence de la gestion des ressources humaines (1977-1994) By Yves Livian

  1. By: Carnevali, Emilio; Pedersen Ystehede, André
    Abstract: Alberto Chilosi belongs to the last generation of scholars who studied the socialist system and have been able to gain first-hand experience of its operation under “real socialism”. His extraordinary testimony features a series of analyses, thoughts, and anecdotes on the workings of this system that have often been overlooked in the literature of comparative economics and in the history of economic thought, but which will undoubtedly represent an indispensable source for historians of the future. This text also offers thought-provoking materials for those who set out to think about a model of society that goes beyond the capitalist economy.
    Keywords: Economic Planning, Comparative Economic Systems, Social Values
    JEL: A13 P21 P51
    Date: 2022–10
  2. By: Carlos Eduardo Suprinyak (AUP - The American University of Paris - The American University of Paris); André Roncaglia de Carvalho (Unifesp - Federal University of Sao Paulo)
    Abstract: In January 1963, distinguished economists from all over the world descended on Rio de Janeiro to discuss the phenomenon of chronic inflation and how it interfered with the developmental prospects of Latin America. A non-exhaustive list of participants included such notable figures as Hollis Chenery, Gottfried Haberler, Arnold Harberger, Roy Harrod, Albert Hirschman, Nicholas Kaldor, W. Arthur Lewis, and Dudley Seers, who shared conference halls for an entire week with high-profile Latin American economists like Roberto Campos, Celso Furtado, Eugenio Gudin, Felipe Pazos, Aníbal Pinto, Mario Henrique Simonsen, Osvaldo Sunkel, and Victor Urquidi. The conference has since been regarded as an early peak in the decades-long controversy between monetarists and structuralists about the causes of inflation in Latin America. While local economists had been grappling with the problem of monetary stabilization for some time, the topic entered the agenda of the economics mainstream as the Cuban Revolution turned Latin America once again into a strategic security concern. The paper shows how the sense of urgency generated by Cold War geopolitical considerations attracted the interest of the economics profession at large to the phenomenon of chronic inflation in Latin America. At the same time, it imposed the standards embraced by the mainstream onto a debate that had so far developed according to regional concerns and priorities. The resulting tension would shape the evolution of monetary and macroeconomic analysis in Latin America for decades to come.
    Keywords: inflation,economic growth,structuralism,monetarism,Cold War
    Date: 2022–11–22
  3. By: Giuseppe Travaglini (Department of Economics, Society & Politics, Università di Urbino Carlo Bo)
    Abstract: Political Economy, as an autonomous discipline, has a relatively recent history. From its origins, it appears to be divided into two fields, the “classical†one based on the labor- value theory, and the “neoclassical†one at the center of which is the utility-value theory. Our aim in this paper is to identify some relevant philosopher strands in economic thought that can help to disentangle the reciprocal relationships between the different economic theories, and to understand their relations with philosophy, and particularly with Moral philosophy. This can make it easier to study political economy, its social and political implications, and the not always simple relationship of the economic theory with social disciplines.
    Keywords: political economy; moral philosophy; welfare economics; social justice
    JEL: B00 B10 B40
    Date: 2022
  4. By: Caserta, Maurizio; Distefano, Rosaria; Ferrante, Livio
    Abstract: In everyday life, individuals interact with relatives, friends and colleagues, share ideas and passions and cooperate with others to pursue common goals. Within each social domain, individuals recognize themselves as a group member with rights and duties to observe. Understanding the importance of social norms and encouraging mutually beneficial cooperation is crucial for societal and economic development. This paper presents an experimental study of an educational program for early adolescents of 11 years old from South Italy. The program introduces participants to institutions, civic engagement, sense of duty, and decision-making. Among other didactic activities, it includes guided tours and a role-taking game. Our results suggest that the program attendance positively affects cooperation in a one-shot Prisoner’s Dilemma and altruistic behavior in a Dictator Game. Our findings contribute to the nature-nurture debate, showing that promoting prosocial behavior can be effective in pursing the common good.
    Keywords: Experimental game theory; Group Decision Making; Cooperation; Prisoner’s Dilemma; Dictator Game.
    JEL: C72 C93 I20
    Date: 2022–02–07
  5. By: Babalola, Mayowa T.; Bal, Matthijs; Cho, Charles H.; Garcia-Lorenzo, Lucia; Guedhami, Omrane; Liang, Hao; Shailer, Greg; van Gils, Suzanne
    Abstract: To commemorate 40 years since the founding of the Journal of Business Ethics, the editors-in-chief of the journal have invited the editors to provide commentaries on the future of business ethics. This essay comprises a selection of commentaries aimed at creating dialog around the theme Bringing Excitement to Empirical Business Ethics Research (inspired by the title of the commentary by Babalola and van Gils). These editors, considering the diversity of empirical approaches in business ethics, envisage a future in which quantitative business ethics research is more bold and innovative, as well as reflexive about its techniques, and dialog between quantitative and qualitative research nourishes the enrichment of both. In their commentary, Babalola and van Gils argue that leadership research has stagnated with the use of too narrow a range of perspectives and methods and too many overlapping concepts. They propose that novel insights could be achieved by investigating the lived experience of leadership (through interviews, document analysis, archival data); by focusing on topics of concern to society; by employing different personal, philosophical, or cultural perspectives; and by turning the lens on the heroic leader (through “dark-side” and follower studies). Taking a provocative stance, Bal and Garcia-Lorenzo argue that we need radical voices in current times to enable a better understanding of the psychology underlying ethical transformations. Psychology can support business ethics by not shying away from grander ideas, going beyond the margins of “unethical behaviors harming the organization” and expanding the range of lenses used to studying behavior in context. In the arena of finance and business ethics, Guedhami, Liang, and Shailer emphasize novel data sets and innovative methods. Significantly, they stress that an understanding the intersection of finance and ethics is central to business ethics; financial equality and inclusion are persistent socio-economic and political concerns that are not always framed as ethics issues, yet relevant business policies and practices manifest ethical values. Finally, Charles Cho offers his opinion on the blurry line between the “ethical” versus “social” or “critical” aspects of accounting papers. The Journal of Business Ethics provides fertile ground for innovative, even radical, approaches to quantitative methods (see Zyphur and Pierides in J Bus Ethics 143(1):1–16,, 2017), as part of a broad goal of ethically reflecting on empirical research.
    Keywords: accounting; finance; future of business ethics; leadership; methodological innovation; paradigms; psychology; social relevance
    JEL: L81
    Date: 2022–10–01
  6. By: Claude Paraponaris (LEST - Laboratoire d'économie et de sociologie du travail - AMU - Aix Marseille Université - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, AMU - Aix Marseille Université)
    Abstract: Dans une dernière période de recherche Jean-Pierre Poitou porte son attention sur une anthropologie des connaissances. Bien que faisant écho aux orientations politiques des pays de l'OCDE annonçant une société de la connaissance en fin des années 1990, cette attention s'inscrit dans une pratique intellectuelle très élaborée qui associe un large éventail de sciences humaines et sociales à une connaissance très fine des techniques industrielles et de l'informatique alors en plein développement. La présentation se concentre sur les derniers écrits consacrés à l'anthropologie des connaissances en incluant l'ouvrage de 1989 sur la fresque historique de la CAO. Elle consiste à énoncer la précocité des analyses de Jean-Pierre Poitou en matière de rationalisation des savoirs et des savoir-faire dans l'industrie à partir du milieu du XXème siècle. Elle prend appui sur trois textes de Jean-Pierre Poitou qui constituent trois axes majeurs de sa réflexion : L'émergence d'une industrie du logiciel devenant centralité de la rationalisation des savoirs industriels (ouvrage Trente de CAO en France) ; la réhabilitation de la place et du rôle de la technique dans les dynamiques socioéconomiques (La gestion des connaissances, comme condition et résultat de l'activité industrielle) ; la nécessaire anthropologie des connaissances pour comprendre la domination du discours cognitiviste dans cette rationalisation (Des techniques de gestion des connaissances à l'anthropologie des connaissances).
    Keywords: Numérique et sciences informatiques (NSI),Conception Innovante,Bureau d'études techniques
    Date: 2022–06–24
  7. By: Ma, Ji (The University of Texas at Austin)
    Abstract: What are the channels that an authoritarian state can employ to influence the research topics undesirable to the regime? I researched a Chinese scholarly network of civil society studies involving 14,088 researchers and their peer-reviewed journal articles published between 1998 and 2018. Individual and time fixed-effect models revealed that scholars who are at the center of the network closely follow the narratives of the state's policy plans and can serve as effective state agents. However, those academics who connect different intellectual communities tend to have novel ideas that deviate from the official narratives. Funding is revealed to be an ineffective direct means for co-opting individual scholars, possibly because it is routed through institutions. Combining these findings, this study proposes an initial formation of authoritarian knowledge regime that consists of (1) the state's official narrative, (2) institutionalized state sponsorship, (3) co-opted intellectuals centrally embedded in scholarly networks, and (4) intellectual brokers as sources of novel ideas.
    Date: 2022–05–31
  8. By: Yves Livian (Laboratoire de Recherche Magellan - UJML - Université Jean Moulin - Lyon 3 - Université de Lyon - Institut d'Administration des Entreprises (IAE) - Lyon)
    Abstract: La communication traite des liens ayant existé entre la sociologie des organisations et les débuts d'un champ intitulé, après des débats, "gestion des ressources humaines" à travers la parution de plusieurs ouvrages et communications dans des congrès dans la période 77-94. Une contribution à l'histoire de la pensée managériale et ses liens avec les sciences sociales.
    Date: 2022–06–17

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